Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/80

Click to flip

80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
apothegm
n. pithy, compact saying
Proverbs are apothegms that have become familiar sayings
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
The Roman empress Livia envied the late emperor Augustus his apotheosis; she hoped that on her death she, too,would be exalted to the ranks of the gods.
appall
v. dismay; shock
We were appaled by the horrifying conditions in the city's jails
apparition
n. ghost; phantom
On the castle battlements, an apparition materialized and spoke to Hamlet, warning him of his uncle's treachery.
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve.
Tom and Jody tried to appease the crying baby by offering him one toy after another
appellation
n. name; title
Macbeth was startled when the witches greeted him with an incorrect appellation.
append
v. attach
When you append a bibliography to a text, you have created an appendix
application
n. diligent attention
Pleased with how well Tom had whitewashed the fence, Aunt Polly praised him for his application.
apposite
adj. appropriate; fitting
She was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.
appraise
v. estimate value of
It is difficult to appraise old paintings; it is easier to call them priceless. appraisal, n
appreciate
v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious
Little Orphan Annie truly appreciated the stocks Daddy Warbucks gave her, whose value appreciated considerably over the years.
apprehend
v. arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive.
The police will apprehend the cluprit and convict him before long.
apprehensive
adj. fearful; discerning
His apprehensive glances at the people who were walking in the street revealed his nervousness.
apprise
v. inform.
When NASA was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions, the head of the space agency decided to postpone the shuttle launch.
approbation
n. approval
Wanting her parents' regard, she looked for some sign of their approbation.
appropriate
v. acquire; take possesion of for one's own use.
The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
appurtenances
n. subordinate possessions.
He bought the estate and all of its appurtenances.
apropos
adj. to the point and timely
When Bob spoke out against drunk driving, some of our crowd called him a spoilsport, but the rest of us found his comments extremely apropos.
aptitude
n. fitness; talent
The American aviator Bessie Coleman grew up in Waxahatchie, Teaxs, where her mathematical apitude freed her from working in the cotton fields with her twelve brothers and sisters.
acquiline
adj. curved, hooked
He can be recognized by his acquiline nose, curved like the beak of the eagle
arabesque
n. style of decoration involving intertwined plants and abstract curves; ballet position with one leg supporting the weight of the body, while the other leg is extended in back.
Because the Koran prohibits the creation of human and animal images, Moorish arabesques depict plants but no people. The statue of winged Mercury stands poised on one foot, frozen in an eternal arabesque.
arable
adj. fit for growing crops
The first settlers wrote home glowing reports of the New World, praising its vast acres of arable land ready for the plow
arbiter
n. person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge
As an arbiter in labor disputes, she has won the confidence of the workers and the employers
arbitrary
adj. unreasonable or capricious; tryannical.
The coach claimed the team lost because the umpire made some arbitrary calls.
arbitrate
v. act as judge
She was called upon to arbitrate the dispute between the union and the management.
arboretum
n. place where different varieties of trees and shurbs are studied and exhibited.
Walking along the treelined paths of the arboretum, Rita noted poplars, firs, and some particularly fine sycamores.
arcade
n. a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
The arcade was popular with shoppers because it gave them protection from the summer sun and the winter rain.
arcane
adj. secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated.
Secret brotherhooods surround themselves with arcane rituals and trappings to mystify outsiders.
archaeology
n. study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
The professor of archaeology headed on expedition to the Gobi Desert in search of ancient ruins.
archaic
adj. antiquated
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.
archetype
n. prototype; primitive pattern
The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island and New Jersey.
archipelago
n. group of closely located islands
When he looked at the map and saw the archipelagoes in the South Seas, he longed to vist them.
archives
n. public records; place where public records are kept
These documents should be part of the archives so that historians may be able to evaluate them in the future.
ardor
n. heat; passion; zeal
Katya's ardor was contagioius; soon all her fellow demonstrators were busily making posters and handing out flyers, inspired by her ardent enthusiasm for the cause. ardent, adj.
arduous
adj. hard; strenuous.
Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy
argot
n. slang.
In the argot of the underworld, she "was taken for a ride."
aria
n. operatic solo
At her Metropolitan Opera audition, Marian Anderson sang an aria from Norma.
arid
adj. dry; barren
The cactus has adapted to survive in an arid environment.
aristocracy
n. hereditary nobility; privileged class
Americans have mixed feelings about hereditary aristocracy: we say all men are created equal, but we describe particularly outstanding people as natural aristocrats.
armada
n. fleet of warships
Queen Elizabeth's navy was able to defeat the mighty armada that threatened the English coast.
aromatic
adj. fragrant
Midieval sailing vessels brought aromatic herbs from China to Europe
arraign
v. charge in court; indict
After his indictment by the Grand Jury, the accused man was arraigned in the County Criminal Court
array
v. marshal; draw up in order
His actions were bound to array public sentiment against him. also N.
array
v. clothe; adorn
She liked to watch her mother array herself in her finest clothes before going out for the evening. also N.
arrears
n. being in debt
Because he was in arrears with his car payments, the repo men repossessed his Porsche
arrest
v. stop or check; seize or capture (the attention)
According to Connolly's "Theory of Permanent Adolescence," the triumphs and disappointments that boys experience at the great British public schools are so intense as to dominate their lives and to arrest their development
arrhythmic
adj. lacking rhythm or regularity
The doctors feared his arrhythmic heartbeat might be the first symptom of an imminent heart attack. arrhythmia, N.
arrogance
n. pride; haughtiness
Convinced that Emma thought she was better than anyone else in the class, Ed rebuked her for her arrogance
arroyo
n. gully
Until the heavy rains of the past spring, this arroyo had been a dry bed.
arsenal
n. storage place for military equipment.
People are forbidden to smoke in the arsenal lest a stray spark set off the munitions stored there.
artful
adj. cunning; crafty; sly
By using accurate details to suggest a misleading picture of the whole, the artful propagandist turn spartial truths into more effective instruments of deception than lies
articulate
adj. effective; distinct.
Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers
artifact
n. object made by human beings, either handmade or mass-produced.
Archaeologists debated the significance of the artifacts discovered in the ruins of Asia Minor but came to no conclusion about the culture they represented.
artifice
n. deception; trickery
The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military might.
artisan
n. manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
Elderly artisans from Italy trained Harlem teenagers to carve the stone figures that would decorate the new wing of the cathedral.
artless
adj. without guile; open and honest
Red Riding Hood's artless comment, "Grandma, what big eyes you have!" indicates the child innocent surprise at her "grandmother's" changed appearance.
ascendancy
n. controlling influence.
President Marcos failed to maintain his ascendancy over the Philippines
ascertain
v. find out for certain
Please ascertain her present address
ascetic
adj. practicing self-denial; austere
The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders. also n. asceticism
ascribe
v. refer; attribute; assign
I can ascribe no motive for her acts
aseptic
adj. preventing infection; having a cleansing effect.
Hospitals succeeded in lowering the mortality rate as soon as they introduced aseptic conditions.
ashen
adj. ash-colored; deadly pale
Her face was ashen with fear.
asinine
adj. stupid
Your asinine remarks prove that you have not given this problem any serious consideration.
askance
adv. with a sideways or indirect look.
Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.
askew
adv. crookedly; slanted; at an angle
When the clown placed his hat askew upon his head, the children in the audience laughed.
asperity
n. sharpness (of temper).
These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.
aspersion
n. slanderous remark.
Rather than attacking President Cleveland's arguments with logic, his opponent resorted to casting aspersions on the president's moral character.
aspirant
n. seeker after position or status
Although I am aspirant for public office, I am not willing to accept the dictates of the party bosses.
aspire
seek to attain; long for
Because he aspired to a career in professional sports, Philip enrolled in a graduate program in sports management. aspiration, n.
assail
v. assault
He was assailed with questions after his lecture
assay
v. analyze; evaluate
When they assayed the ore, they found that they had discovered a very rich vein, also n.
assert
v. state strongly or positively; insist on or demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.).
When Jill asserted that nobody else in the junior class had such an early curfew, her parents asserted themselves, telling her that if she didn't get home by nine o'clock she would be grounded for the week. assertion
assessment
n. estimation; appraisal
I would like to have your assessment of the situation in South Africa
assiduous
adj. diligent
It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son.
assimilate
v. absorb; cause to become homogenous
The manner in which the united States was able to assimilate the hordes of immigrants during the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries will always be a source of pride
assuage
v. ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger).
Jilted by Jane, Dick tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in ice cream. One gallon later, he had assuaged his appetite but not his grief. assuagement, n.
assumption
n. something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possesion of
The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to her assumption of power. assume v.
assurance
n. promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence.
When Guthrie gave Guinness his assurance that rehearsals were going well, he spoke with such assurance that Guinness was convinced. assure, v. assured
asteroid
n. small planet
Asteroids have become commonplace to the readers of interstellar travel stories in science fiction magazines
astigmatism
n. eye defect that prevents proper focus
As soon as his parents discovered that the boy suffered from astigmatism, they took him to the optometrist for corrective glasses