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275 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prefixes
a-, ac-, ad-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, as-, at
- to, toward, near, in addition to
aside (adverb):
to or toward the side
accompany (verb):
to go with someone as a companion
adjust (verb):
to correct, to move closer to a correct position
affix (verb):
to attach to something, to fasten
aggression (noun):
hostile behavior towards someone or something
allocate (verb):
to distribute to specific people or for specific purposes
annihilate (verb):
to destroy
associate (verb):
to join with
attend (verb):
to look after, to go to
a-, an-
not, without
apolitical (adjective):
without interest in politics
anemia (noun):
the condition (disease) of not having enough red blood cells
ab-, abs-
away from, off
abrupt (adjective):
unexpected change
absolve (verb):
to be set free from one's actions or obligations
ante-
before
anterior (adjective):
before or near the front
anti
against
antipathy (noun):
dislike, opposite feeling
auto
self
automotive (adjective):
related to self-propelled machines
bi-
two
biped (noun):
a two-footed animal
biennial (adjective):
happening every two years
cat-, cata-, cath-
down, with
category (noun):
a class or set to which a thing belongs
catalogue (noun):
a book or pamphlet that lists and describes
catheter (noun):
a medical device used to tranfer fluids cath +eter
circum-
around
circumvent (verb):
to manage to get around a situation
co-, cog-, col-, com-, con-, cor
together, with
cohesiveness (noun):
the ability to stick together
cognate (adjective):
related, similar in nature
collaborate (verb):
to work together
commitment (noun):
to entrust, to put into a place
convenient (adjective):
handy, nearby
correct (verb):
to set right, to be right
contra-
against, opposite
contradict (verb)
to state the opposite
de-
to do the opposite, to take away from
decrease (verb):
to grow smaller, to become less
di-, dif-, dis-
apart, separate, two, opposite, not
divide (verb):
to separate into two or more parts
differ (verb):
to be unlike
dis-
not, opposite of, exclude
distrust (verb):
to have no confidence or trust
e-, ex-
out, out of, from
emit (verb)
to send out
expel (verb):
to force out ex + pel
en-, em-
put into
enamor (verb):
to cause to love, to "put" someone "into" love
empower (verb):
to give power, to put into power em + pow + er
epi-,
upon, beside, over
epilogue (noun):
the concluding section of a play or literary work
extra-
beyond
extraordinary (adjective):
going beyond normal
il-, im-, in-, ir,
not, in
illegible (adjective):
cannot be read
imposter (noun):
someone who poses as someone else
inaction (noun):
lack of motion, idle
irresolute (adjective):
uncertain about hot to act, undecided, not having a solution
in-, im-, il-
in, into
instead (adverb):
in place of, an alternative
import (verb):
to bring into a country from another country
inter-
between, among
interject (verb):
to throw something (usually a comment) between other things
intro-
into
introspection (noun):
to look into one's own thoughts and feelings
mal-
bad
malfunction (noun):
when something does not work properly
mis-
wrong
misconduct (noun):
wrong doing, bad behavior
mono-
one
monologue (noun):
a dramatic performance or speech given by one actor
multi-
many
multiply (verb):
to increase in number
non-
not, no
nonsense (noun):
something that has no meaning or makes no sense
ob-, oc-, of-, op-
toward, against, in the way
obtain (verb):
to gain or get, to get a hold of
occur (verb):
to happen, to come to mind
offer (verb):
to attempt to give, to propose, to try to hand out
oppose (verb):
to be against, to stand in the way of something
over-
excessive, above
overwork (verb):
to have too much work
para-
beside
paradox (noun):
a statement that seems true and contradictory at the same time
per-
through
persecute (verb):
to go after, to pursue
post-
after
postpone (verb):
to put off to a later time, to delay
pre-
before
precede (verb):
to go before, to come in front of
pro-
for, foward
propel (verb):
to push forward
re-
back, again
readmit (verb):
to allow in again
retro-
backward
retrospect (noun)
to look back at past events
se-
apart, move away from
secede (verb):
to withdraw from an organization
semi-
half
semiannual (adjective):
occurring twice a year
sub-, suc-, suf-, sup-, sur-, sus
under, beneath, near, from below, secretly, above, up
submarine (adjective):
underwater
succeed (verb):
to do well, to come after
suffice (verb):
to be enough
support (verb):
to hold up, too keep up
survive (verb):
to live, to live through something, to exist
sustain (verb):
to keep up, to hold up,
super-
over, above
superimpose (verb):
to place something on top of something else
syn-, sym-
together, at the same time
synchronous (adjective):
happening at the same time
sympathy (noun):
sharing another person's feelings, compassion
trans-
across, beyond, change
transform (verb):
to change shape
tri-
three
tripod (noun):
a three-legged stand
un-
not, against, opposite
unceasing (adjective):
never ending, continuous
uni-
one
uniform (adjective):
having the same form or consistancy
Suffixes
-acy, -cy
Noun: state or quality
privacy:
the state of being alone
infancy:
the state of being a baby or young child
-age
Noun: activity, or result of action
courage :
having the spirit to overcome fear
-al
Noun: action, result of action
referral :
the action of directing a person to another place, person or thing
-an
Noun: person
artisan :
a craftsperson
-ance, -ence
Noun: action, state, quality or process
resistance :
the action of opposing something
independence:
the state of not being under the control of others, free, self-governing
-ancy, -ency
Noun: state, quality or capacity
vacancy :
an empty room or position
agency:
the capacity to exert power or influence, a position or person that performs a function
-ant, -ent
Noun: an agent, something that performs the action
disinfectant :
an agent that destroys germs, somthing that cleans
dis + in + fect + ant
dependent:
a thing supported by another, a thing determined by another
-ate
Noun: state, office, fuction
candidate :
a person nominated for an office or position
-ation
Noun: action, resulting state
specialization :
the result of being distinguished by one quality or ability
-dom
Noun: place, state of being
wisdom :
possessing knowledge
-er, -or
Noun: person or thing that does something
porter :
a person who carries things
collector:
a person who collects or gathers things
-ful
Noun: an amount or quanity that fills
mouthful :
an amount that fills the mouth
-ian, an
Noun: related to, one that is
pedestrian :
a person who walks
human:
a person
-ia
Noun: names, diseases
phobia :
an illogical fear of something
-iatry
Noun: art of healing
psychiatry :
branch of medicine that deals with the mind and emotions
-ic, ics
Noun: related to the arts and sciences
arithmetic :
a branch of math that usually deals with non-negative numbers
economics:
the social science related to studying business
-ice
Noun: act
malice :
the desire to do evil
-ing
Noun: material made for, activity, result of an activity
flooring :
a material made for floors
swimming:
the activity of swimming or moving through water
building:
the result of making a structure
-ion
Noun: condition or action
abduction :
the action of carrying someone away by force
-ism
Noun: doctrine, belief, action or conduct
formalism :
a belief in sticking to prescribed forms or artistic styles
-ist
Noun: person or member
podiatrist :
a foot doctor
-ite
Noun: product or part
graphite :
a black material used in making pencils
-ity, ty
Noun: state or quality
lucidity :
clear thinking
novelty:
something new or unusual
-ive
Noun: condition
native :
a person born in a specific place
-ment
Noun: condition or result
document :
an official paper usually showinf proof or evidence of something
-ness
Noun: state, condition, quality
kindness :
the quality of being kind or nice
-or
Noun: condition or activity
valor :
bravery, courage
-ory
Noun: place for, serves for
territory :
an area around a place
-ship
Noun: status, condition
relationship :
the state of being related or connected to something or someone
-ure
Noun: act, condition, process, function
exposure :
the condition of being exposed or unprotected
-y
Noun: state, condition, result of an activity
society :
companionship
victory:
the result of winning something
VERBS
Verbs make statements about nouns, ask questions, give commands, or show states of being. Verbs can be active or passive. Verbs also show tense or time of action.
-ate
Verb: cause to be
graduate :
to give a degree to, to pass from one stage to the next
-ed
Verb: past tense
attained :
something that has been reached or grasped
-en
Verb: to cause to become
moisten :
to cause to become moist or damp
-er, -or
Verb: action
ponder :
to think about
clamor:
to make noise, to call for loudly
-ify
Verb: cause
specify :
to name or indicate in detail
-ing
Verb: present participle
depicting :
showing, describing with images or pictures
-ize
Verb: cause
fantasize :
to dream about something, to create images in the mind
-ure
act
Verb: conjecture :
to come to a conclusion by supposition or guesswork
ADJECTIVES
Adjectives describe or modify nouns. Adjectives tell the reader more about the noun used in the sentence.
-able, -ible
Adjective: worth, ability
solvable :
able to be solved or explained
incredible:
not able to be believed, amazing
-al, -ial, -ical
Adjective: quality, relation
structural :
related to the physical make up of a thing
territorial:
related to nearby or local areas
categorical:
related to a category, aboslute
-ant, -ent, -ient
Adjective: kind of agent, indication
important :
marked by worth
dependent:
determined or relying upon something else
convenient:
at hand, easy to use
-ar, -ary
Adjective: resembling, related to
spectacular :
related to something that is eye-catching or amazing
unitary :
related to units or single groups representing quantities
-ate
Adjective: kind of state
inviolate :
not disturbed, pure
-ed
Adjective: having the quality of
terraced :
having terraces or steps
-en
Adjective: material
silken :
made from silk, a fiber produced by worms
-er
Adjective: comparative
brighter :
more light
-est
Adjective: superlative
strongest :
having the most strength
-ful
Adjective: having, giving, marked by
fanciful :
marked by imagination
-ic
Adjective: quality, relation
generic :
related to a whole group
-ile
Adjective: having the qualities of
projectile :
something thrown with an outside force
-ing
Adjective: activity
cohering :
the act of sticking together
-ish
Adjective: having the character of
newish :
modern, recent
-ive, -ative, -itive
Adjective: having the quality of
festive :
having the quality of a festival or party
cooperative :
being able or willing to work with another person or thing
sensitive:
easily felt, responsive to the senses
-less
Adjective: without, missing
motiveless :
a reason for someone to do something
-ous, -eous, -ose, -ious
Adjective: having the quality of, relating to
adventurous :
charcterized by the desire to seek new experiences or risks
courageous :
characterized by courage, brave
verbose:
having more words than needed
fractious:
characterized by being difficult or troublesome
-y
Adjective: marked by, having
hungry : by a desire
having hunger, marked
ADVERBS
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
-fold
Adverb: in a manner of, marked by
fourfold :
being four times as great