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326 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ABATE
to lessen in intensity or degree
ABERRANT
deviating from the norm
ABJURE
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
ABROGATE
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
ABSCISSION
act of cutting off or removing
ABSCOND
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
ACCOLADE
an expression of priase; an award
ACCRETION
growth, increase by succesive addition, building up
ACERBIC
having a sour or bitter taste or character
ACUMEN
quick, keen, or accurate knowledge or insight
ADMONISH
to reprove; to express warning or disapproval
ADRIOT
adept, dexterous
ADULATION
excessive praise; intense adoration
ADULTERATE
to reduce purity by combingin with inferior ingredients
ADUMBRATE
to foreshadow vaguely, intimate, suggest, or outline sketchily
AESTHETIC
dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
AGGRANDIZE
to increase in intensity, power, or prestige; to make appear greater
ALACRITY
eager and enthusiastic willingness
ALCHEMY
a medieval science aimed at transmutation of metals, especially base metals into gold; any magical or wonderful transformation
ALLOY
to commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior
AMALGAMATE
to combine several elements into a whole
AMELIORATE
to make better or more tolerable
AMENABLE
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
ANACHRONISM
something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
ANATHEMA
a solemn or ecclesiastical (religious) curse; accursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing
ANODYNE
soothing
ANOMALY
deviation from the normal order, form, or rule; abnormality
ANTIPATHY
aversion, dislike
ANTITHETICAL
diametrically opposed, as in antithesis
APOCRYPHAL
of dubious authenticity or origin; spurious
APOGEE
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
APOSTATE
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions, a betrayer of a cause
APOTHEOSIS
deification, glorification to godliness, the perfect example
APPOSITE
appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apropos
APPRISE
give notice to, inform
APPROBATION
an expression of approval or praise
APPROPRIATE
to take for one's own use, confiscate
ARABESQUE
complex, ornate design
ARCANE
mysterious, abstruse, esoteric, knowable only to initiates
ARCHAIC
outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive time
ARDUOUS
strenuous, taxing, requiring significant effort
ARRANT
impudent; in every way, being completely such, barefaced, utter
ARREST
to suspend; to engage
ARTLESS
completely without guile; natural, without artificiality
ASCETIC
one who practices rigid self-denail, especially as an act of religious devotion
ASPERITY
severity, rigor; roughness, harshness; acrimony, irritability
ASPERSION
an act of defamation or maligning
ASSIDUOUS
diligent, hard-working
ASSUAGE
to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
ASTRINGENT
having a tightening effect on living tissue; hars; severe
ATTENUATE
to rarefy, weaken or make thinner, lessen
AUDACIOUS
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
AUGURY
omen, portent, the reading of omens
AUGUST
majestic, venerable
AUSPICE
protection or support, patronage
AUSPICIOUS
favorable, propitious, successful, prosperous
AUSTERE
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
AVARICE
greed, especially for wealth
AVER
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
AXIOM
a universally recognized principle; a generally accepted or common saying
AXIOMATIC
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
BALEFUL
sinister, pernicious, ominous
BANE
cause of injury, source of harm; source of persistent frustration
BEATIFY
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to; to regard as saintly
BEDIZEN
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner; festoon, caparison
BELIE
to give a false impression of, to misrepresent
BELLICOSE
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
BENT
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
BLANDISH
to coax with flattery, toady or fawn
BLITHE
carefree, merry
BOISTEROUS
loud, noisy, rough, lacking restraint
BOLSTER
to provide support or reinforcement
BOMBASTIC
pompous; grandiloquent
BOOR
a rude or insensitive person; lout; yokel
BROACH
bring up, announce, begin to talk about
BROOK
to tolerate, endure, countenance
BUCOLIC
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
BURGEON
to grow rapidly or flourish
BURNISH
to polish, rub to a shine
BYZANTINE
labrynthine, complex
CACOPHONY
harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
CADGE
to sponge, beg, or mooch
CAJOLE
to inveigle, coax, wheedle, sweet-talk
CALUMNIATE
to slander, make a false accusation
CANON
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
CAPRICIOUS
inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable
CARDINAL
of basic importance or consequence; primary
CARET
an inserion mark (^) used by editors and proofreaders
CASTIGATION
sever criticism or punishment
CATALYST
a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change
CAUSTIC
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
CENSURE
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
CHARY
wary; cautious; sparing
CHASTEN
to chastise or correct; subdue
CHAUVINIST
one blindly devoted to a group of which one is a member
CHICANERY
trickery or subterfuge
CHIMERA
an illusion; originally, an imaginary fire-breathing she-monster
CHURLISH
boorish, vulgar, loutish; difficult and intractable
COALESCE
to come together; to fuse or unite
CODA
concluding section to a musical or literary piece, something that concludes or completes
COGENT
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
COLOR
to change as if by dyeing, influence, distort, or gloss over
COMMENSURATE
matching, corresponding, or proportionate in degree, size, amount or other property
COMPLAISANCE
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
CONNOISSEUR
an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
CONSEQUENTIAL
pompous, self-important
CONTEMN
to scorn or despise
CONTENTIOUS
argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
CONTIGUOUS
sharing a border; touching; adjacent
CONTRITE
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
CONVENTION
a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude
CONVOLUTED
complex or complicated
CORRIGIBLE
capable of being set right, correctable, reparable
COUNTENANCE
to approve of or tolerate
COZEN
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
CRAVEN
contemptibly fainthearted, pusillanimous, lacking any courage
CREDULOUS
tending to believe too readily; gullible
CULPABLE
deserving blame
CYNICISM
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
DAMP
to diminish the intensity or check something, such as a sound or feeling
DAUNT
to intimidate or dismay
DEARTH
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; lack
DEBACLE
rout, fiasco, complete failure
DECORUM
politeness or appropriateness of conduct or behavior
DEMUR
to question or oppose
DENIGRATE
blacken, belittle, sully, defame, disparage
DENOUEMENT
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
DEPRECATE
to disparage or belittle
DEPREDATE
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
DERISION
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
DERIVATIVE
unoriginal, obtained from another source
DESICCATE
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
DESUETUDE
disuse
DESULTORY
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose
DETRACTION
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
DIAPHANOUS
transparent, gauzy
DIATRIBE
a harsh denunciation
DIDACTIC
intended to teach or instruct
DIE
a tool used for shaping
DIFFIDENT
reserved, shy, unassuming; lacking in self-confidence
DENIGRATE
blacken, belittle, sully, defame, disparage
DENOUEMENT
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
DEPRECATE
to disparage or belittle
DEPREDATE
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
DERISION
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
DERIVATIVE
unoriginal, obtained from another source
DESICCATE
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
DESUETUDE
disuse
DESULTORY
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose
DETRACTION
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
DIAPHANOUS
transparent, gauzy
DIATRIBE
a harsh denunciation
DIDACTIC
intended to teach or instruct
DIE
a tool used for shaping
DIFFIDENT
reserved, shy, unassuming; lacking in self-confidence
DIGRESS
to stray from the point; to go off on a tangent
DILATORY
causing delay, procrastinating
DILETTANTE
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
DIN
loud sustained noise
DISABUSE
to undeceive; to set right
DISCOMFIT
to defeat, put down
DISCORDANT
conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
DISCRETION
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
DISINTERESTED
free from self-interest; unbiased
DISPARAGE
to slight or belittle
DISPARATE
fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
DISSEMBLE
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
DISSOLUTION
disintegration, looseness in morals
DISTRAIT
distracted; absent-minded, especially due to anxiety
DIVULGE
to disclose something secret
DOGGEREL
trivial, poorly constructed verse
DOGMATIC
authoritatively and or arrogantly assertive of principles, which often cannot be proved; stubbornly opinionated
DROSS
slag, waste or foreign matter, impurity, surface scum
DULCET
melodious, harmonious, mellifluous
DYNAMO
generator; forceful, energetic person
EBULLIENCE
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
ECCENTRIC
departing from norms or conventions
ECLECTIC
composed of elements drawn from various sources
EDIFYING
enlightening, informative
EFFRONTERY
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
EFFUSIVE
gushing; excessively demonstrative
EGRESS
exit
ELEGY
a mournful poem, especially one lamenting the dead; any mournful writing or piece of music
ELOQUENT
well-spoken; expressive; articulate
EMOLLIENT
soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
EMPIRICAL
based on observation or experiment
ENCOMIUM
glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric, tribute, eulogy
ENDEMIC
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people; restricted to or peculiar to that region; indigenuous
ENERVATE
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
ENGENDER
to cause, produce, give rise to
ENIGMATIC
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
ENNUI
dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
ENORMITY
excessive wickedness; evilness
EPHEMERAL
brief; fleeting, short-lived
EPICURE
one devoted to sensual pleasure, particularly in food and drink; gourmand, sybarite
EPISODIC
loosely connected, not flowing logically, occurring at intervals
EPITHET
disparaging word or phrase
EPITOME
embodiment; quinessence
EQUANIMITY
composure, self-possesion
EQUIVOCATE
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
ERRANT
traveling, itinerant, peripatetic
ERUDITE
very learned; scholarly
ESCHEW
to shun or avoid
ESOTERIC
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
ESSAY
to test or try; attempt, experiment
ESTIMABLE
worthy, formidable
EULOGY
a speech honoring the dead
EVANESCENT
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
EVINCE
to show clearly, to indicate
EXACERBATE
to make worse or more severe
EXACT
to demand, call for, require, take
EXCORIATE
to censure scathingly, to upbraid
EXCULPATE
exonerate; to clear of blame
EXEMPLAR
typical or standard specimen; paradigm, model
EXHORT
to incite, to make urgent appeal
EXIGENT
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
EXONERATE
to remove blame
EXPATIATE
discuss or write about at length; to range freely
EXPIATE
to atone or make amends for
EXPURGATE
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
EXTANT
existing, not destroyed or lost
EXTEMPORANEOUS
improvised; done without preparation
EXTIRPATE
to destroy, exterminate, cut out, pull out by the roots
FACETIOUS
playful; humorous; not serious
FALLACY
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
FALLOW
untilled, inactive, dormant
FATUOUS
silly, inanely foolish
FAWN
to flatter or praise excessively
FECKLESS
ineffectual; irresponsible
FELICITOUS
apt; suitably expressed, well chosen, apropos; delightful
FELL
a barren or stony hill; an animal's hide
FERVENT
greatly emotional or zealous
FETID
stinking, having a heavy bad smell
FETTER
to shackle, put in chains, restrain
FILIBUSTER
intentional obstruction, usually using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
FILIGREE
an ornamental work, especially of delicate lacelike patterns; resembling such a pattern
FLAG
to sag or droop, to become spiritless, to decline
FLIP
sarcastic, impertinent
FLORID
flushed with color, ruddy, ornate
FLOUT
to demonstrate contempt for
FOMENT
to stir up, incite, rouse
FORBEARANCE
patience, willingness to wait
FORD
to wade across the shallow part of a river or stream
FORESTALL
to act in a way to hinder, exclude or prevent an action; to circumvent or thwart
FORSWEAR
to renounce, disallow, repudiate
FORTUITOUS
happening by fortunate accident or chance
FRACAS
noisy fight or quarrel, brawl
FRACTIOUS
quarrelsome, rebellious, unruly, cranky
FROWARD
intractable, not willing to yield or comply, stubbornly disobedient
FULMINATE
to attack loudly or denounce
FURTIVE
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
GAINSAY
to deny, dispute, contradict, oppose
GAMBOL
to skip about playfully,k frolic
GARNER
to gather and save, store up, acquire
GARRULOUS
pointlessly talkative, talking too much
GAUCHE
crude, awkward, tasteless
GERMANE
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
GLIB
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
GOSSAMER
delicate, insubstantial or tenuous; insincere
GRANDILOQUENCE
pompous speech or expression
GREGARIOUS
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
GROUSE
to complain or grumble
GUILE
trickery, duplicity, cunning
GUY
a rope or cord attached to something as a brace or guide
HACKNEYED
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
HALCYON
calm and peaceful, prosperous
HARANGUE
to deliver a loud, pompous speech or tirade
HARROW
to distress, create stress or torment
HEDONISM
devotion to pleasurable pursuits, especially pleasures of the senses
HEGEMONY
the consistent dominance or influence of one group, state, or ideology over others
HERETICAL
violating accepted dogma or convention, unorthodox
HERMETIC
airtight, impervious to outside influence
HETERODOX
unorthodox, heretical, iconoclastic
HIRSUTE
hairy, shaggy
HOMILY
a sermon or morally instructive lecture, a platitude
HUBRIS
arrogant presumption or pride
HYPERBOLE
an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
ICONOCLAST
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
IDOLATROUS
given to intense or excessive devotion to something
IDYLL
a carefree, light-hearted pastoral or romantic episode or experience; a literary or musical piece describing such
IGNOMINIOUS
shameful, dishonorable, ignoble, undignified, disgraceful
IMBROGLIO
difficult or embarrassing situation
IMMINENT
about to happen; impending
IMMUTABLE
not capable of change
IMPASSIVE
revealing no emotion or sensibility
IMPECUNIOUS
lacking funds; without money
IMPERIOUS
commanding, masterful, arrogant, domineering, haughty
IMPERTURBABLE
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
IMPETUOUS
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
IMPLACABLE
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
IMPORTUNE
to ask incessantly, beg, nag
IMPUGN
attack or assail verbally, censure, execrate, deny
IMPUNITY
immunity from punishment, penalty or harm
IMPUTE
to attribute to a cause or source, ascribe, assign as a characteristic
INCHOATE
in an initial stage, not fully formed
INCIPIENT
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
INDEFATIGABLE
not easily exhaustible, tireless, dogged
INDIFFERENT
having no interest or concern, apathetic; showing no bias or prejudice
INDOLENT
lazy, listless, torpid
INELUCTABLE
certain, inevitable
INERT
unmoving, lethargic, sluggish, not reactive chemically
INFELICITOUS
unfortunate; inappropriate
INGENUOUS
artless, frank and candid, lacking in sophistication
INHERENT
ingrained within one's nature, intrinsic, firmly established, essential
INIMICAL
damaging, harmful, injurious, hostile, unfriendly
INIMITABLE
one of a kind, peerless
INIQUITY
wickedness, gross injustice
INNERVATE
to supply with nerves, energize
INNOCUOUS
harmless; causing no damage
INSCRUTABLE
incapable of being discovered or understood
INSENSIBLE
unconscious, unresponsive, unaware, unaffected, numb
INSIPID
without taste or flavor, lacking in spirit, dull
INSOUCIANT
unconcerned, carefree, nonchalant
INSULAR
parochial, narrow-minded, like an island
INTERDICT
prohibit, forbid, ban, halt
INTIMATE
to imply, suggest or insinuate
INTRACTABLE
not easily managed or directed, stubborn, obstinate
INTRANSIGENT
refusing to compromise
INTREPID
steadfast, courageous
INURED
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
INVEIGH
to attack verbally, denounce, deprecate
INVEIGLE
to obtain by deception or flattery
INVETERATE
deep rooted, ingrained, habitual
IRASCIBLE
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
ITINERATE
to travel from place to place
JEJUNE
vapid, uninteresting; childish, immature; lacking nutrition