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65 Cards in this Set

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reprisal
뤼 프롸이 절 2, a military action undertaken in revenge for another; an act of taking an eye for an eye:The raid on the Iranian oil-drilling platform was a ~ for the ~'s earlier attack on the American tanker.:Fearing ~s from the terrorists, the CIA beefed up its security after capturing the ~ leader.
reproach
뤼 프로우취 2, 책망하다:My doctor ~ed me for gaining twenty pounds after he had advised me to lose fifteen.:Reproach can also be a noun. To look at someone with ~ is to look at that person critically or accusingly. To be filled with self-~ can mean to be ashamed.:Impeccable behavior that's beyond fault is irreproachable.
reprove
뤼 프루브 2, 나무라다:Aunt May ~ed us for eating too much, but we could tell she was actually thrilled that we had enjoyed the meal.n.reproof:The judge's decision was less a sentence than a gentle ~; he put Jerry on probation(보호 관찰) and told him never to get in trouble again.
repudiate
뤼 쀼 디 에잍 2, <관계를>끊다:Hoping to receive a ligher sentence, the convicted ganster ~ed his former connection with the mob.
requisite
뤸 쿼 짙 1, 필수의:Howard bought a hunting rifle and the ~ ammunition.:n.A hammer and a saw are among the ~s of the carpenter's trade.:A pre~ is something required before you can get started.
resolute
뤠 절 뤁 1, firm:Uncle Ted was ~ in his decision not to have a good time at our Christmas party; he stood alone in the corner and muttered to himself all night long. 의연한:The other team was strong, but our players were ~. They kept pushing and shoving until, in the final moments, they won the roller-derby tournament.:Someone who sticks to his New Year's resolution is ~.Resolute and resolved are synonyms.
respite
뤠스 핕 1, 휴지 [ 休止, 휴지하다 ] 휴지(休止)[명사][하다형 자동사] 하던 것을 그침.:We worked without ~ from five in the morning until five in the afternoon.
reticent
뤠 터 썬트 1, 과묵한:Luther's natural reticence made hiim an ideal speaker: his speeches never lasted more than a few minutes.:말을삼가는:Jeffrey was ~ on the subject of his accomplishments; he didn't like to talk about himself.
revere
뤼 비얼 v. to respect highly; to honor:Einstein was a preeminent scientist who was ~ed by everyone, even his rivals. Einstein enjoyed nearly universal reverence.:To be irreverent is to be mildly disrespectful.:Peter made jokes about his younger sister's painting. She was perturbed at his irreverence and began to cry.
rhetoric
뤠 터 뤽 1, 수사학:A talented public speaker might be said to be skilled in ~.:The word is often used in a pejorative sense to describe speaking or writing that is skillfuly executed but insincere or devoid of meaning.:A political candidate's speech that was long on drama and promises but short on genuine substance might be dismissed as "mere ~".:To use ~ is to be rhetorical(뤄 토어 뤼 껄 2). A ~ question is one the speaker intends to answer himself or herself--that is, a question asked only for ~ effect.
rogue
로우그 악당:a criminally dishonest person; a scoundrel:A rogue is someone who can't be trusted. This word is often used, however, to characterize a playfully mischievous person.
rudimentary
루 더 멘 터 뤼 3, 초보적인:The primitive tribe's tools were very ~. In fact, they looked more like rocks than like tools.기본적인:The boy who had lived with wolves for fifteen years lacked even the most ~ social skills.
ruminate
루 머 네잍 1, 반추하다:Cows, sheep, and other cud(새김질감 ((반추 동물이 제1위에서 입으로 게워 내어 씹는 음식물)))-chewing animals are called ruminants. To ~ is to quietly chew on or ponder your own thoughts.n.Serge was a very private man; he kept his ruminations to himself.
saccharine
쌔 꺼 륀 1, sweet; excessively or disgustingly sweet:saccharin is a calorie-free sweetner; ~ means sweet.Except for the spelling, this is one of the easiest-to-remember words there is.~ can be applied to things that are literally sweet, such as sugar, saccharin, fruit, and so on. It can also be applied to things that are sweet in a figurative sense, such as chilidren, personalities, and sentiments--especially things that are too sweet, or sweet in a sickening way.:We wanted to find a nice card for Uncle Moe, but the cards in the display at the drugstore all had such ~ messages that we would have been too embarassed to send any of them.:The love story was so ~ that I vowed never to see another sappy, predictable movie again.
sacrilege
쌔 크뤌 리쥐 1, 불경죄:The minister committed the ~ of delivering his sermon while wearing his golf shoes; he didn't want to be late for his tee-off time, which was just a few minutes after the scheduled end of the service.adj.To commit a ~ is to be sacrilegious.
sacrosanct
쌔 크로우 쌩ㅋㅌ 1, 신성불가침의:A church is ~. So, for Christians, is belief in the divinity of Jesus Christ. ~ is also used loosely, and often ironically, outside of religion.:Mr.Peter's lunchtime trip to his neighborhood bar was ~; he would no sooner skip it than he would skip hisi mother's funeral.
sagacious
써 게이 시어쓰 2, 슬기로운:Edgar's decision to move the chickens into the barn turned out to be ~; about an hour later, the hailstorm hit.명민한:The announcer's ~ commentary made the baseball game seem vastly more interesting than we had expected it to be.n.sagacity슬기로움.명민함:cf.sage:wise, possessing wisdom derived from experience or learning:When we were contemplating starting our own popcorn business, we received some sage advice from a man who had lost all his money selling candied apples.:Sage can also be a noun. A wise person, especially a wise old person, is often called a sage.
salient
쎄일 리언트 1, 돌출된;Ursula had a number of ~ features including, primarily, her nose, which stuck out so far that she was constantly in danger of slamming it in doors and windows.
salutary
쌜 륱 테어 뤼 1, 건강에좋은:Lowered blood pressure is among the ~ effects of exercise.
sanctimonious
쌩ㅋ 터 모우 니 어쓰 3, 독실한체하는:The ~ old bore(따분하게하는사람) pretended to be deeply offended when Lucius whispered a mild swearword after dropping the anvil(모ː루[명사] 대장간에서 불린 쇠를 올려놓고 두드릴 때, 받침으로 쓰는 쇳덩이.) on his bare foot
sanguine
쌩 그윈 1, 낙관적인:Miguel was ~ about his chances of winning the Nobel Peace Prize, even though, as an eighth grader, he hadn't really done anything to deserve it.
cf.sanguinary:bloodthirsty
sardonic
쌀 다 닉 2, 냉소적인:Isabella's weak attempts at humor were met by nothing but a few scattered pockets of ~ laughter.
scintillate
씬 털 레잍 1, 번쩍이다:Stars and diamonds ~. (재치 등으로) 번쩍이다So do witty comments, charming personalities, and anything else that can be said to sparkle.
scrupulous
스크루 퓰 러쓰 1, 철저한:Doug was ~ in keeping his accounts; he knew where every penny came from and where every penny went.양심적인:Philp was too ~ to make a good used-car dealer; every time he started to lie, he was overcome by eithical doubts.
n.a scruple is a qualm or moral doubt. To have no scruples--to be un~-- is to have no conscience.
secular
쎄 뀰 럴 1, 비종교적인:The group home had several nuns on its staff, but it was an entirely ~ operation; it was run by the city, not the church.
sedition
씨 디 쎤 2, 치안방해:The political group was charged with ~, because it had advocated burning the capital to the ground.
sensory
쎈 써 뤼 1, 감각적인:babies enjoy bright colors, moving objects, pleasant sounds, and other forms of ~ stimulation.감각의:Your ears, eyes, and tongue are all ~ organs. It is through them that your senses operate.:Extrasensory perception(초감각적 감지, 육감) is the supposed ability of some people to perceive things without using the standard senses of sight, hearing, smell, touch, or taste.cf.to be sensual is to be devoted to gratifying one's senses through physical pleasure, esp. sexual pleasure; to be sensuous is to delight the senses. A sensual person is one who eagerly indulges his or her physical desires. A sensuous person is one who stimulates the senses of others.
sentient
쎈 쉬원트 1, able to perceive by the senses; conscious:Human beings are ~. Rocks are not.
sequester
씨 쿠에스 털 2, 격리하다:Since much of the rest of the city had become a battle zone, the visiting entertainers were ~ed in the international hotel.은둔시키다:The struggling writer ~ed himself in his study for several months, trying to produce the Great American Novel.
serendipity
쎄 뤈 디 퍼 티 3, accidental good fortune; discovering good things without looking for them:It was ~ rather than genius that led the archaeologist to his breathtaking discovery of the ancient civilization. While walking his dog in the desert, he tripped over the top of a buried tomb.:Something that occurs through ~ is serendipitous:Our arrival at the airport serendipitously coincided with that of the queen, and she offered us a ride to our hotel in her carraige.
servile
썰 봐일 1, 굴종적인:Cat lovers sometimes say that dogs are too ~; they follow their owners everywhere and slobber(군침으로적시다) all over them at every opportunity.cf)slavish(슬레이 비쉬 1)노예같은:Slavish devotion to a cause is devotion in spite of everything.An artist's ~ imitator would be an imitator who imitated everything about the artist.
sloth
스러어뜨 게으름:You may have seen a picture of an animal called a ~. It hangs upside down from tree limbs, and is never in a hurry to do anything. To fall into ~ is to act like a ~.To be lazy and sluggish is to be ~ful.
sobriety
써 브롸이 어 티 2, the state of being sober; seriousness:A sober person is a person who isn't drunk. A sober person can also be a person who is serious, solemn, or not ostentatious. ~ means both "undrunkness" and seriousness or solemnity.:~ was such an unfamiliar condition that the reforming alcoholic didn't recognize it at first.:Sobriety of dress is one characteristic of the hardworking Amish.
solicitous
썰 리 써 터쓰 2, 애쓰는:Every time we turned around, we seemed to step on the foot of the ~ salesman, who appeared to feel that if he left us alone for more than a few seconds, we would decide to leave the store.염려하는:When the sick movie star sneezed, half a dozen ~ nurses came rushing into his hopital room.
solvent
쌀 번트 1, not broke or bankrupt; able to pay one's bills:Jerry didn't hope to become a millionaire; all he wanted to do was remain ~.:To be broke is to be ~. An ~ company is one that can't cover its debts.
soporific
싸하 풔 뤼 픽 3, 잠이오게하는:The doctor claimed his hysterical patient by injecting him with some sort of ~ medication.
sordid
쏘올 딛 1, 더러운:The college roommates led a ~ existence whose principal ingredients were dirty laundry, rotting garbage, and body odor.야비한:The conspirator plotted their ~ schemes at a series of secret meetings in an abandoned warehouse.
spawn
스퍼언 to bring forth; to produce a large number:A bestselling book or blockbuster movie will ~ dozens of imitators.
specious
스삐 시어쓰 1, deceptively plausible or attractive:The charlatan's ~ theories about curing baldness with used tea bags charmed the television studio audience but did not convince the experts, who believed that fresh tea bags were more effective.:The river's beauty turned out to be ~; what had looked like churning rapids from a distance was, on closer inspection, some sort of foamy industrial waste.n.~ness.
sporadic
스풔 뤠 딕 2, 간헐적인:Kyle's attention to his schoolwork was ~ at best; he tended to lose his concentration after a few minutes of effort.
spurious
스쀼 뤼 어쓰 1, 가짜의:An apocryphal story is one whose truth is uncertain. A ~ story, however, is out-and-out false, no doubt about it.:The political candidate attributed his loss to numerous ~ rumors that had hounded him throughout his campaign.
squalor
스쿠왈 럴 1, flith; wretched, degraded, or repulsive living condition:If people live in ~ for too long, the ruling elite can count on an insurgency.
stagnation
스택 네이 션 2, 정체상태 company grew quickly for several years, then fell into ~.inactivity; motionlessness:Many years of carelessly dumping pollutants led to the gradual ~ of the river.:To fall into ~ is to stagnate. To be in a state of ~ is to be stagnant.
static
스태 틱 1, 정지된:Sales of the new book soared for a few weeks, then became ~.정적인:The movie was supposed to be a thriller, but we found it to be tediously ~; nothing seemed to happen from one scene to the next.
staunch
스터언취 firmly committed; firmly in favor of; steadfast:A ~ Republican is someone who always votes for Republican candidates.:A ~ supporter of tax reform would be someone who firmly believes in tax reform.:To be ~ in your support of something is to be unshakable.
steadfast
스텓 페스트 1, 철석같은:~ love is love that never wavers.:To be ~ in a relatioinship is to be faithfully committed.
stigmatize
스틱 머 타이즈 1, ..에게 오명을 씌우다:Steve's jeans were Lee's instead of Levi's, and this mistake ~ed him for the rest of his high school career. the ~ of treachery 배반자의 오명
stipulate
스띠 쁄 레잍 1, to require something as part of an agreement:You are well advised to ~ the maximum amount you will pay in any car-repair contract.:Guarantees often ~ certain conditions that must be met if the guarantee is to be valid.
stoic
스또우 익 1, indifferent (at least outwardly) to pleasure or pain, to joy or grief, to fortune or misfortune.:Nina was ~ about the death of her canary; she went about her business as though nothing sad had happened.:We tried to be ~ about our defeat, but as soon as we got into the locker room, we all began to cry and bang our foreheads on the floor.
stratum
스트뤠 텀/스트뤠이 텀 1, 계층:The middle class is one ~ of society.:복수:strata.:A hierchy is composed of ~.To stratify is to make into layers.
stricture
스트뤽 추어 1, a restriction:Despite the ~s of apartment living, we enjoyed the eight years we spent in New York City.:limitation:The unfavorable lease placed many ~s on how the building could be used.:a negative criticism:The poorly prepared violinist went home trembling after his concert to await the inevitable ~s of the reviewers.
strife
스트롸이프 싸움:Marital ~ often leads to divorce.
stringent
스트륀 전트 1, 엄격한:The restaurant's ~ dress code required diners to wear paper hats, army boots, and battery-operated twirling bow ties.
stymie
스따이 미 1, to thwart; to get in the way of; to hinder:~ is a golfing term. A golfer is stymied when another player's ball lies on the direct path between his or her own ball and the cup.:Off the golf course, one might be ~ed by one's boss.:In my effort to make a name ofr myself in the company, I was ~ed by my boss, who always managed to take credit for all the good things I did and to blame me for his mistakes.
subjugate
썹 주 게잍 1, 예속시키다:I bought the fancy riding lawn mower because I thought it would make my life easier, but it quickly ~ed me; all summer long, it seems, I did nothing but change its oil, sharpen its blades, and drive it back and forth between my house and the repair shop.
subliminal
썹 리 머 널 2, 잠재의식의
sublimate
썹 리 메잍 1, to suppress one's subconscious mind
subordinate
썹 올 더 닛 2, lower in importance, position, or rank; secondary:My desire to sit on the couch and watch television all night long was ~ to my desire to stand in the kitchen eating junk food all night long, so I did the latter instead of the former.:Vice president is ~ to a president.:subordinate[썹 올 더 네잍 2] can also be a verb. To ~ something in relation to something else is to make it secondary or less important.:To be in~ is not to acknowledge the authority of a superior. An army private who says "Bug off!" when ordered to do something by a general is guilty of being in~ or of committing an act of insubordination.
substantive
썹쓰 탠 팁 1, having substance:The difference between the two theories were not ~; in fact, the two theories said the same thing with different words.:real:The gossip columnist's wild accusations were not based on anything ~; her source was a convicted criminal, and she had made up all the quotations.
subversive
썹 벌 씹 2, 전복적인:The political group destroyed the Pentagon's computer files, hijacked Air Force One, and engaged in various other ~ activities.파괴적인:Madeline's efforts to teach her first-grade students to read were thwarted by that most ~ of inventions, theh television set.
succinct
썩 씽ㅋㅌ 2, 간명한 Aaron's ~ explanation of why the moon doesn't fall out of the sky and crash into the earth quickly satisfied even the dullest of the anxious investment bankers.
succumb
써 컴 2, 굴복하다:I had said that I wasn't going to eat anything at the party, but when Ann held the tray of imported chocolates under my nose, I quickly ~ed and ate all of them.:죽다:When Willard reached the age of 110, his family began to think that he would live forever, but he ~ed not long afterward.
supercilious
쑤 뻘 씰 리 어쓰 3, 안하무인격인:The ~ Rolls-Royce salesman treated us like peasants until we opened our suitcase full of one-hundred-dollar bills.
superfluous
쑤 뻘 플루 어쓰 2, 불필요한:Andrew's attempt to repair the light bulb was ~, since the light bulb had already been repaired.n.superfluity(쑤 뻘 플루 어 티 3)
surfeit
썰 핕 1, excess; an excessive amount; excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking:Thanksgiving meals are usually a ~ for everyone involved.