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334 Cards in this Set

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a
not, without, lacking, defiecient

ex: afebrile- without fever
ab
away from

ex: abduct- move a limb away from mid-line
able

ible
capable of

ex: reducible- capable of being reduced
acro
pertaining to extremity, top, peak

ex: acrophobia- fear of high places
acou
pertaining to hearing

ex: acoustic- pertaining to sound hearing
a
not, without, lacking, defiecient

ex: afebrile- without fever
ab
away from

ex: abduct- move a limb away from mid-line
able

ible
capable of

ex: reducible- capable of being reduced
acro
pertaining to extremity, top, peak

ex: acrophobia- fear of high places
acou
pertaining to hearing

ex: acoustic- pertaining to sound hearing
ad
to or toward

ex: adduction- moving a limb toward mid-line
adeno
pertaining to glands

ex: adenopathy- disease of a gland
adipos
pertaining to fat

ex: adipose- body fat
aero
pertaining to air

ex: aerobic- requiring oxygen to live
af
toward

ex: afferent- nerve conduction toward the brain
ag
to, together

ex: aggregate- to come together
alb
pertaining to white

ex: albumin- white protein in blood
algesia
pertaining to painful

ex: analgesic- w/out pain
algia
pertaining to a painful condition

ex: neuralgia- pain that extends along a nerve
ambi
pertaining to both sides

ex: ambidextrous- able to use both hands
amyl
referring to starch

ex: amylase- an enzyme in saliva to break down starch
an
not, without

ex: anoxia- w/out oxygen in tissues
ana
up, excess, backward, against

ex: anaphylaxis- excessive protection, an overreaction of the immune system to a foreign substance
andro
pertaining to male

ex: androgen- male hormone
angio
pertaining to blood vessels

ex: angioplasty- plastic surgery of blood vessels
ankylo
pertaining to stiffness

ex: ankylosis- stiffening at the spine
ante
to come before

ex: antecubital- in front of the elbow
anti
against, opposed to, preventing

ex: antibody- fight infections
ap
to, together

ex: approximate- close to
aq
pertaining to water

ex: aqueous- fluid in the eye
arium

orium
place for something

ex: auditorium- place to hear
arterio
pertaining to arteries

ex: arteriosclerosis- hardening of the arteries
arthr
pertaining to joints

ex: arthritis- inflammation of the joints
articulo
pertaining to joints

ex: dysarticulate- dislocation
as
to take into

ex: assimilate- to take ito
asth
panting, taking short breaths

ex: asthma
asthenia
pertaining to weakness

ex: myasthenia gravis- disease of muscle weakness
at
to draw toward

ex: attract- to draw toward
audio
refers to hearing

ex: auditory
aur
meaning ear-like

ex: auricles- small ear-like parts of the atria
auto
pertaining to self

ex: autonomic- self governing
bi
meaning two, double, both

ex: bilateral- two sides
brachi
pertaining to upper arm

ex: brachialis- muscle in upper arm
brady
abnormally slow

ex: bradycardia- abnormally slow heart rate
broncho
large air passages in the lungs

ex: bronchitis- inflammation of these air passages
bucc
pertaining to the cheek

ex: where EMTs put oral glucose in diabetes
burs
pertaining to a sack at joints

ex: bursitis- inflammation of the bursa of a joint
calor
pertaining to heat

ex: calorie- measure of heat
capit
pertaining to the head

ex: decapitate- losing of the head
caps
referring to a container

ex: encapsulate- enclose in a container
carcino
referring to cancer

ex: carcinogen- something that causes cancer
cardio
referring to heat

ex: cardiogenic- heat in origin
carp
referring to the wrist

ex: carpopedal spasms- hand and foot cramps
cata
down, lower

ex: catabolism- lower metaolism
caut

caus
meaning to burn

ex: cauterize- to burn skin or blood vessels to stop bleeding
cele
an enlargement, tumor, hernia

ex: hydrocele- confined collection of water
centesis
perforation or tapping, as with a needle

ex: thoracentesis- puncturing the thoracic cavity to withdraw air or fluid
centi
pertaining to one hundred

ex: centimeter- one hundredth of a meter
cephalo
pertaining to the head

ex: hydrocephalic- a birth abnormality where there is excess cerebral spinal fluid
cerebro
referring to the brain

ex: cerebrospinal fluid
cervi
pertaining to the neck

ex: cervical fracture- broken neck
chloro
meaning green

ex: chlorine- greenish gas
chole
pertaining to bile or gall

ex: cholecystitis- gallbladder inflammation
chondro
pertaining to cartilage

ex: costochondral margin- the rib/cartilage margin
chromo
referring to color

ex: monochromatic- being one color
chrono
referring to time

ex: chronotropic- drug like epinephrine that speeds up the heart
cide
meaning to kill

ex: suicide
cil
a hairlike process

ex: cilia- hair cilia in the lungs sweep out foreign substances
circum
around

ex: circumscribed- confined to a limited space
cis
to cut, or kill

ex: excise- to cut off
cleido
referring to the clavicle

ex: sternocleidomastoid muscle
co
with, together

ex: cohabitation- living with someone else
col
with

ex: collateral- blood vessels that supply blood with both sides
colo
pertaining to large intestines

ex: colitis- inflammation of the large instestine
coll
gelatin like

ex: collagen- a type of tissue
com
with

ex: comminuted fracture- with more than two pieces
con
with, together

ex: congenital- occurred together with birth
contra
opposite, working against

ex: contraindicated- opposite of what the drug is indicated for
cor
pertaining to the pupils

ex: anisocoria- unequal pupils
costo
pertaining to the ribs

ex: intercostal muscles- between the ribs
cranio
pertaining to the skull

ex: craniocaudal- head and tail of the spine
cyro
refers to cold

ex: cryotherapy- treatment using cold
crypto
meaning hidden, covered

ex: cryptic- hide
cubitus
pertaining to the elbow

ex: antecubital- in front of the elbow
cuss
meaning to shake violently

ex: percuss the chest- tap it firmly
cyano
refers to the color blue

ex: cyanosis- color of blue skin
cysto
refers to a bladder, cyst, sac of fluid

ex: cystitis- bladder inflammation
cyto

cyte
refers to cells

ex: cytotoxic- toxic to cells
dactyl
referring to fingers

ex: dactylology- interpreting for the deaf
de
meaning downward

ex: descending
dent
referring to teeth

ex: dentist
derm
pertaining to the skin

ex: dermatitis- inflammation of the skin
di
meaning twice, double

ex: dissacharide- sucrose is made of two simple sugars
dia
meaning through, across

ex: diarrhea- large flow through you
diplo
meaning double, twin, twice

ex: diplopia- seeing double
dips
pertaining to thirst

ex: polydipsia- thirsty
dis
to free, to undo

ex: dissect- cut apart
dorso
pertaining to the back

ex: dorsiflexion- moving the wrist back
dys
meaning difficult, bad, abnormal

ex: dyspnea- abnormal difficult breathing
e

ex
meaning from, out of

ex: excise- cut out
ecto
refers to outer, outside of

ex: ectopic focus- an abnormal cardiac pacemaker
ectomy
surgical removal

ex: appendectomy- surgical removal of the eppendix
ectomee
the person who has had it

ex: laryngectomee- the person who has had the operation layrngectomy
edem
pertaining to swelling

ex: edema- swelling
emia
pertaining to a condition of blood

ex: hypovolemia- abnormally low blood volume
en
meaning into, in, within

ex: encapsulate- enclose in a container
encephalo
inside the head

ex: viral encephalopathy
endo
meaning inside

ex: endotracheal- a tube that goes inside the trachea
entero
pertaining to the small intestine

ex: gastroenteritis- inflammation of the stomach and intestines
epi
meaning over, upon

ex: epidermis- outermost layer of the skin
erytho
referring to red

ex: erythema- red, flushed skin
esthesia
pertaining to sensations

ex: paresthesia- unusual sensations
eti
meaning the cause

ex: etiology of disease- studying the cause of a disease
eu
meaning good, well, normal

ex: eupnea- normal breathing
ex
meaning out of, away from

ex: excrement- waste material discharged from the body
exo
refers to the outside, outward

ex: exothermic reaction- making outside heat
extra
meaning beyond, on the outside

ex: extraordinary- beyond the norm
facil
to make easy

ex: facilitate- to make easier
febr
refers to fever, feverish

ex: febrile seizures in kids
ferent
meaning to bear, or carry

ex: efferent motor nerves- carry nerve signals from the brain
fibro
pertaining to fiber, filament

ex: fibrillation- change in muscle fiber function
form
referring to shape, form

ex: deformed- abnormally shaped
foramen
a large opening in something

ex: vertebral foramen- opening in the spine for the spinal cord
galacto
one of the sugars in milk

ex: galactose
gangli
knotted, or shaped like a knot

ex: spinal ganglia
gangr
an eating away, or open sore

ex: gangrene
gastro
referring to the stomach

ex: gastroesophageal reflux- heart burn
gen

gensis
to come into being, originate, create

ex: cardiogenic shock- heart in origin
genic
to come into being, create

ex: pathogens- things that cause disease
gloss
referring to the tongue

ex: hypogolssal- tongue muscle
glyco
pertaining to sweet

ex: glycogenolysis- breaking down glycogen
gnos
pertaining to knowledge

ex: diagnosis- made through knowledge
gram
written record, drawing

ex: electrocardiogram- a written record of the hearts electrical activity
graph
the instrument for recording

ex: seismograph- recording earthquakes
gyn

gyne
pertaining to women

ex: gynecologist- one who specializes in women's health
hema

hemo

hemato
pertaining to the blood

ex: hematoma- localized swelling filled with blood
hemi
meaning half

ex: hemiparesis- one sided weakness
hepato
pertaining to the liver

ex: hepatitis- inflammation of the liver
hetero
meaning other

ex: heterosexual- sexual with the other sex
hidro
pertaining to sweat

ex: hyperhidrosis- condition of excessive sweating
histo
referring to tissues

ex: histology- study of tissues
homeo
meaning similar, same, not changing

ex: homeostasis- a process that keeps the body's environment constant
homo
pertaining to man

ex: homo sapiens- the kind of man we are
hyal
actually means glass

ex: hyaline cartilage- most abundant cartilage in the body
hydro
refers to water

ex: hydrocephalus- water on the brain
hyper
excessive, beyond normal, a lof of

ex: hyperglycemia- abnormally high blood sugar
hypno
referring to sleep

ex: hypnotic drugs- put you to sleep
hypo
deficient, below normal, a small amount of

ex: hyponatremia- abnormally low sodium levels in the blood
hyster
referring to the uterus

ex: hysterectomy- surgical removal of the uterus
iasis
condition of, as in disease

ex: psoriasis- chronic skin disease with scab like sores
iatro
pertaining to a healer, physician

ex: iatrogenic- physician or paramedic caused injury
icle
little

ex: particle- little part
id
in state of, condition of

ex: gravid- being pregnant
idio
distinct, separate, peculiar to

ex: idiopathic- disease with no know cause
il
negative prefix

ex: illegible- cannot be read
ileo
pertaining to the small intestine

ex: ileum- the last part of the small intestine
ilio
pertaining to the ilium

ex: ilium- largest part of the pelvis
im
negative prefix

ex: immature- not mature
in
meaning in, into

ex: incision- to cut into
infra
meaning beneath, below

ex: infrascapular- beneath the scapula
ino
pertaining to muscle fiber

ex: inotropic- changing the strength of the heart contraction
inter
mean between

ex: interstitial fluid- fluid between the cells
intra
refers to within

ex: intravenous- inserting a needle within a vein
intro
means into

ex: introspection- looking into oneself, one's thoughts and feelings
irid
referring to the iris

ex: iridotomy- surgical incision into the iris
isch
meaning to hold back

ex: ischemia- to hold back blood
ismus
refers to an abnormal condition

ex: strabismus- eyes do not point in the sam direction
iso
means equal, balances, same

ex: isotonic- balanced salt or balanced plasma
itis
inflammation

ex: arthritis- inflammation of the joints
juxta
meaning next to, close proximity

ex: juxtaposition- positioned next to
kerato
pertaining to the cornea

ex: keratotomy- cornea surgery
kilo
meaning one thousand

ex: kilogram- one thousand grams
kinesio
having to do with movement

ex: kinesiology- study of movement
labi
pertaining to the lips

ex: labia majora
lacto
pertaining to milk

ex: lactose- one of the milk sugars
laparo
pertaining to the flank or abdominal wall

ex: laparoscopy- using an edoscope to look inside the abdomen
laryngo
pertaining to the larynx

ex: laryngectomy- surgical removal of the larynx
latero

lateral
pertaining to one side

ex: bilateral- two sided
leuko
referring to white

ex: leukocytes- white blood cells
lingo
pertaining to the tongue

ex: sublingual nitroglycerin
lipo
pertaining to fat

ex: liposuction
litho
pertaining to stones

ex: lithotripsy- using sound to smash kidney stones
logo
to speak, give an account

ex: logistics- an account of things needed
lumbo
pertaining to the lower back

ex: lumbago- pain in the lumbar region of the back
lymph
pertaining to the lymphatic circulatory system

ex: lymph glands
lysis
dissolving, dissolution, destruction

ex: hemolytic- destroys blood
macro
meaning large, enlarged

ex: macro tubing for an IV
mal
meaning bad

ex: grand mal seizure- really bad seizure
mammo
pertaining to the breast region

ex: mammogram
mania
a mental abberration

ex: kleptomania- compulsion to steal
mast
pertaining to the breast

ex: mastectomy- surgical removal of breast cancer
meatus
a small opening at the surface

ex: urethral meatus
medi
pertaining to the middle

ex: mediastinum- dividing wall down the center of the thoracic
mega
meaning large, or enlarged

ex: mega-code- a large problem in cardiac resuscitation
melano
meaning black, or dark in color

ex: melena- black tarry stools
meta
referring to change, transformation

ex: metabolism- the sum of physical and chemical changes or processes by which the body survives
metro
pertaining to the uterus

ex: endometriosis- a condition affecting the inside lining of the uterus
micro
meaning very small

ex: micro tubing for an IV
(medical)
milli
pertaining to one thousand

ex: milligram- one thousandth of a gram
mono
meaning single, only, sole

ex: monosaccharide- glucose in single sugar
morb
refers to disease, injury

ex: morbidity- illness or injury
morph
referring to form

ex: morphology- study of form and shape of cells
multi
meaning many/ several

ex: multipara- having multiple children
myc
pertaining to fungus

ex: mycology- the study of fungus
myo
pertaining to muscle

ex: myasthenia- muscle weakness
myelo
marrow, inner channel

ex: myelogram
narco
referring to sleep, numbness

ex: narcotic- something that puts you to sleep
naso
pertaining to the nose

ex: nasopharyngeal airway
neo
meaning new

ex: neosynephrine- nose spray
necro
referring to death

ex: necrosis- condition of dead tissue
nephr
greek for kidney

ex: nephritis- inflammation of the kidneys
neuro
pertaining to nerves

ex: neurology- study of the nervous system
noct
pertaining to the night time

ex: nocturia- getting up at night to urinate
nomin
referring to name

ex: innominate- without name
ob
meaning against, in front of

ex: EOA- Esophageal Obturator Airway
oc
meaning against, in front of

ex: occluded airway
oculo
pertaining to the eye

ex: oculomotor nerve
odont
pertaining to teeth

ex: orthodontist
oid
referring to shape or form

ex: deltoid
oligo
meaning few, scant, deficient

ex: oliguria- scant urine output
ology
the study of

ex: biology- the study of life
ologist
one who studies

ex: pathologist- one who studies disease
oma
meaning swelling, tumor

ex: hematoma- swelling filled with blood
opsy
a viewing

ex: autopsy- postmortem examination of the body
opthalmo
pertaining to the eye

ex: opthalmoscope- what the doctor uses to look into the eye
optic
pertaining to sight or vision

ex: as in optic nerve
orchio
pertaining to the testicles

ex: orchiopexy- surgical fixation of the testicles to correct testicular torsion
oro
pertaining to the mouth

ex: oropharyngeal airway
ortho
meaning straight, normal, correct

ex: orthostatic hypotension- what you get if you get yourself up to fast after staying flat for awhile
os
pertaining to a mouth-like opening

ex: gastrostomy- one who has a mouth-like opening in their abdominal wall for tube feedings directly into the stomach
osis
condition of

ex: acidosis
osteo
pertaining to bones

ex: osteomyelitis- a major concern for open fractures
ostomy
surgically creating a mouth

ex: tracheostomy- surgically creating a round opening in the trachea
otomy
surgically cutting into

ex: tracheotomy- surgically cutting into the trachea
oto
pertaining to the ear

ex: otoscope- what doctors use to look into your ear
ovi
pertaining to eggs

ex: oviduct- part of the fallopian tube the egg travels down
palat
pertaining to the roof of the mouth

ex: palatable- edible
pan
meaning all, entire

ex: pandemic- wide spread epidemic
para
meaning beside, along

ex: paramedic- works beside the doctor
paresis
pertaining to weakness

ex: hemiparesis- one-sided weakness
pariet
pertaining to a wall

ex: parietal pleural membrane- the one lining the wall of the thoracic cavity
patho
pertaining to disease

ex: pathogenic- disease causing
pathy
pertaining to a disease part

ex: osteopathic- deals with disease of bones
ped
pertaining to the foot/ pertaining to children

ex: pedestrian- one who travels by foot/ pediatrics- the science of treating children
penia
meaning abnormal reduction

ex: leukopenia- an abnormally slow white blood cell count
peps
pertaining to digestion

ex: dyspepsia- difficulty with digestion
per
meaning throughout, completely

ex: perfusion- the passage of blood through the vessels
peri
meaning around or surrounding

ex: pericardium- a sack surrounding the heart
pexy
pertaining to surgical fixation

ex: orchiopexy- surgical fixation at the testicle to correct testicular torsion
phago
meaning to eat or swallow

ex: aphagia- unable to swallow
pharyng
pertaining to the throat

ex: pharyngitis- sore throat
phas
pertaining to speech

ex: aphasia- unable to communicate through speech
phil
like, similar, having an affinity for

ex: affiliation- hanging around with those you like
phleb
pertaining to veins

ex: thrombophlebitis- blood clots in the veins
phobia
pertaining to fear

ex: acrophobia- fear of high places
phon
pertaining to sound

ex: aphonia- unable to make sounds
phor
meaning to bear, to carry

ex: diaphoresis- profuse sweating, carrying through
physio
pertaining to nature, natural

ex: physiology- the study of the body's function
pilo
pertaining to hair

ex: pilonidal cyst
plasia
meaning development, formation

ex: hyperplasia of the gums
plasty
referring to surgical repair

ex: balloon angioplasty
plegia
pertaining to paralysis

ex: hemiplegia- one sided paralysis
pleuro
pertaining to the ribs or sides

ex: pleurisy- painful inflammation of pleural membranes
pnea
pertaining to breath

ex: dyspnea- difficulty breathing
pneumo-
pertaining to air or lungs

ex: pneumothorax
pod
pertaining to the foot

ex: podiatrist- specialist care in feet
poiesis
refers to formation

ex: erythropoiesis- refers to red blood cell formation
poly
meaning many, much

ex: polyphagia- excessive hunger/ eating- seen in diabetes
post
pertaining to the rear, behind

ex: posterior
pre
to come before

ex: precursor- something that comes before
pro
to the front, before

ex: prophylaxis- to prevent ahead of time
procto
pertaining to the anus

ex: proctologist- specializes in rectal problems
psuedo
meaning false

ex: psuedo-ephedrine
psycho
pertaining to the mind

ex: psychopath- one who has a disease of the mind
ptosis
abnormal drooping or sagging

ex: ptosis- eyelid droop
pulmon
referring to the lungs

ex: pulmonary
pur
referring to pus

ex: purulent
pyo
refers to pus

ex: pyorrhea- flowing of pus
pyro
pertaining to fire, heat, fever

ex: antipyretic- aspirin lowers a fever
quadri
referring to four

ex: quadriplegia- four limb are paralyzed
radio
referring to a ray or radiation

ex: radiology- the study of radioactive substances
re
meaning return, again, back, against

ex: recurrence- to occur again
renal
latin for kidney

ex: adrenaline- a substance secreted above the kidneys
retro
meaning located behind

ex: retroperitoneal- the kidneys are located behind the peritoneum
rhino
pertaining to the nose

ex: rhinorrhea- runny nose
rrhage
pertaining to abnormal discharge

ex: hemorrhage- abnormal discharge of blood
rrhea
pertaining to abnormal discharge or flow

ex: diarrhea- abnormal amount of flow through the intestines
sanguin
latin for blood

ex: exsanguinate- to bleed out
schizo
meaning to split

ex: schizophrenia- split personality
sclero
pertaining to hardened

ex: arteriosclerosis- condition of hardening of the arteries
scolio
meaning twisted, crooked, bent

ex: scoliosis- sideward curving of the spine
scope
to look at, or observe

ex: laryngoscope- scope out/ examine the larynx
sect
meaning cut

ex: bisect- cut into two
semi
referring to one-half, partly

ex: semiconscious
septo

seps
pertaining to infection

ex: aseptic- without infection
somato
pertaining to the body

ex: psychosomatic- diseased relate to mind caused disease
sono
pertaining to sound

ex: sonogram- using sound waves to make recording or picture of the inside of the body
sphygmo
pertaining to the pulse

ex: sphygmomanometer- blood pressure cuff that counts pulse waves of blood
stasis
refers to stopping, controlling

ex: hemostasis- to stop blood flow
steno
refers to narrowing or constricting

ex: aortic stenosis- narrowing or constricting of the aorta
stetho
pertaining to the chest

ex: stethoscope- listens to the chest
stheno
pertaining to strength

ex: myasthenia- muscular weakness
stomy
surgically creating a new opening

ex: tracheostomy
sub
meaning under, beneath

ex: subclavian- beneath the clavicle
super
meaning above, excess

ex: superficial- lying on or near the surface
supra
meaning above or over

ex: supraclavicular- above the clavicle
sym

syn
joined together with

ex: syndrome- set of symptoms that occur together
tachy
pertaining to speed, rapid

ex: tachycardia- abnormally rapid hearth rate
tact
meaning to touch

ex: tactile- referring to touching
taxia
pertaining to order or arrangement

ex: ataxia- having no order
tel
pertaining to distance

ex: telescope- for seeing distances
thermo
pertaining to heat

ex: thermogenesis- process of creating heat
thoraco
referring to the chest area

ex: thoracic spine- behind the chest
thrombo
pertaining to blood clots

ex: thrombophlebitis- inflammation of a vein with clot formation
tome
surgical instrument for cutting

ex: dermatome- used to get skin grafts
tomy
surgical operation involving cutting

ex: tracheostomy- surgical cut in the throat
topo
referring to a place

ex: ectopic- outside the normal place
trans
meaning through, across, beyond

ex: transverse fracture- straight across the bone
tri
pertaining to three

ex: trimester: period of three months
tripsy
refers to surgically crushing

ex: lithotripsy- crushing kidney stones
troph
pertaining to nourishment, growth

ex: atrophy- not enough nourishment to survive
tropic
referring to change

ex: chronotropic drugs- change the speed of the heart
ultra
meaning beyond, in excess

ex: ultrasonic- beyond the audible sound range
un
meaning not, reversal, back

ex: unenforceable- not enforceable
uni
meaning one

ex: unilateral- only affecting one side
uria

uro
pertaining to urine

ex: polyuria- making lots of urine
varic
referring to dilated vein

ex: varicose veins-dilated veins
vas

vaso
referring to a duct, or vessel

ex: vasodilatoe
ventro
referring to belly side, or cavity

ex: ventral surface
vesic
referring to vessel or bladder

ex: vesicle- small fluid filled blister
viscero
pertaining to internal organs

ex: eviscerate- bring internal organs to the outside
xantho
pertaining to yellow

ex: caffeine is considered a xanthine diuretic- makes your pee yellow
xero
meaning dry

ex: xerox- dry copier
zo
pertaining to animal life

ex: zoology