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274 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
attrition
a gradual loss; natural or accepted decrease in number and size
dearth
a lack, a scarcity
frugal
economical, penny-pinching
minuscule
tiny, very small
munificent
generous, lavish
nominal
insignificant or small
parsimony
stinginess
paucity
scarcity, insufficiency
penury
poverty
prodigious
enormous, extraordinary
prodigy
a gifted child
proliferate
to spread or grow rapidly
squander
to waste
acrid
bitter; stinging, or caustic
adulation
wild or excessive admiration
affinity
attraction; sympathy; kinship; similarity
kinship
human relationship: by blood or marriage
alacrity
cheerful eagerness; briskness; readiness to respond
bane
posion; torment; cause of harm
confluence
a flowing together, a convergence
deride
to ridicule or laugh at contemptuously
derogatory
disapproving; degrading
narcissism
an abiding love of oneself, self - admiration
nihilism
total reject of social mores
annihilate
to completely destroy
predilection
a natural preference; liking
prudent
having foresight; being careful or wise
rancor
bitter, long-lasting ill will or resentment
resentment
ill feeling
revere
to respect highly, to honor
vilify
to vile, to defame
acerbic
bitter; sour, severe
affable
easygoing
affability
graciousness, friendliness
altruism
selflesness, generosity, serving others without expectation of person gain
altruistic
charitable, selfless
altruist
benefactor
amiable
friendly, genuinely likeable (often used to describe a relationship)
avuncular
kindly, like an understanding uncle
belligerent
combative, quarrelsome, warlike; (combatant)
bellerigerence
aggression, animosity
caustic
corrosive, burning like acid
chicanery
deceitful, underhanded behavior (especially legal or political)
congenial
aggreeably suitable, pleasant
genial
pleasing, kind, sympathetic, helpful
congenital
hereditary, inborn, natural
contentious
argumentative, quarrelsome
synic
one who deeply distrusts human nature, pessimist
cynical
suspicious and negative
synicism
distrust, grumpiness, pessimism
gregarious
sociable, outgoing, friendly
insidious
treacherous and sneaky
largess
generosity on a big scale, as well as the gift itself
pejorative
negative and disparaging
philanthropy
love of humankind as expressed by the willingness to do good deeds
philanthropic
benevolent, charitable, generous
philanthropist
humanitarian
misanthropy
a hatred or distrust of humankind
misanthropic
hatred; dislake, or distrust of humankind
vitriol
sulfuric acid; something caustic or severe in effect
vitriolic
expressing bitter hatred; nasty; burning like acid
abridge
to shorten, to condense
abridged
shortened, condensed
abridgment
a shortened or condensed form of a book, speech
augment
to make bigger, to add to, to increase
augmentation
an enlargement, an expansion
brevity
briefness
chronic
constant; lasting a long time (usually associated with something negative and undesirable)
circuitous
roundabout, rambling, indirect
circumlocution
an indirect or evasive expression; workiness
circumlocutory
indirect, wordy, vague
concise
brief and to the point
concision
briefness, succinctness
copious
abundant, plentiful
curtail
to shorten, to cut short
laconic
using few words (almost to the point of rudeness)
perfunctory
careless and without enthusiasm
ponderous
so massive as to be clumsy or heavy; so long as to be dull (speeches, ideas)
profuse
flowing; extravagant
profusion
an excess, an abundance
protract
to prolong, lengthen
protracted
extended, prolonged
provisional
conditional, temporary, tentative
terse
using no unnecessary words, very succinct
terseness
briefness, succinctness
acquiesce
to comply passively; to assent quietly; to agree
acquiescence
consent, submission
allocate
distribute; to assign; to allot
apprehensive
anxious or worried (from feeling powerless)
apprehension
a sense of fear or hesitation
ascendancy
supremacy, domination
ascendant
superior, dominant
autocratic
ruling with absolute authority; extremely bossy
autocracy
a system run by a person with absolute authority
capitulate
to give up or give in, to surrender
chagrin
humiliation; embarrassed disappointment
chagrined
mortified, humiliated
chastise
to punish, to discipline
daunt
to make fearful, to intimidate
daunting
intimidating
undaunted, dauntless
confident; fearless courageous; determined, resolute
deference
submissiveness to another's will
deference
to submit, to refer; to detain, to postpone
deferential
considerate, respectful
demagogue
a manipulative leader, a rabble-rouser
diffident
timid, lacking self-confidence, shy, unassuming
imperial
regal, stately (like an emperor or empire)
imperious
bossy, arrogant, overbearing
servile
submissive, like a servant, slavish
servility
submissiveness
supercilious
haughty and patronizing
sycophant
a self-serving flatterer, one who is servile to people with power
sycophantic
fawning, ingratiating
admonish
to warn; to express disapproval
admonishment
warning, caution, censure
alleviate
to relieve (usually temporarily or imcompletely)
ameliorate
to improve, to make more tolerable
anguish
agonizing physical, mental, or emotional pain; to suffer
appease
to aoothe or pacify by giving in
approbation
approval, praise
disapprobation
disapproval, objection
contrite
admitting guilt, remorseful
contrition
guilt, regret, repentance
debilitate
to weaken, to cripple
debility
weakness, disability
debilitating
weakening, injurious
reparation
repair(n) amends, repair, compensation for wrong
reprisal
military action taken in revenge for another; the act of taking "an eye for an eye"
reproach
to scold (usually from disappointment), to blame, to disgrace
irreproachable
blameless; flawless, impeccable
respite
a period of rest or relief
salutary
healthful, curative, remedial
sanguine
cheerful; optimistic, hopeful
sanguinary
bloodthirsty; bloody
subjugate
to subdue; to dominate, to enslave
venerate
to revere, to treat as holy (especially because of great age)
venerable
worthy of being esteemed, praiseworthy
vex
to annoy, to pester, to confuse
vexation
aggravation, nuisance, annoying puzzlement
apocryphal
of doubtful authenticity; fictitious, mythical
artifice
a clever trick; cunning, guile
axiom
a self-evident rule or truth, a widely accepted saying
belie
to contradict, to give a false impression of
contrived
artificial, labored, forced
definitive
conclusive, providing the last word
delude
to deceive, to trick
delusion
a fantasy, a misconception
duplicity
the act of being two-faced or double-dealing, a deception
duplicitous
double-crossing, underhanded, deceitful
mendacious
lying, dishonest
mendacity
deceit, falsehood
postulate
something accepted as true without proof; to present an idea as truth
precept
a rule to live by; a principle establishing behavior
premise
an assumption or basis for a conclusion
putative
commonly accepted, supposed, or reputed (but not proven)
spurious
false beyond a doubt, fake
veracity
truthfulness
verisimilitude
the appearance of truth, similarity to reality
anomaly
irregularity, abnormality, deviation
anomalous
abnormal, unconventional
apotheosis
ideal, the perfect or divine version
awry
off course; twisted to one side
banal
unoriginal, ordinary, dull
banality
tritenness, an unoriginal statement
consummate
perfect, complete, supreme; to finish, to complete
degenerate
to break down, to deteriorate
degenerate
a person whose behavior has declined morally
empirical
based on experience or observation
exemplify
to illustrate by example; to serve as a good example
exemplar
an ideal model
exemplary
outstanding and worthy of imitation
gratuitous
unprovoded, unsolicited, uncalled for and freely given out (in a negative sense)
gratuity
a tip, a reward
idiosyncratic
peculiar, eccentric
inane
silly or senselss
inanity
silliness, shallowness, idiocrasy
profound
deep, meaningful
profundity
depth, the quality of being profound
quixotic
romatic or idealistic to a foolish degree
replete
completely filled, abounding
repletion
saturation;abundance
sacrosanct
sacred, untouchable, unassailable
singular
unique, extraordinary, exceptional, strange
singularity
a unique occurrence; the quality of being unique
sublime
awe-inspiring, extremely high, lofty, and majestic
sublimity
magnificence, divinity
subliminal
subconscious
adage
an old saying, a familiar bit of wisdom
antecedent
an earlier, more primitive model (person or thing) for that which came after; preceding, going efore
beget
to give birth to, to create; to lead to; to cause
broach
to bring up a subject (usually a delicate one); an ornamental clasp or pin (also spelled brooch)
conventional
common, customary, unexceptional
convention
custom, or proactice; an assembly, a conference
novel
new and original; a work of fiction
novelty
originality, uniqueness (also a souvenir or trinket)
precedent
an earlier, similar example of someone or something
unprecedented
not done or known before; entirely new
precursor
a forerunner, a predecessor
provident
prepared for an providing for the future
improvident
negligent; wasteful; failing to provide for the future
renaissance
a rebirth, a revitalization
replenish
to fill again, to resupply, to restore
replenishment
a refill, a replacement of stock
rudimentary
basic, crude; unformed or undeveloped
rustic
rural, lacking in urban comforts, primitive; an unsophisticated country person
spawn
to produce a great number; to bring forth
vestige
a last remaining trace
vestigial
like a vestige, pertaining to an earlier form or function
visionary
a dreamer, a person with impractical goals or ideas about the future; idealistic and usually impractical
assimilate
to take in; to absorb; to learn thoroughly
autonomous
indpendent, self-governing
autonomy
freedome, independents
celibacy
abstinence from sex
celibate
chaste, abstaining from sex; one who practices self denial
charisma
the ability to attract followers or inspire loyality; personal magnetism
charismatic
alluring, charming, having charisma
chasm
a deep, gaping hole; a gorge
coalition
a group of people with common purpose( often a political one)
collusion
a conspiracy; a secret cooperation
complacent
sef-satisfied, overly contented with oneself
complicity
participation in wrong-doing; the act of being an accomplice
complicit
involved in something illegal
consonant
harmonious, in agreement
dissonant
inharmonious, discordant
covenant
a solemn oath or pledge; a contract (religious)
polarize
to break into opposing factions or groupings
reciprocal
mutual, shared; interchangeable
reciprocate
give mutually; to repay or return in kind
reciprocity
mutual agreement
recluse
a hermit, a loner
hermit
someone who chooses to live alone
sequester
to set or keep apart
conjecture
to guess based on little evidence
cryptic
mystifying, mysterious, puzzling
delineate
to describe accurately; to draw an outline
discern
to havve insight; to see things clearly; to differentiate
discernment
acumen, perceptoin
perceptible
detectable, a perceptible difference
dubioius
full of doubt, uncertain
dubiety
doubt, skepticism
doctrinaire
stubbornly committed to a faith or idea; an unrealistic theorist; a fanatic
qualify
to modify, to change; to restrict
unqualified
unrestricted; complete
vicissitude
unexpected changes in fortune; variability
sculpt
to carve, model,cast or create a 3d representation of something as a work of art
pillar
column used for support or decoration; somethiing tall and narrow; central figure
caryatid
a supporting colmn sculpted in the form of a woman
celerity
quickness; rapidity
in situ
in ita natural or original place
gad
go out have fun; to go around having fun in a carefree and aimless manner
languorous
listless; sluggish
peregrination
a journey
quagmire
swamp; difficult situation
chthonic
of underworld
diaphanous
sheer, clear, almost transparent
imprecate
curse
inscrutable
yielding little or no information; diffiuclt to understand; mysterious
lapidary
a diamond cutter; related to diamond cutting
lucent
glowing, giving off light
miscreant
a troublemaker, a evildoer
fidelity
loyalty;sexual faithfulness; factual accuracy
nefandous
so terrible as to be unspeakable
obfuscate
make something obscure; to make unclear; to bewilder
rakehell
an evil person;
licentious
sexually immoral
scintillating
giving off sparks; brilliant
tenebrous
dark, gloomy
thaumaturgy
performance of miracles
theodicy
defense of god's goodness despite the existence of evil
acquaint
make aware; introduce somebody
hegira
a journey from one place to a better or more desirable place
peripatetic
going from place to place; walking or traveling about
diaspora
the spreading of people from one central location to points across the globe
gallivant
to go from place to place for fun or pleasure