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58 Cards in this Set

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surreptitious
써 뤕 티쉬 어쓰 3, 남몰래의:The dinner guest ~ly slipped a few silver spoons into his jacket as he was leaving the dining room.
surrogate
써 로우 깉 1, substitute:A ~ mother is a woman who bears a child for someone else. This word is often a noun.A ~ is a substitute.:A kind parent offered to go to prison as a ~ for his son, who had been convicted of extortion.
sycophant
씩 커 펀트 1, 아첨꾼:The French class seemed to be full of ~s; the students were always bringing apples to the teacher and telling her how nice she looked.:A ~ is sycophantic(씨 커 팬 틱 3)
synthesis
씬 떠 씨쓰 1, 종합:It seemed as though the meeting might end in acrimony and confusion until Raymond offered his brilliant ~ of the two diverging points of view.:통합체:A hot fudge sundae is the perfect ~ of hot fudge and vanilla ice cream.
tacit
태 앁 1, 무언의:Mrs.Rodgers never formally asked us to murder her husband, but we truly believed that we were acting with her ~ consent.암묵적인:There was ~ agreement among the men that women had no business at their weekly poker game.
taciturn
태 씨 터얼는 1, 과묵한:The chairman was so ~ that we often discovered that we had absolutely no idea what he was thinking.n.taciturnity
tangential
탠 줸 셜 2, only superficially related to the matter at hand; not esp. relevant; peripheral:The vice president's speech bore only a ~ relationship to the topic that had been announced.:Stuart's connection with our organization is ~; he once made a phone call from the lobby of our building, but he never worked here.:When a writer or speaker "goes off on a tangent," he or she is making a digression or straying from the original topic.
tantamount
탠 터 마운트 1, 같은:Waving a banner for the visiting team at the football game would be ~ to committing suicide; the home-team fans would tear you apart in a minute.
tautological
터어 터 라 저 껄 3, redundant; circular:"When everyone has a camera, cameras will be universal" is a ~ statement, because "everyone having a camera" and "cameras being universal" mean the same thing.:The testing company's definition of intelligence--"that which is measured by intelligence tests"--is ~.:A tautology is a needless repetition of words, or saying the same thing using different words.
temerity
터 메 뤄 티 2, 대담함:Our waiter at the restaurant had the ~ to tell me he thought my table manners were atrocious.:무모함:The mountain climber had more ~ than skill or sense. He tried to climb a mountain that was much too difficult and ended up in a heap at the bottom.
tenable
테 너 벌 1, defensible, as in one's position in an argument; capable of being argued successfully; valid:Members of the Flat Earth Society continue to argue that the earth is flat, although even children dismiss their arguments as not ~.
tenacious
터 네이 쉬어쓰 2, 끈기있는:The foreign student's ~ effort to learn English won him the admiration of all the teachers at our school.:not letting go:Louise's grasp of geometry was not ~. She could handle the simpler problems most of the time, but she fell apart on quizzes and tests.들러붙는:The ivy growing on the side of our house was so ~ that we had to tear the house down to get rid of it.
tenet
테 닛 1, 교의(敎義)(doctrine):The tenet of his religion prevented him from dancing and going to movies.
tentative
텐 터 팁 1, 시험삼아 하는:George made a ~ effort to paint his house by himself; he slapped some paint on the front door and his clothes, tipped over the bucket, and called a professional.불확실한:Our plans for the party are ~ at this point, but we are considering hiring a troupe of accordionists to play polkas while our guests are eating dessert.
tenuous
텐 유 어쓰 1, flimsy:The organization's financial situation has always been ~; the balance of the checking account is usually close to zero.:extremely thin:The hostess's ~ gown, which had been made from a sheet of clear plastic, certainly made her popular witih her male guests.:To attenuate isi to make thin.:Extenuating circumstances are those that lessen the magnitude of something, especially a crime.:Percy admitted that he stole the Cracker Jacks but claimed that there were extenuating circumstances: he had no money to buy food for his pet armadillo.
terse
털쓰 using no unnecessary words; succinct:The new recording secretary's minutes([pl.] 의사록 ) were so ~ that they were occasionally cryptic.:~ness is not one of Rex's virtues; he would talk until the crack of dawn if someone didn't stop him.
tirade
타이 뤠읻 1, 열변:Perry launched into a ~ against imitation cheese on the school lunch menu.
torpor
토얼 펄 1, 휴면상태:After consuming the guinea pig, the boa constrictor fell into a state of contented ~ that lasted several days.무관심:The math teacher tried to reduce the ~ of his students by banging on his desk, but the students scarcely blinked.adj.torpid
touchstone
터취 스토운 1, 시금석(이 돌로 금은의 순도를 시험한 데서 n. 시금석;)The size of a student's vocabulary is a useful touchstone for judging the quality of his or her education.
tout
타웉 praise highly; to brag publicly about:Advertisements ~ed the chocolate-flavored toothpaste as getting rid of your sweet tooth while saving your teeth.
transcend
트뤤 쎈드 2, 초월하다:The man who claimed to have invented a perpetual motion machine believed that he had ~ed the laws of physics.:to be transcendant is to be surpassing or preeminent. Something transcendant is transcendental(트뤤 쎈 덴 털 3)
transgress
트뤤쓰 그뤠쓰 2, 어기다:The other side had ~ed so many provisions of the treaty that we had no choice but to go to war.n.transgression
transient
트뤤 지 언트/트뤤 쉬언트 1, 일시적인:The ~ breeze provided some relief from the summer heat, but we were soon perspiring(발한하다) again.잠깐 머무르는:A hotel's inhabitants are ~; they come and go and dthe population changes every night.:Transient can also be a noun. A transient person is sometimes called a ~. Hobo(뜨내기일꾼)es, mendicant(탁발수도사)s, and other homeless people are often called transient.A very similar word is transitory, which means not lasting very long. A transient breeze might provide transitory relief from the heat.:The breeze didn't stay very long; the relief didn't last very long.
trepidation
트뤠 퍼 데이 션 3, 전율:The nursery school students were filled with ~ when they saw the other children in their class dressed in their Halloween costumes.떨림:The ~ of the swimming team was readily apparent: their knees were knocking as they lined up along the edge of the pool.:To be fearless is to be intrepid.(인트 뤠 피 2)
turpitude
털 퍼 툳 2, 비열함:Paul was sacked by his boss because of a flagrant act of ~: he was caught stealing office supplies.
ubiquitous
유 비 꿔 터쓰 2, 어디에나있는:The new beer commercial was ~--it seemed to be on every television channel at once.:To be ~ is to be characterized by ubiquity(유 비 꿔 티 2)The ubiquity of fast-food restaurants is one of the more depressing features of American culture.
unconscionable
언 칸 쉬어 너 벌 2, 파렴치한:Leaving a small child unattended all day long is an ~ act.
unctuous
엉ㅋ 추 어쓰 1, oily, both literally and figuratively; insincere:Salad oil is literally ~. A used car salesman might be figurativelly ~--that is, oily in the sense of being slick, sleazy, and insincere.
unremitting
언 뤼 미 팅 3, 끊임없는:Superman waged an ~ battle against evildoers everywhere.
unwitting
언 위 팅 2, unintentional고의가아닌:When Leo agreed to hold open the door of the bank, he became an ~ accomplice to the bank robbery.모르는:On the camping trip, Josephine ~ly stepped into a bear trap and remained stuck in it for several days.
urbane
얼 베인 2, 세련된:The British count was witty and ~; all the hosts and hostesses wanted to have him at their parties.도시적인:The new magazine was far too ~ to appeal to a wide audience outside the big city.n.urbanity얼 배 너 티 2, is a quality more often acquired in an urban setting than in a rural one.
usurp
유 썰프 2, 가로채다:The children believed that their mother's new boyfriend had ~ed their real father's rightful place in their family.n.usurpation(유 썶 페이 션 3)
utilitarian
유 틸 러 태어 뤼 언 4, 실용적인:Jason's interior-decorating philosophy was strictly ~; if an object wasn't genuinely useful, he didn't want it in his home.
vacillate
배 썰 레잍 1, 주저하다:We invited James to spend Thanksgiving with us, but he ~ed for so long about whether he would be able to come that we finally became annoyed and disinvited him.n.vacillation.
vapid
붸 삗 1, 지리한:The novelist's prose was so ~ that Mary couldn't get beyond the first page.
vehement
비 어 먼트 1, 극렬한:Shaking his fist and stomping his foot, Gerry was ~ in his denial.n.vehemence
venal
비 널 1, 부패한:The ~ judge reversed his favorable ruling when the defendant refused to make good on his promised bribe.:타산적인:The young man's interest in helping the sick old woman was strictly ~; he figured that if he was kind to her, she would leave him a lot of money in her will.A ~ person is a person characterized by venality.cf.venial 비 니 얼 1, trivial or pardonable(용서될만한)
veracity
붜 뤠 써 티 2, 진실함:The ~ of young George Washington is legendary, but it may be apocryphal(진짜가아닌).adj.veracious(버 뤠이 쉬어쓰 2, truthful)
verbose
벌 보우즈 2, using too many words; not succinct; circumlocatory:Someone who is ~ uses too many words when fewer words would suffice.:Lee handed in a 178-word final assignment; no one ever accused him of verbosity(벌 바 써 티 2)
verisimilitude
버 뤄 씨 밀 러 툳 4, similarity to reality; the appearance of truth; looking like the real thing:They used pine cones and old truck tires to make statues of Hollywood celebrities that were remarkable for their ~.:The ~ of conterfeit eleven-dollar bills did not fool the eagle-eyed treasury officer, who recognized them immediately for what they were.
vernacular
벌 내 뀰 럴 2, everyday speech; slang; idiom:Our teacher said that we should save our ~ for the street; in the classroom we should use proper grammar.
vestige
배스 티쥐 1, 흔적:The unhappy young man found ~s of his fiancee in the rubble, but the explosion had effectively ended their romance.자취:An old uniform and a tattered scrapbook were the only vestiges of the old man's career as a professional athelete.adj.vestigial 베스 티 쥐 얼 2, The appendix is referred to as a vestigial organ.It is still in our bodies, although it no longer has a function.
vex
벡쓰 성가시게하다:Margaret ~ed me by poking me with a long, sharp stick.: 난처하게 하다Stuck at the bottom of a deep well, I found my situation extremely ~ing.:The act of vexing, or the state of being ~ed, is ~ation. Both the person who ~es and the person who is vexed can be said to be exhibit ~ation.
vicarious
바이 케어 뤼 어쓰 2, experienced, performed, or suffered through someone else; living through the experiences of another as though they were one's own experiences:To take ~ pleasure in someone else's success is to enjoy that person's success as though it were your own.:We all felt a ~ thrill when the mayor's daughter won fourth prize in the regional kick-boxing competition.
vicissitude
비 씨 써 툳 2, 파란만장함:The ~ of the stock market were too much for Karen;she decided to look for a job that would stay the same from one day to the next.:교체:The ~ of the local political machine(기구) were such that one could never quite be certain whom one was supposed to bribe.
vilify
빌 러 파이 1, to say vile(상스러운) things about:The teacher was reprimanded for ~ing the slow student in front of the rest of the class.:Our taxi driver paused briefly on the way to the airport in order to ~ thte driver of the car that had nearly forced him off the road.:The political debate was less a debate than a vilification contest. At first the candidates took turns saying nasty things about one another; then they stopped taking turns.
vindictive
빈 딕 팁 2, 복수하고싶은:Jeremy apologized for dent(움푹 들어가게하다)ing the fender(흙받이) of my car, but I was feeling ~ so I filed a $30 million lawsuit against him.:To feel ~ is to be filled with ~ness.
virtuoso
벌 추 우오우 쏘우 3, 거장:The concert audience fell silent whwen the ~ stepped forward to play the sonata on his electric banjo.
virulent
뷔 럴 런트 1, 전염성이강한:The ~ disease quickly swept through the community, leaving many people dead and many more people extremely ill.:맹독성의:The snake was a member of a particularly ~ breed; its bite could kill an elephant.:증오심에찬:Jonathan is a ~ antifeminist; he says that all women should sit down and shut up and do what he tells them to.:To be ~ is to be characterized by virulence. ~ is related to virus, not to virile, which means manly.
visionary
비쥐 어 너어 뤼 1, 몽상가:My uncle was a ~, not a businessman; he spent too much time tinkering with his antigravity generator and not enough time working in his plumbing business.:꿈같은:A ~ proposal is an idealistic and usually impractical proposal.
vitiate
비쉬 이 에잍 1, 오염시키다:to make impure; to pollute:For years a zealous group of individuals has campaigned against the use of fluoride in water, claiming that it has ~ed our bodies as well as our morals.
vitriolic
비 트뤼 알 릭 3, 신랄한:The review of the new book was so ~ that we all wondered whether the reviewer had some personal grudge against the author.:Vitriol is another name for sulfuric acid. To be ~ is to say or do something so nasty that your words or actions burn like acid.
vociferous
보우 씨 풔 뤄쓰 2, 고함치는:Randy often becomes ~ during arguments. He doesn't know what he believes, but he states it loudly nevertheless.
volition
보우 리쉬 언 2, 의지:Insects, lacking ~, simply aren't as interesting as humans are.:conscious choice:The question the jury had to answer was whether the killling had been an accident or an act of ~.
wanton
와한 턴 1, malicious; unjustifiable; unprovoked; egregious:Terrorists commit ~ acts on a helpless populace to make their point.:~ also means intemperate 무절제한:A hedonist lives a ~ life in the relentless, unremitting pursuit of pleasure; an ascetic does not.
willful
윌 풀 1, 계획적인:The mother insisted that the killing committed by her son had not been willful, but the jury apparently believed that he had known what he was doing.제맘대로의:When her mother told her she couldn't have a cookie, the ~ little girl simply snatched the cookie jar and ran out of the room with it. She had stolen the cookies willfully.
wistful
위스트 풀 1, 동경하는:I felt ~ when I saw Steve's fancy new car. I wished that I had enough money to buy one for myself.
zealous
젤 러스 1, 열성적인:The ~ young policeman made so many arrests that the city jail soon became overcrowded.:To be ~ is to be full of zeal, or fervent enthusiasm. An overly ~ person is a zealot.