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629 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
deleterious
having a harmful effect; injurious
ensconce
to hide or place in a
secure place
rescind
v.:to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
debunk
to expose the falseness of
gerrymander
v.:to set up lines for political
districts so that the party in power is more likely to win an election
dulcet
adj.:melodious, harmonious
asylum
a place of retreat or security
heretical
adj.:violating accepted dogma or convention
desiderate
v.:to seek earnestly, to express a desire
for, to miss
alleviate
to ease a pain or a burden
objurgate
v.:to scold sharply
terse
adj.:brief and concise in wording
punctilious
strictly attentive to minute details in
conduct; picky
extirpate
v.:to rip up by the roots; to abolish or
exterminate; to remove by surgery
apprise
v.:to give notice to, inform
apprise
v.:to give notice to, inform
vituperate
v.:to revile, to scold
harshly, to vilify
imminent
adj.:about to happen; impending
zealous
passionate; extremely interested in pursuing
something
ablate
v.:to remove through erosion or evaporation; to become
reduced by erosion or evaporation
antipathy
n.:aversion, dislike
tenacity
persistent adherence to a belief or a point
of view
manumit
v.:to release from slavery
squander
v.:to waste by spending or using irresponsibly
obstinate
stubbornly adhering to an opinion or a course
of action
impunity
n.:immunity from punishment or penalty
interdict
v.:to prohibit, to forbid; to
stop enemy movement by destroying supply lines
prognosticate
v.:to predict; foreshadow, presage
pervasive
adj.:having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
intrepid
courageous; fearless
fastidious
possessing careful attention to detail;
difficult to please
posit
v.:to postulate or theorize, to assume to be true; to
place in position
enigmatic
adj.:mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
amenable
adj.:agreeable; responsive to suggestion
bruit (BROOT)
v.:to pass news of; repeat
exemplary
commendable
gloze
v.:to palliate, to minimize, to gloss (over)
dogged
stubbornly persevering
disinterested
adj.:indifferent; free from self-interest
undulate
v.:to move smoothly in a wavelike motion; to
cause to move smoothly in a wavelike motion
martial
adj.:associated with war and the armed forces
diligent
marked by painstaking effort; hard-working
conscientious
careful and principled
relegate
v.:to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
deliquesce
v.:to melt away, to become liquid
assiduous
hard-working
brook
v.:to tolerate, endure
macerate (MAS uh rayt
v.:to make or become soft by soaking; to cause to
waste away (usually be starving)
adamant
extremely stubborn
susurrate
v.:to make a soft rustling sound, to whisper
n.:a whispering sound
audacious
adj.:daring and fearless; recklessly bold
assuage
v.:to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
disparate
fundamentally distinct or different
fleer (FLIR)
v.:to smirk in contempt, to leer; n.:a derisive look, a
sneer
gauche
adj.:crude, awkward, tasteless
disingenuous
not straightforward; crafty
unfeigned
adj.:genuine; not false or hypocritical
eschew
v.:to shun
usurp
to take power by force
sough(SAOW or SUHF)
v.:to make a murmuring or sighing sound n.:a soft
murmuring sound
rail
v.:to complain about bitterly
omnipotent
all-powerful
crepitate
v.:to make a crackling noise; to crackle
auspicious
adj.:favorable, prosperous, well-omened
prattle
v.:to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
cachinnate
v.:to laugh really hard; to guffaw
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
haughty
condescendingly proud
immolate
v.:to kill as a sacrificial victim; to commit
suicide by fire; to destroy
bolster
v.:to provide support or reinforcement
dictatorial
domineering; oppressively overbearing
jape
v.:to joke, to quip; to make fun of n.:a joke, something
meant to amuse
eclectic
adj.:composed of elements drawn from various sources
wreak
v.:to inflict; to vent, to indulge; to cause
innocuous
adj.:harmless; causing no damage
despotic
characterized by exercising absolute power
tyrannically
renege
v.:to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
annihilate
to destroy completely
mollycoddle
v.:to indulge, to pamper; n.:a boy who
is pampered; a wimp or weakling
abdicate
to formally give up power
coruscate
v.:to glitter or sparkle; to be brilliant in
technique or intelligence
malleable
adj.:capable of being shaped or formed; tractable; pliable
kibitz
v.:to give unasked-for advice, esp. in a card game
aesthetic
adj.:dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or
the beautiful
parody
an artistic work that imitates the style of
another work for comic effect
babbitt
n.:a member of the middle class who is so fond of its
ideals as to be narrow minded and conceited
decorum
n.:polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
thwart
to prevent the occurrence of
wary
on guard; watchful
troglodyte
n.:a member of any ancient or mythological
race that dwelt in caves; a recluse, a brutish person, a hermit
virulent
adj.:extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or
antagonistic
nocturnal
of or occurring in the night
nimbus
n.:a luminous cloud surrounding an ancient god while
on earth; an atmosphere that surrounds a person or thing; a brilliant
light that surrounds a holy person, god, or emperor that is used in
artistic representation to denote holiness; a rain cloud
credulous
adj.:tending to believe too readily; gullible
conflagration
a widespread fire
paramour
n.:a lover, esp. an illicit lover
hackneyed
adj.:rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
apodictic
adj.:unequivocally true
dyad
n.:two individuals thought of as a pair
sturm und drang
n.:turmoil; a late eighteenth
century German literary movement in which a person's individual struggle
against conventional society was a typical theme
nictate
v.:to wink
etiolated
adj.:to whiten or become bleached
divagate
v.:to wander; to digress
gad
v.:to wander with no apparent purpose
sashay
v.:to walk, to glide in an easy or casual manner; to
strut; to do a certain dance move in which one foot slides sideways and
is then followed by the other (like a gallop) n.:the dance move
described above; an outing
ululate
v.:to wail or howl loudly
reify
v.:to treat (mentally) something that is abstract as
if it were real
brook
v.:to tolerate or endure
moil
v.:to toil; to work assiduously and continuously
n.:drudgery, confusion
twit
v.:to tease, ridicule in a good humored way; n.:the act of
ridiculing; a taunt; (slang) a fool
burke
v.:to suppress quietly or stifle; to disregard; to kill
someone through suffocation
contraindicate
v.:to suggest that something is
inadvisable (usually used in discussing medical treatments)
perorate
v.:to make a long speech, esp. in
a grandiloquent manner; to sum up a speech
exculpate
v.:to free from blame, to prove to be
guiltless
ideate
v.:to form an idea, to conceive
coquet
v.:to flirt; to dally
predicate
v.:to establish, to base; to affirm, to
declare; to ascribe a quality to (used with of)
tergiversate
v.:to equivocate, evade, esp. in a
dishonorable manner; to desert a cause; apostatize
embrangle
v.:to entangle; to mix up in confusion (also
imbrangle)
roister
v.:to engage in boisterous revelry; to swagger
immure
v.:to enclose as if within a wall; to entomb into a
wall
gird
v.:to encircle as with a belt; to prepare for action
peculate
v.:to embezzle money
defalcate
v.:to embezzle
degauss
v.:to eliminate the magnetic field of something
quaff
v.:to drink deeply; to drink of a liquid freely n.:a drink
bedizen
v.:to dress in a gaudy fashion
educe
v.:to draw out something that is present in a latent
state, elicit, evoke
sully
v.:to dirty, soil or stain; to defile
titivate
v.:to decorate, spruce up, make alterations in
ones appearance
absquatulate
v.:to decamp
imprecate
v.:to curse
bray
v.:to crush into powder
emend
v.:to correct, improve, esp. to correct a
literary text
disabuse
v.:to correct someone; to free from
misconception
discombobulate
v.:to confuse; to throw into a
state of chaos or confusion
homologate
v.:to confirm officially
adjure
v.:to command earnestly
masticate
v.:to chew, to grind with the teeth; to grind
diddle
v.:to cheat or swindle (slang)
dily
a remarkable thing or a person (slang)
confabulate
v.:to chat; in psychology, to replace
fact with fantasy in memory
bowdlerize
v.:to censor prudishly
canoodle
v.:to caress or make love; to persuade through
caressing
vaunt
v.:to brag about; to brag
gallivant
v.:to bop about happily, esp. with members of
the opposite sex
nonplus
v.:to bewilder, to make incapable of speaking or
doing n.:a state of confusion
genuflect
v.:to bend one's knees or touch a knee to the
ground in worship; to grovel
decollate
v.:to behead
comport
v.:to behave (oneself) in a particular manner; to
agree; to suit
ossify
v.:to become bone; to become rigidly conventional,
to mold into a conventional pattern
niggle
v.:to be obsessed with trivialities; to quibble, to
constantly find fault with
arrogate
v.:to appropriate without right, to make undue
claim to, assume; to appropriate for another in an unwarranted manner
commove
v.:to agitate; to move violently
excoriate
v.:to abrade, to wear the skin off; to
denounce scathingly
philippic
n.:tirade, an attack
serif
n.:those little lines that are used in printing on the
end of broad strokes used to form the lines of a letter
empiricism
n.:the view that experience is the only
valid source of knowledge; a way of practicing medicine in which all
theory is disregarded and only practical experience is used; quackery
pleonasm
n.:the use of an excess of words to express an
idea when only a few words would make the same statement clear to
anyone who could see with his own eyes; superfluity
trope
n.:the use of a word in a figurative sense, a figure of
speech
avatar
n.:an archetype; a temporary incarnation of a
continuing entity; the embodiment of a Hindu deity, esp. Vishnu
babbitt
n.:a member of the middle class who is so fond of its
ideals as to be narrow minded and conceited
gymnosophist
n.:a member of an ancient Hindu sect
that wore no clothes and meditated a lot
farrago
n.:a medley, a mixture
omphaloskepsis
n.:a meditation on one's navel
practiced by Eastern mystics to achieve mystical fulfillment
nostrum
n.:a medicine, made up of secret
ingredients, whose efficacy is in question, and is usually prepared by the
person selling it; a panacea
cachet
n.:a mark or quality of distinction or
authenticity; prestige; an indication of approval
parlance
n.:a manner of speaking, diction, idiom,
phraseology; a speech, an instance of speaking
epiphany
n.:a manifestation of God or other divine
being; a sudden understanding of the essential meaning of something
ombudsman
n.:a man who mediates
settlements between aggrieved parties, esp. representing people against the
government; a mediator
sesquipedalian
n.:a long word, or one with many
syllables adj.:given to using long words
juggernaut
n.:a massive unstoppable
object that crushes anything in its path
ruck
n.:a mass, a throng, a crowd; the group of horses left
behind in a race, or people who are not distinguishable as opposed to their
leader
palaver
n.:a long meeting or conference; idle chitchat;
talk meant to charm v.:to cajole, to wheedle; to partake of idle chitchat
screed
n.:a long and monotonous tirade or a long letter
grig
n.:a lively person
dada
n.:a literary and artistic movement (1916-1923) in Europe
that thrived on absurdity, flouting conventional artistic values
portmanteau
n.:a large suitcase; a portmanteau word is a
word made from two other words by combining sounds; e.g. smog
beguine
n.:a kind of popular dance, associated
with Martinique; adj.:syncopated beat
sinecure
n.:a job or position that pays
a salary but requires no work
nimrod
n.:a hunter
tor
n.:a high rocky hill or pile of rocks
chirr
n.:a harsh sound similar to that made by crickets.
nebbish
an offensive term that deliberately insults somebody’s courage, personality, and initiative (insult)
gemeinschaft
n.:a group with similar tastes or a strong
sense of identity
gestalt
n.:a group or configuration whose individual parts
cannot stand alone, nor can they be understood as simply the summation
of the elements
claque
n.:a group of people paid to applaud during a performance;
a group of obsequious admirers
coffle
n.:a group of animals or prisoners chained in a line
puce
n.:a gray brownish purple
bonhomie
n.:a genial disposition; a
genial atmosphere
mercurial
quick and changeable in mood
dilettante
n.:one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the
arts or a branch of knowledge
bonhomie
n.:a genial disposition; a
genial atmosphere
syncretism
n.:a fusion of differing systems of
belief or philosophy
syllogism
n.:a form of logic in which major and minor
premises are made, and from them a conclusion is drawn; the process of
deduction; a crafty or specious argument
coxcomb
n.:a fop; a self-satisfied dandy
schlemiel
n.:a foolish, unlucky, clumsy wimp
marplot
n.:a foolish meddler who causes a plot to fail
myrmidon
n.:a follower who faithfully obeys orders
without asking questions
minx
n.:a flirtatious young woman or girl
mulct
n.:a fine; a penalty v.:to fine; to swindle, to bleed
metonymy
n.:a figure of speech in which a word is
substituted for a related word with which it is associated
canard
n.:a false, intentionally misleading story
jactitation
n.:a false boasting or claim, esp. one
that hurts others; a twitching of the body or its parts
homunculus
n.:a dwarf, a small human; a tiny human
believed by early biologists to live in a sperm cell
oubliette
n.:a dungeon which has only one exit, a trap door
in its roof
nepenthe
n.:a drug or something else that helps someone
forget sorrow or pain
luftmensch
n.:a dreamer; a person who is impractical
pettifogger
n.:a disreputable lawyer who works mainly
on petty cases; one who worries over trivial details
imbroglio
n.:a difficult situation; a complicated
disagreement; a confused mass
argot
n.:a dialect of a particular group
charybdis
n.:a destructive hazard
cuckold
n.:a derisive word for a man whose wife is
unfaithful; v.:to make into a cuckold
fop
n.:a dandy, coxcomb, a man overly concerned with (and usually
vain about) his manners and clothes
diadem
n.:a crown that symbolizes royalty; royal power;
v.:to adorn with a diadem
bower
n.:a cottage or abode; a shelter in a garden made of tree
limbs
cognoscente
n.:a connoisseur;
one with refined taste, esp. in the fine arts
mountebank
n.:a conman who sells false medicines and
uses jokes or tricks to attract customers; an impostor or charlatan
trade-last
n.:a compliment that one has overheard and is
willing to trade to a person if that person will repeat a favorable
remark made about oneself
weltanschauung
n.:a complete philosophy of the
universe, world view
votary
n.:a committed worshiper; a zealously devoted
person; an enthusiast
dissonance
n.:a combination of sounds that is harsh;
discord; discrepancy; strife
caryatid
column in the shape of a draped female figure supporting a structure such as the frieze or porch of a classical Greek temple
demimonde
n.:a class of kept women or other woman of
lower social standing; a group with marginal success or respectability
gobbet
n.:a chunk or piece, esp. of raw flesh; a lump, or
morsel; a mouthful
hobson's choice
n.:a choice where one must take what
is offered or must take nothing at all
wunderkind
n.:a child with exceptional talent who
becomes famous at an early age, a prodigy
pablum
n.:Trite or simplistic writing, speech, or concepts; a
cereal for infants patented in 1932; something made palatable
ailurophile
n.:a cat lover
quidnunc
n.:a busybody, one who needs to know everything
tome
n.:a book, esp. a large, heavy scholarly book
incunabula
n.:a book from before the invention
of the printing press (1501); anything in its infancy
hagiography
n.:a biography of
saints; a biography that idealizes or worships its subjec
tyro
n.:a beginner, one who understands the basics but lacks
any experience
bastinado
n.:a beating; a form of punishment in which
a person is hit on the soles of his feet with a stick
bibelot
n.:a bauble, a small decorative
object; a finely crafted miniature book
hootenanny
n.:a "thingamajig"; an informal jam session
of singers with participation from the audience
schlimazel
n.:a "born loser," an unlucky simp
leitmotif
n.:(music) a repeating theme
associated with a particular character (in Wagnerian opera); a dominant
and recurring theme
demesne
n.:possessed legally; land attached to a home or
estate; a region; a realm
fungible
)adj.:able to replace something of equal value,
e.g. a quantity of grain that can replace the same amount;
interchangeable
moot
n.:(law) a hypothetical case or trial used as an exercise;
<I>v.</I> to discuss, to broach adj.:subject to debate; of no legal
significance; of no importance, made academic
nadir
n.:(astronomy) the point diametrically opposed to the
zenith, directly below the observer; the lowest point
weltschmerz
n.:world weariness
verbiage
n.:wordiness, too many words for the purpose; how
words are used to express something, diction, wording
glabrous
adj.:without hair; smooth
pace
prep.:with deference to
sapient
adj.:wise, sagacious, shrewd
feral
adj.:wild by nature; tame animals whose
descendants have become wild; like a wild animal
synesthesia
n.:when one sense informs the other (a
sound makes one see color); a description of one sense with a term used
in another sense (loud pattern)
synergy
n.:when combined or cooperative force is stronger
than its individual parts
chary
adj.:wary, extremely cautious; sparing
flagitious
adj.:vicious, characterized by cruelty or
brutality, extremely wicked; scandalous
agog
adj.:very excited; impatiently eager
panache
n.:verve; style; a plume of feathers, esp. on a
helmet
chiaroscuro
n.:using light and shade for
representation in painting or drawing; the arrangements of such elements in a
work of art
hullabaloo
n.:uproar, great noise or excitement;
excited confusion
fractious
adj.:unruly, with a tendency to make trouble;
cranky
indeterminism
n.:unpredictability; the
philosophical theory that not everything is predetermined
sui generis
adj.:unique, of its own kind
decalogue
n.:the Ten Commandments; a set of rules that is
fundamental
psephology
n.:the study of elections
numismatics
n.:the study of coins or currency; the
collecting of coins or currency
tintinnabulation
n.:the sound made when
bells ring
dybbuk
n.:the soul of a dead person that controls a living
person's behavior
fillip
n.:the snap made when a finger is pressed and held
against one's thumb and then suddenly released; a small stimulus (also
filip) v.:to strike with a fillip, to stimulate
doyenne
n.:the senior female member of a group
hermeneutics
n.:the science of interpretation
anomie
n.:the resultant instability caused by an erosion of
values; unsocial behavior caused by a person's disorganization
abreaction
n.:the release of pent-up
emotions through verbalizing a previous event that caused a conflict or
catharsis (psychology)
atavism
n.:the reappearance or return
of a previous trait after a period in which the trait had not appeared
ubiety
n.:the quality of being in a particular position
or location, whereness
dharma
n.:the principle that orders the universe; one's
conduct with regard to that principle; something's essential function
prophylaxis
n.:the prevention or protection from
disease
apogee
.:the point of a moon or an artificial satellite
when it is as far away as possible from the center of its orbit; the apex
or highest point
determinism
n.:the philosophy that everything is
caused by some previous action that is out of human hands
positivism
n.:the philosophical theory that only
sense perceptions can be used for precise thought; similar to empiricism
ontology
n.:the philosophical study of the nature of
being
interregnum
n.:the period between the end of one
sovereign's reign and the beginning of another's; a period when government
has stopped temporarily
morass
something that traps, confuses, or overwhelms
laudatory
expressing great praise
intuitive
knowing or perceiving quickly and readily
eclectic
made up of a variety of sources or styles
dilettante
a dabbler in, or one who superficially
understands an art or a field of knowledge
malfeasance
misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by a
public official
malice
extreme ill will or spite
brittle
easily broken when subjected to pressure
toxic
poisonous
novice
a beginner
nascent
coming into existence; emerging
naive
lacking sophistication
emulate
to try to equal or excel, especially through
imitation
archaic
characteristic of an earlier, more primitive
period; old-fashioned
staid
characterized by a strait-laced sense of propriety;
serious
genre
escribing a category of artistic endeavor
austere
somber, stern
tenet
a principle held as being true by a person or an
organization
prudent
exercising good judgment or common sense
prosaic
unimaginative; dull
mundane
commonplace; ordinary
immutable
not able to be changed
trepidation
uncertainty; apprehension
timorous
shy; timid
tenuous
having little substance or strength; shaky;
flimsy
tacit
implied but not actually expressed
obscure
relatively unknown; or to conceal or make
indistinct
ephemeral
lasting for a markedly brief time
wane
to decrease gradually in intensity; decline
truncated
shortened; cut off
obsolete
no longer in use; old-fashioned
lament
to express grief for; mourn
laconic
using few words
impinge
to encroach in a way that violates the rights of
another
pervasive
having the quality or tendency to be
everywhere at the same time
parochial
narrow in scope
inveterate
long established; deep-rooted; habitual
innate
possessed at birth; inborn
indigenous
riginating and living in a particular area
incumbent
mposed as a duty; obligatory
penitent
expressing remorse for one’s misdeeds
Examples:
vindicated
freed from blame
jurisprudence
the philosophy or science of law
incontrovertible
indisputable; not open to
question
biased
prejudiced
plausible
seemingly valid or acceptable; credible
facile
one or achieved with little effort; easy
solvent
able to pay one’s debts
apt
suitable; appropriate
feasible
capable of being accomplished; possible
equanimity
the quality of being calm and
even-tempered; composure
catalog
to make an itemized list of
impetuous
characterized by sudden energy or emotion
furtive
characterized by stealth; sneaky
reclamation
a restoration or rehabilitation to
productivity or usefulness
stratagem
a clever trick used to deceive or outwit
rancorous
hateful; marked by deep-seated ill will
pugnacious
combative; belligerent
implacable
impossible to appease
heresy
an opinion that disagrees with established,
dearly-held beliefs
enmity
mutual hatred or ill-will
coup
a brilliant and sudden overthrow of a government
clandestine
secretive, especially in regard to
concealing an illicit purpose
temperate
moderate; mild
arid
describing a dry, rainless climate
curtailed
cut short; abbreviated
insightful
perceptive
terse
brief and to the point; concise
pragmatic
practical
frank
open and sincere in expression; straightforward
burgeoning
expanding or growing rapidly
ample
describing a large amount of something
rapport
a relationship of mutual trust or affinity
hackneyed
overly familiar through overuse; trite
florid
describing flowery or elaborate speech
inconsequential
unimportant
arbiter
a judge who decides a disputed issue
aesthetic
aving to do with the appreciation of beauty
trite
unoriginal; overused; stale
pejorative
describing words or phrases that belittle
or speak negatively of someone
glower
to look or stare angrily or sullenly
disdain
to regard or treat with contempt; to look down on
capricious
impulsive and unpredictable
spurious
not genuine; false
rehabilitate
to restore to good health, useful
life or good condition
regulation
a principle or condition that
customarily governs behavior
regret
a sense of loss and longing for someone or something
gone
regeneration
the renewal or restoration of
something
refurbish
to restore or brighten up
refrain
a recurring phrase of a poem or song
reflection
the return of light or sound waves; careful
consideration
redundant
more than is needed, desired, or required
ravenous
very eager or greedy for food, satisfaction, or
gratification
medley
an assortment or a mixture, especially of musical
pieces
idyllic
simple and carefree
embellish
to make beautiful by ornamenting; to decorate
decorous
proper; marked by good taste
gourmand
a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to
excess
goad
to provoke; to stir to action or feeling
fortuitous
having no cause or apparent cause;
occurring by happy chance
fickle
marked by erratic changes in affections or
attachments
dogmatic
characterized by a stubborn adherence to
insufficiently proved beliefs
didactic
intended to instruct
faction
a party or group (as within a government) that is
often contentious or self-seeking
ecstatic
feeling great rapture or delight
caustic
bitingly sarcastic or witty
mural
a big painting applied directly to a wall
repel
cause aversion in; repulse
repeal
to recall; to call back
renowned
widely known and esteemed
renounce
to refuse to follow, obey, or recognize any
further
render
to cause to be, or to become
remuneration
the act of paying for goods or
services or to recompense for losses
remorseful
motivated by a sense of guilt for past
wrongs
dubious
doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
aberration
a deviation from the way things normally
happen or are done
disparage
to speak of in a slighting way or negatively;
to belittle
vilify
to make vicious statements about
vacuous
devoid of matter; empty
replicate
to make, do, or perform again
replica
a copy exact in all details
replenish
to fill or build up again; to nourish
repetition
the act or process of repeating or being
repeated
purge
to free from impurities; purify; to rid of sin or guilt
punitive
inflicting punishment
pariah
a person who is rejected (from society or home)
pardoned
forgiven; absolved; excused; acquitted
parched
dried out by heat or excessive exposure to sunlight
parasite
a creature that lives in or on another and from
which it obtains nourishment; one who lives off another
optimistic
anticipating the best possible outcome
oppressive
unreasonably burdensome or severe
opportunist
a person who takes immediate advantage,
often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
olfactory
of or relating to the sense of smell
ecology
the branch of biology concerned with the
relations between organisms and their environment
desolate
devoid of inhabitants; deserted, barren;
lifeless; sad and forlorn
stoic
indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive
deprecate
to disapprove of strongly
depose
force to leave an office, such as a king
ointment
a substance resembling a cream that soothes the
skin
offbeat
not conforming to an ordinary type or pattern;
unconventional
obsessive
characterized by or constituting an obsession
obscene
something that incites depravity; offensive or
repulsive
monument
something that stands to keep something in
remembrance
monotonous
tediously repetitious or lacking in variety
merciful
full of mercy; compassionate; unwilling to
punish
candor
sincerity; openness
replete
abundantly supplied; filled
prodigious
enormous
permeated
spread or flowing throughout
copious
plentiful; having a large quantity
capacious
roomy; spacious
mentor
a trusted counselor or guide
mend
to repair a hole or a relationship
menacing
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic
developments
memoir
a narrative composed from personal experience
melodrama
a drama characterized by exaggerated
emotions, stereotypical characters, and interpersonal conflicts
melodious
having a musical sound; especially a
pleasing tune
melancholy
depression of spirits
incite
to move to action
incisive
impressively direct and decisive
incinerator
a furnace that burns waste
implicit
implied though not directly expressed
implement
to put into execution
implausible
having a quality that provokes
disbelief; highly imaginative but unlikely; farfetched
impious
lacking piety or reverence for a god; lacking
due respect or dutifulness
imperturbable
not easily excited or upset; marked
by extreme calm and composure
impersonal
having no personal reference or connection
imperial
of or relating to an empire or an emperor
imperceptible
extremely slight, gradual, or
subtle
clarity
clearness in thought or expression
ambiguous
open to more than one interpretation
prophetic
foretelling or predicting future events
portend
to serve as an omen or a warning of
ominous
menacing; threatening
harbinger
one that indicates what is to come; a
forerunner
unfettered
set free from restrictions or bonds
transitory
short-lived or temporary
remote
located far away
itinerant
traveling from place to place
parsimonious
excessively cheap
unpalatable
not pleasing to the taste
repugnant
causing disgust or hatred
obdurate
stubborn; inflexible
notorious
known widely and usually unfavorably;
infamous
malevolent
having or exhibiting ill will; wishing
harm to others; hateful
insolent
insulting in manner or speech
ingrate
an ungrateful person
incorrigible
unable to be reformed
feral
savage, fierce, or untamed
caustic
bitingly sarcastic or witty
cantankerous
grumpy; disagreeable
brusque
describing a rudely abrupt manner
innocuous
having no bad effect; harmless
salutary
promoting good health
amenable
responsive; agreeable
amiable
good-natured and likable
cerebral
involving intelligence rather than emotions or
instinct
censure
to criticize severely; blame
reprehensible
bringing or deserving severe
rebuke or censure
throng
a large gathering of people
tepid
lacking in passion, force, or zest
tentative
not final or fully worked out; hesitant
scrutinize
To examine closely; to inspect or observe
with critical attention
scrupulous
careful to avoid doing wrong
scrumptious
extremely pleasing to the sense of taste
scorch
to make or feel hot, as if by cooking; to burn
scathing
marked by harshly abusive criticism
scapegoat
one that is made to bear the blame of others
scandal
loss of or damage to reputation caused by actual or
apparent violation of morality or propriety
savory
leasing to the organs of taste or smell
reprimand
a severe or formal criticism
reprieve
(temporary) relief from harm or discomfort
representation
an artistic likeness or image
reprehensible
bringing or deserving severe
rebuke or censure
relegate
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower
position or place
placate
to appease, to calm by making concessions
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
hedonist
only interested in pleasure
enigmatic
mysterious, obscure, difficult to understand
cynicism
belief that all people are motivated by
selfishness
contentious
argumentative, quarrelsome
avarice
greed, especially for wealth
abscond
to steal away and hide; to sneak off
platitude
a superficial remark, especially one offered
as meaningful
despair
utter loss of hope
peruse
to examine with great care
latent
in a dormant or hidden stage
semantic
pertaining to the meaning of words or symbols
vernacular
everyday speech, slang, idiom
verdant
covered with green plants; leafy; inexperienced
wanton
malicious, unjustifiable, unprovoked, unrestrained
sublime
of great intellectual, moral, or spiritual value;
superior; impressive
pedantic
boringly scholarly or academic
irascible
easily angered or provoked, irritable
furrow
a narrow groove; to make wrinkles in the face
vandalism
willful and malicious destruction of the
property of others
truculent
defiantly aggressive
troupe
a group of theatrical performers
troubadour
a singer of folk songs
stymied
thwarted; stumped; blocked
quandary
a state of uncertainty or perplexity
ostentatious
describing a showy or pretentious
recalcitrant
defiant of authority; stubborn; not
easily managed
propriety
appropriateness of behavior
pander
to cater to the lower tastes and desires of others or
exploit their weaknesses
facetious
playfully humorous
ruse
crafty trick
slander
false charges and malicious oral statements or
reports about someone
specious
having the ring of truth or plausibility but
actually false
superfluous
extra; unnecessary
squalor
a filthy condition or quality
sonorous
having or producing a deep rich sound
ponderous
having a great weight; massive
insipid
uninteresting; unchallenging
gratuitous
given freely; unearned; unwarranted
garrulous
given to excessive, rambling talk
frenetic
wildly excited or active
farce
an absurdly ridiculous situation
ebullience
intense enthusiasm
paucity
an extreme lack of
torpor
laziness; inactivity; dullness
stupor
a state of reduced or suspended sensibility
soporific
feeling sleepy,tedious
sedentary
not migratory; settled
listless
lacking energy; lazy
indolent
indolent
enervate
to weaken the strength or vitality of
dilatory
describing one who habitually delays or is
tardy
impenetrable
incapable of being understood
impede
to slow the progress of
trite
unoriginal; overused; stale
plagiarism
the act of passing off as one’s own the
ideas or writings of another
pejorative
describing words or phrases that belittle
or speak negatively of someone
glower
to look or stare angrily or sullenly
disdain
to regard or treat with contempt; to look down on
capricious
impulsive and unpredictable
spurious
not genuine; false
reign
the time during which a king, queen, or emperor has the
supreme authority; dominance or widespread influence
rehabilitate
to restore to good health, useful
life or good condition
regulation
a principle or condition that
customarily governs behavior
regeneration
the renewal or restoration of
something
refurbish
to restore or brighten up
refrain
a recurring phrase of a poem or song
reflection
the return of light or sound waves; careful
consideration
reef
a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the surface of the
water
redundant
more than is needed, desired, or required
ravenous
very eager or greedy for food, satisfaction, or
gratification
raucous
unpleasantly loud and harsh
medley
an assortment or a mixture, especially of musical
pieces
idyllic
simple and carefree
aesthetic
having to do with the appreciation of beauty
wily
cunning
heinous
hatefully evil; abominable
futile
having no useful purpose
arduous
difficult; painstaking
abstruse
hard to understand
poignant
profoundly moving; touching
adage
a wise old saying
emphatic
expressed with emphasis
effusive
describing unrestrained emotional expression;
gushy
calamity
an event resulting in great loss and
misfortune
cajole
to influence by gentle urging or flattering
antithesis
the direct opposite
antiquity
the quality of being old or ancient
antipathy
settled aversion or dislike
arcane
requiring secret or mysterious knowledge
ardor
warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal
abash
to cause to feel self-conscious; to confuse or
confound
buttress
to support or reinforce; to sustain, prop, or
bolster
berate
to scold or rebuke
bequeath
to leave or give by will
whimsical
subject to erratic behavior; unpredictable
trenchant
keen; incisive
epiphany
a sudden burst of understanding or discovery
multifacete
having many aspects
morose
having a sullen and gloomy disposition
ambivalent
simultaneously feeling opposing feelings,
such as love and hate
substantiated
supported with proof or evidence;
verified
sanction
to give official authorization or approval to
mollify
to calm or soothe
glutton
one given habitually to greedy and voracious eating
and drinking
fraternize
to associate with; to make friends with
foster
to promote the growth of; to encourage
mitigate
to make less severe or painful
emollient
softening and soothing
benign
kind and gentle
auspicious
attended by favorable circumstances
affable
easy-going; friendly
lucid
easily understood
pristine
not spoiled; pure
opulent
exhibiting a display of great wealth
repel
cause aversion in; repulse
repeal
to recall; to call back
renowned
widely known and esteemed
renounce
to refuse to follow, obey, or recognize any
further
render
to cause to be, or to become
remuneration
the act of paying for goods or
services or to recompense for losses
remorseful
motivated by a sense of guilt for past
wrongs
dubious
doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
aberration
a deviation from the way things normally
happen or are done
disparage
to speak of in a slighting way or negatively;
to belittle
vilify
o make vicious statements about
vacuous
devoid of matter; empty
cogent
convincing; reasonable
demagogue
a leader who obtains power by appealing to the
emotions and prejudices of the people
coalesce
to come together as one, to fuse, to unite
vapid
cking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force
vacillate
to waver indecisively between one course of
action or opinion and another
waver
to move to and fro, to sway, to be unsettled in
opinion
ubiquitous
existing everywhere at the same time;
widespread