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1390 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
vital (adjective): necessary for life
o
vit + al
o
The cancer had not yet spread to her vital organs and she was given an excellent chance for a full recovery.
revive (verb): to return to life
o
After spending a day in the sun, I was revived by a glass of water.
vocal (adjective): uttered by the voice, producing sound
o
Parrots are known to be very vocal birds.
o
re + voke
o
Karl's license was revoked because he was caught driving 20 miles over the speed limit.
revolve (verb): to turn around
o
re + volve
o
The earth revolves around the sun.
revolt (verb): to rebel, to turn against, to feel disgust
o
It was the peasants who revolted during the French Revolution.
evolution (noun): the process by which something develops
o
Darwin and other natural scientists have developed theories of evolution.
a-, ac-, ad-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, as-, at- to, toward, near, in addition to
o
aside (adverb): to or toward the side
a + side
o
accompany (verb): to go with someone as a companion
ac + com + pan + y
o
adjust (verb): to correct, to move closer to a correct position
ad + just
o
affix (verb): to attach to something, to fasten
af + fix
o
aggression (noun): hostile behavior towards someone or something
ag + gress + ion
o
allocate (verb): to distribute to specific people or for specific purposes
al + loc + ate
o
annihilate (verb): to destroy
an + nihil + ate
o
associate (verb): to join with
as + soci + ate
o
attend (verb): to look after, to go to
at + tend
a-, an- not, without
o
apolitical (adjective): without interest in politics
a + polit + ic + al
o
anemia (noun): the condition (disease) of not having enough red blood cells
an + em + ia
ab-, abs- away from, off
o
abrupt (adjective): unexpected change
ab + rupt
o
absolve (verb): to be set free from one's actions or obligations
ab + solve
ante- before
o
anterior (adjective): before or near the front
ante + rior
anti- against
o
antipathy (noun): dislike, opposite feeling
anti + path + y
auto- self
o
automotive (adjective): related to self-propelled machines
auto + mot + ive
bi- two
o
biped (noun): a two-footed animal
bi + ped
o
biennial (adjective): happening every two years bi + enni + al
cat-, cata-, cath- down, with
o
category (noun): a class or set to which a thing belongs
cate + gor + y
o
catalogue (noun): a book or pamphlet that lists and describes
cata + log + ue
o
catheter (noun): a medical device used to tranfer fluids cath +eter
circum- around
o
circumvent (verb): to manage to get around a situation
circum + vent
co-, cog-, col-, com-, con-, cor together, with
o
cohesiveness (noun): the ability to stick together
co + hes + ive + ness
o
cognate (adjective): related, similar in nature
cog + nate
o
collaborate (verb): to work together
col + lab + or + ate
o
commitment (noun): to entrust, to put into a place
com + mit + ment
o
convenient (adjective): handy, nearby
con + veni + ent
o
correct (verb): to set right, to be right
cor + rect
contra- against, opposite
o
contradict (verb) to state the opposite
contra + dict
de- to do the opposite, to take away from
o
decrease (verb): to grow smaller, to become less
de + cre + ase
di-, dif-, dis- apart, separate, two, opposite, not
o
divide (verb): to separate into two or more parts
di + vide
o
differ (verb): to be unlike
dif + fer
dis- not, opposite of, exclude
o
distrust (verb): to have no confidence or trust
dis + trust
o
emit (verb) to send out
e + mit
o
expel (verb): to force out ex + pel
en-, em- put into
o
enamor (verb): to cause to love, to "put" someone "into" love
en + am + + or
o
empower (verb): to give power, to put into power em + pow + er
epi-, upon, beside, over
o
epilogue (noun): the concluding section of a play or literary work
epi + logue
extra- beyond
o
extraordinary (adjective): going beyond normal
extra + ordin + ary
il-, im-, in-, ir, not, in
o
illegible (adjective): cannot be read
il + leg + ible
o
imposter (noun): someone who poses as someone else
im + post + er
o
inaction (noun): lack of motion, idle
in + act + ion
o
irresolute (adjective): uncertain about hot to act, undecided, not having a solution
ir + re + solute
in-, im-, il- in, into
o
instead (adverb): in place of, an alternative
in + stead
o
import (verb): to bring into a country from another country
im + port
inter- between, among
o
interject (verb): to throw something (usually a comment) between other things
inter + ject
intro- into
o
introspection (noun): to look into one's own thoughts and feelings
intro + spect + ion
mal- bad
o
malfunction (noun): when something does not work properly
mal + funct + ion
mis- wrong
o
misconduct (noun): wrong doing, bad behavior
mis + con + duct
mono- one
o
monologue (noun): a dramatic performance or speech given by one actor
mono + logue
multi- many
o
multiply (verb): to increase in number
multi + ply
non- not, no
o
nonsense (noun): something that has no meaning or makes no sense
non + sense
o
obtain (verb): to gain or get, to get a hold of
ob + tain
o
occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
oc + cur
o
offer (verb): to attempt to give, to propose, to try to hand out
of + fer
o
oppose (verb): to be against, to stand in the way of something
op + pose
over- excessive, above
o
overwork (verb): to have too much work
over + work
para- beside
o
paradox (noun): a statement that seems true and contradictory at the same time
para + dox
per- through
o
persecute (verb): to go after, to pursue
per + secute
post- after
o
postpone (verb): to put off to a later time, to delay
post + pone
pre- before
o
precede (verb): to go before, to come in front of
pre + cede
pro- for, foward
o
propel (verb): to push forward
pro + pel
re- back, again
o
readmit (verb): to allow in again
re + ad + mit
retro- backward
o
retrospect (noun) to look back at past events
retro + spect
se- apart, move away from
o
secede (verb): to withdraw from an organization
se + cede
semi- half
o
semiannual (adjective): occurring twice a year
semi + annu + al
sub-, suc-, suf-, sup-, sur-, sus under, beneath, near, from below, secretly, above, up
o
submarine (adjective): underwater
sub + mar + ine
o
succeed (verb): to do well, to come after
suc + ceed
o
suffice (verb): to be enough
suf + fice
o
support (verb): to hold up, too keep up
sup + port
o
survive (verb): to live, to live through something, to exist
sur + vive
o
sustain (verb): to keep up, to hold up,
sus + tain
super- over, above
o
superimpose (verb): to place something on top of something else
super + im + pose
syn-, sym- together, at the same time
o
synchronous (adjective): happening at the same time
syn + chron + ous
o
sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings, compassion
sym + path + y
trans- across, beyond, change
o
transform (verb): to change shape
trans + form
tri- three
o
tripod (noun): a three-legged stand
tri + pod
un- not, against, opposite
o
unceasing (adjective): never ending, continuous
un + ceas + ing
uni- one
o
uniform (adjective): having the same form or consistancy
uni + form
-acy, -cy
o
Noun: state or quality
privacy: the state of being alone
priv + acy
infancy: the state of being a baby or young child
in + fan + cy
-age
o
Noun: activity, or result of action
courage : having the spirit to overcome fear
cour + age
-al
o
Noun: action, result of action
referral : the action of directing a person to another place, person or thing
re + ferr + al
-an
o
Noun: person
artisan : a craftsperson
arti + san
-ance, -ence
o
Noun: action, state, quality or process
resistance : the action of opposing something
re + sist + ance
independence: the state of not being under the control of others, free, self-governing
in + de + pend + ence
-ancy, -ency
o
Noun: state, quality or capacity
vacancy : an empty room or position
vac + ancy
agency: the capacity to exert power or influence, a position or person that performs a function
ag + ency
-ant, -ent
o
Noun: an agent, something that performs the action
disinfectant : an agent that destroys germs, somthing that cleans
dis + in + fect + ant
dependent: a thing supported by another, a thing determined by another
de + pend + ent
-ate
o
Noun: state, office, fuction
candidate : a person nominated for an office or position
candid + ate
-ation
o
Noun: action, resulting state
specialization : the result of being distinguished by one quality or ability
spec + ial + iz + ation
-dom
o
Noun: place, state of being
wisdom : possessing knowledge
wis + dom
-er, -or
o
Noun: person or thing that does something
porter : a person who carries things
port + er
collector: a person who collects or gathers things
col + lect + or
-ful
o
Noun: an amount or quanity that fills
mouthful : an amount that fills the mouth
mouth + ful
-ian, an
o
Noun: related to, one that is
pedestrian : a person who walks
ped + estr + ian
human: a person
hum + an
-ia
o
Noun: names, diseases
phobia : an illogical fear of something
phob + ia
-iatry
o
Noun: art of healing
psychiatry : branch of medicine that deals with the mind and emotions
psych + iatry
-ic, ics
o
Noun: related to the arts and sciences
arithmetic : a branch of math that usually deals with non-negative numbers
arithm + et + ic
economics: the social science related to studying business
eco + nom + ics
-ice
o
Noun: act
malice : the desire to do evil
mal + ice
-ing
o
Noun: material made for, activity, result of an activity
flooring : a material made for floors
floor + ing
swimming: the activity of swimming or moving through water
swim(m) + ing
building: the result of making a structure
build + ing
-ion
o
Noun: condition or action
abduction : the action of carrying someone away by force
ab + duct + ion
-ism
o
Noun: doctrine, belief, action or conduct
formalism : a belief in sticking to prescribed forms or artistic styles
form + al + ism
-ist
o
Noun: person or member
podiatrist : a foot doctor
pod + iatr + ist
-ite
o
Noun: product or part
graphite : a black material used in making pencils
graph + ite
-ity, ty
o
Noun: state or quality
lucidity : clear thinking
luc + id + ity
novelty: something new or unusual
nov + el + ty
-ive
o
Noun: condition
native : a person born in a specific place
nat + ive
-ment
o
Noun: condition or result
document : an official paper usually showinf proof or evidence of something
docu + ment
-ness
o
Noun: state, condition, quality
kindness : the quality of being kind or nice
kind + ness
-or
o
Noun: condition or activity
valor : bravery, courage
val + or
-ory
o
Noun: place for, serves for
territory : an area around a place
territ + ory
-ship
o
Noun: status, condition
relationship : the state of being related or connected to something or someone
re + lat + ion + ship
-ure
o
Noun: act, condition, process, function
exposure : the condition of being exposed or unprotected
pos + ure
-y
o
Noun: state, condition, result of an activity
society : companionship
soci + et + y
victory: the result of winning something
vict + or + y
-ate
o
Verb: cause to be
graduate : to give a degree to, to pass from one stage to the next
gradu + ate
-ed
o
Verb: past tense
attained : something that has been reached or grasped
at + tain + ed
-en
o
Verb: to cause to become
moisten : to cause to become moist or damp
moist + en
-er, -or
o
Verb: action
ponder : to think about
pond + er
clamor: to make noise, to call for loudly
clam + or
-ify
o
Verb: cause
specify : to name or indicate in detail
spec + ify
-ing
o
Verb: present participle
depicting : showing, describing with images or pictures
de + pict + ing
-ize
o
Verb: cause
fantasize : to dream about something, to create images in the mind
fant + as + ize
-ure
o
act
Verb: conjecture : to come to a conclusion by supposition or guesswork
con + ject + ure
-able, -ible
o
Adjective: worth, ability
solvable : able to be solved or explained
solv + able
incredible: not able to be believed, amazing
in + cred + ible
-al, -ial, -ical
o
Adjective: quality, relation
structural : related to the physical make up of a thing
struct + ure + al
territorial: related to nearby or local areas
territ + or + ial
categorical: related to a category, aboslute
cate + gor + ical
-ant, -ent, -ient
o
Adjective: kind of agent, indication
important : marked by worth
im + port + ant
dependent: determined or relying upon something else
de + pend + ent
convenient: at hand, easy to use
con + ven + ient
-ar, -ary
o
Adjective: resembling, related to
spectacular : related to something that is eye-catching or amazing
spectac + ul + ar
unitary : related to units or single groups representing quantities
unit + ary
-ate
o
Adjective: kind of state
inviolate : not disturbed, pure
in + viol + ate
-ed
o
Adjective: having the quality of
terraced : having terraces or steps
terrac + ed
-en
o
Adjective: material
silken : made from silk, a fiber produced by worms
silk + en
-er
o
Adjective: comparative
brighter : more light
bright + er
-est
o
Adjective: superlative
strongest : having the most strength
strong + est
-ful
o
Adjective: having, giving, marked by
fanciful : marked by imagination
fanci + ful
-ic
o
Adjective: quality, relation
generic : related to a whole group
gener + ic
-ile
o
Adjective: having the qualities of
projectile : something thrown with an outside force
pro + ject + ile
-ing
o
Adjective: activity
cohering : the act of sticking together
co + her + ing
-ish
o
Adjective: having the character of
newish : modern, recent
new + ish
-ive, -ative, -itive
o
Adjective: having the quality of
festive : having the quality of a festival or party
fest + ive
cooperative : being able or willing to work with another person or thing
co + oper + ative
sensitive: easily felt, responsive to the senses
sens + itive
-less
o
Adjective: without, missing
motiveless : a reason for someone to do something
mot + ive + less
-ous, -eous, -ose, -ious
o
Adjective: having the quality of, relating to
adventurous : charcterized by the desire to seek new experiences or risks
ad + vent + ur + ous
courageous : characterized by courage, brave
cour + ag + eous
verbose: having more words than needed
verb + ose
fractious: characterized by being difficult or troublesome
fract + ious
-y
o
Adjective: marked by, having
hungry : having hunger, marked by a desire
hungr + y
-fold
o
Adverb: in a manner of, marked by
fourfold : being four times as great
four + fold
-ly
o
Adverb: in the manner of
fluently : marked by ease of movement, effortlessly smooth
flu + ent + ly
-ward
o
Adverb: in a direction or manner
homeward : toward home
home + ward
-wise
o
Adverb: in the manner of, with regard to
timewise : with regard to time
time + wise
react (verb): to act in response to something
o
re + act
o
How did he react when he heard the news?
agent (noun): something which acts or acts upon something else
o
The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets.
active (adjective): involving movement, moving about
o
act + ive
o
Joan is an active child.
agitate (verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up
o
agit + ate
o
The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.
audible ( adjective): can be heard
o
aud + ible
o
Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.
auditorium (noun): a place where one goes to hear something
o
audit+ orium
o
The band played in the school auditorium
auricular
o
aur + ic + ul + ar
o
The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.
amorous (adjective): loving
o
amor + ous
o
The actor played an amorous role.
amiable (adjective) friendly, agreeable
o
ami + able
o
He seems to be an amiable man.
amicable (adjective): friendly
o
amic + able
o
The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.
animal (noun): a living creature
o
anim + al
o
A dog is an animal.
animate (verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement
o
anim + ate
o
The artist animated the cartoon.
animosity (noun): hostility, ill will
o
animos + ity
o
There isn't any animosity between us.
annals (noun): record of events, historical records
o
ann + al + s
o
The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks.
annual (adjective): yearly
o
annu + al
o
She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting.
annuity (noun): money payable yearly
o
annu + ity
o
Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market.
anniversary (noun): the yearly celebration of an event
o
anni + vers + ary
o
John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April.
perrenial (adjective): enduring, persisting for several years
o
per + enn + ial
o
I would like to buy some perrenial plants.
author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer
o
auth + or
o
Susan met the author of this book.
augment (verb): to increase, to add to
o
aug + ment
o
He had to augment his salary by taking another job.
auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder
o
auct + ion
o
I bought this car at the auction.
benevolent (adjective): marked by goodwill
o
bene + vol + ent
o
The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society for its acts of charity.
benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
o
ben + ign
o
The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home the same day.
bibliography (noun): a list of written works
o
biblio + graph + y
o
Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.
biology (noun): the study of life
o
bio + log + y
o
In biology class the students learned about how the human body works.
brief (adjective): short
o
brief
o
Anand gave a brief lecture on the rain forest.
abbreviate (verb): to shorten
o
ab + brevi + ate
o
How does one abbreviate the word "Minnesota"?
brevity (noun): short or concise expression
o
brev + ity
o
The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his brevity.
deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it is actually false; to mislead
o
de + ceive
o
The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest.
capable (adjective): having the ablility to do something; having the traits necessary to perform some action
o
cap + able
o
Jose is a very capable lawyer.
capacious (adective): containing a great deal
o
capac + ious
o
You have a capacious library with many unusual books.
captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held prisoner
o
cap+ tive
o
The captives were taken to the jail.
o
Geoff had a captive audience.
accident (noun): an unplanned event
o
ac + cid + ent
o
Don't get upset about minor accidents and errors.
capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort
o
capt + ure
o
In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king.
occasion (noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration
o
oc + cas + ion
o
Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor?
receive (verb): to take in, to acquire
o
re + ceive
o
Imelda received many letters in the mail today.
concept (noun): an idea
o
con + cept
o
The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.
predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that another has taken over
o
pre + de + cess + or
o
I hope I can live up to my predecessor's reputation.
succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well
o
suc + ceed
o
To succeed as a student, one must study.
recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw
o
re + cede
o
The water receded five days after the flood.
concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow
o
con + cede
o
I conceded to her point of view.
exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
o
ex + ceed
o
The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour.
recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break
o
re + cess
o
The children were given a recess from the lessons.
deceased (adjective): dead
o
de + ceas + ed
o
The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.
chronic (adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence
o
chron + ic
o
Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects.
chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time
o
chron + icle
o
The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War.
chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time
o
chrono + log + ical
o
The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.
acclaim (verb): praise
o
ac + claim
o
The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts.
exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise
o
ex + claim
o
The children exclaimed "hurray" when they heard there would be no classes tomorrow.
clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise
o
clam + or
o
The children clamored for more ice cream.
proclaim (verb): to declare loudly
o
pro + claim
o
The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday in honor of the school's award winning faculty.
cognizant (adjective): aware
o
cogniz + ant
o
The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at night.
diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms
o
dia + gnose
o
The patient was diagnosed with Lyme's disease.
agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable
o
ag + gnost + ic
o
John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an agnostic.
recognize (verb): to know, to identify
o
re + cogn + ize
o
I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.
corpse (noun): a dead body
o
corpse
o
A corpse was found floating in the river.
corpulent (adjective): having a large body
o
corp + ul + ent
o
The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.
incorporate (verb): to unite into one being
o
in + corp + or + ate
o
The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her artwork.
corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
o
corp + or + ate
o
The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.
crescent (noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller
o
cresc + ent
o
The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds.
create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
o
cre + ate
o
The musician created a new musical arrangement.
accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition
o
ac + cret + ion
o
The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect.
increase (verb): to grow in size or amount
o
in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.
credible (adjective): can be believed, reasonable
o
cred + ible
o
The witness gave a credible account of the accident.
credulous (adjective): too ready to believe
o
cred + ul + ous
o
The credulous child believed the story about flying horses.
incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing
o
in + cred + ible
o
Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.
excursion (noun): a trip
o
ex + curs + ion
o
The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children.
discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk
o
dis + course
o
The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal.
courier (noun): a messenger
o
couri + er
o
The courier gave the message to the secretary.
course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run along a path
o
course
o
Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart.
occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
o
oc + cur
o
It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday.
current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water
o
curr + ent
o
Is this information current or out of date?
dictionary (noun): a book of definitions
o
dict + ion + ary
o
Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.
condition (noun): the state of something or someone
o
con + dit + ion
o
Is your car in good condition?
indicate (verb): to show, to point out
o
in + dic + ate
o
The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas.
dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order
o
dict + ate
o
The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary.
predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future
o
pre + dict
o
Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years.
addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner
o
ad + dict
o
Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.
doctor (noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers, a physician
o
doct + or
o
Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his mother.
doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma
o
doctr + ine
o
We learned about the doctrine of "manifest destiny" in our American history class.
docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
o
doc + ile
o
Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son.
document (noun): an official paper
o
docu + ment
o
The library houses many government documents in its collection.
orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs
o
ortho + dox
o
I don't know if my interpretation of that book is orthodox or not.
dogma (noun): an established opinion
o
dog + ma
o
Some people find the dogma associated with that organization disturbing.
paradox (noun): a statement that seems to contradict itself but contains some truth
o
para + dox
o
The paradox of the matter is that I want to see the opera but I also want to stay home.
decorate (verb): to make something look attractive or suitable
o
dec + or + ate
o
Linda decorated her apartment with paintings and plants.
decent (adjective): conforming to standards, good, kind
o
dec + ent
o
This magazine contains a decent article on home improvement.
dignity (noun): quality of being worthy, noble, honored
o
dign + ity
o
I haven't yet had the dignity and honor of being grand marshall of the parade.
conduct (verb, noun): v. to lead or guide, n. a person's behavior
o
con + duct
o
Jared was conducted into the doctor's office by the nurse.
o
Arnelle's conduct was inexcusable and she should apologize to the class.
educate (verb): to train, to provide schooling for
o
e + duc + ate
o
The school tries to educate its students to be productive members of society.
induct (verb): to install in office or to enroll in military service
o
in + duct
o
Mindy was inducted into the army last month.
deduct (verb): to subtract
o
de + duct
o
The salesperson deducted five dollars off the purchase price of the radio.
deduce (verb): to make a decision or draw a conclusion by reasoning
o
de + duce
o
I deduced from the trail of crumbs and the empty milk carton that the children were home.
produce (verb, noun): to bring forward, to make to bear or yield; something made or grown
o
pro + duce
o
The lawyer produced new evidence at the trial.
o
The produce from the farm will go to the market next week.
seduce (verb): to persuade (especially into doing something wrong), to tempt
o
se + duce
o
Money and power have been known to seduce many honest people.
induce (verb): to persuade, cause, or bring about by artificial means.
o
in + duce
o
If a child swallows poison, it is suggested that vomitting should be induced.
eternal (adjective): not effected by time, without beginning or end, ceaseless
o
etern + al
o
The lecture seemed eternal and many in the audience had fallen asleep.
medieval (adjective): relating to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD)
o
med + ieval
o
There are many styles to medieval architecture and a building built in 500 AD looks different from one built in 1000 AD.
faint (adjective, verb): indistinct, not clearly perceived, weak; to lose consciousness from lack of blood to the brain
o
faint
o
There is a faint odor of apples in this room.
o
Some people faint at the sight of blood.
feign (verb): to pretend
o
feign
o
The child feigned illness in an attempt to avoid the test.
fiction (noun): something produce from imagination, an invented story
o
fict + ion
o
The excuse Marvin just gave for not doing his homework is pure fiction.
effigy (noun): a figure representing a disliked person.
o
e f + fig + y
o
The children made an effigy of their nasty neighbor.
figure (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
o
fig + ure
o
The figure Louise drew on the paper looks nothing like an apple.
figment (noun): a thing that does not exist, something made up
o
fig + ment
o
Ghosts and monsters are figments of an active imagination.
fashion (noun, verb): the form of something, style; to give shape or form to
o
fash + ion
o
The current fashion is hair worn short.
feasible (adjective): capable of being done
o
feas + ible
o
The engineer thought that building the bridge across the river was a feasible project.
feature (noun, verb): the appearance or form of a person or object; to picture or portray
o
feat + ure
o
Lisette's best feature is her eyes.
factory (noun): a place where things are made or built
o
fact + ory
o
There is a boat factory near the river.
difficult (adjective): hard to do, troublesome, hard to understand
o
di + fic + ult
o
The test was difficult and I answered only eight of the ten questions.
fact (noun): something known to be true
o
fact
o
It's a fact that the world is round.
effect (noun): a change caused by something, a result, influence
o
e + fect
o
The sun's effect on human skin is known to be harmful.
fertile (adjective): productive, bearing or capable of bearing fruit in large quantities
o
fert + ile
o
The land by the river is quite fertile and many crops are grown there.
refer (verb): to classify within a general category, to send or direct to another source
o
re + fer
o
The patient was referred to a physical therapist for additional treatment.
infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from facts or ideas, to guess
o
in + fer
o
Sometimes a reader has to infer from the facts presented in an article what the main idea is about.
diffident (adjective): hesitant in acting, shy
o
dif + fid + ent
o
The diffident student would not speak in front of the class.
fidelity (noun): the quality of being faithful, accuracy
o
fid + el + ity
o
The fidelity of this video reproduction is quite good.
confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret
o
con + fide
o
Joan confided in her friend and told her a secret.
fluent (adjective): capable of moving with ease, able to speak another language
o
flu + ent
o
The dancer had a fluent body.
o
Juanita is fluent in several languages.
superfluous (adjective): extra, more than is needed
o
super + flu + ous
o
Three cherries on my piece of cake is superfluous; I only needed one.
influence (verb, noun): to have an effect on something; the ability to affect something indirectly
o
in + flu + ence
o
It was John's success as a musician that influenced my decision to take guitar lessons.
fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth style, liquid
o
flu + id
o
The ink my new pen is quite fluid and flows evenly across the page.
fluctuate (verb): to shift back and forth, to move erratically
o
fluctu + ate
o
My body temperature has been fluctuating all day -- sometimes I'm hot and sometimes I'm cold.
format (noun): the shape and size of something, the arrangement of something
o
form + at
o
The format of this class will be half lecture and half class participation.
formulate (verb): to prepare from a set of steps (formula), to devise
o
form + ul + ate
o
The chemist formulated a new way of making dish detergent.
fracture (verb, noun): to break, to crack; a broken bone
o
fract + ure Miguel fractured arm his while skiing.
fragment (noun): a piece broken off, a part of something
o
frag + ment
o
It bothers me that I can remember only a fragment of the poem rather than the whole piece.
frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong
o
frail
o
Be careful! That chair is frail
generally (adverb): in a general manner, usually, with regard to the whole not specifics
o
gen + er + al + ly
o
Generally, Lance leaves work at 5:00 p.m.
gingerly (adverb, adjective): careful
o
gin + ger + ly
o
Paulette picked up the antique vase gingerly and placed it on the shelf.
indigenous (adjective): native, having been born in a specific area or environment
o
in + di + gen + ous
o
The tomato plant is indigenous to South America.
geography (noun): a science that describes the earth's surface
o
geo + graph + y
o
The geography of New York varies from the sandy shores to rocky mountains.
categorize (verb): to place things in classes or sets, to classify
o
cate + gor + ize
o
The professor asked her students to categorize the plants they found.
grade (noun): a stage in a process, a mark indicating quality
o
grade
o
Ali hopes to receive a passing grade on his midterm exam.
progress (verb, noun): to move forward; forward movement
o
pro + gress
o
Mina progressed to the next level in her French language program.
o
There hasn't been much progress made in getting the house built -- only the frame is up.
degree (noun): a step or stage in a process, a rank, a level of intensity
o
de + gree
o
There is a high degree of stress associated with being a police officer.
graphic (adjective): written, drawn, vividly shown
o
graph + ic
o
Dominic is planning to study graphic art.
graffitti (noun): drawings or writing on a wall
o
graph + itti
o
Many people find the graffitti on the subway trains disturbing.
adhere (verb): to stick
o
ad + here
o
Paper often adheres to wet surfaces.
hesitate (verb): to hold back a decision, to waver
o
hesit + ate
o
Don't hesitate to call me if you need help.
adjacent (adjective): to lie next to
o
ad + jac + ent
o
You won't have a long walk between classes because the engineering building is adjacent to the chemistry laboratories.
jettison (verb): to throw away, to cast off