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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the prohibition of marriage between different racial groups
Cult of domesticity
victorian ideal that made women responsible for the moral and everyday affairs of the home
Family household
U.S. census bureau term for a household maintained with a family or unrelated persons residing together
economic unit of thoseresiding together, with a common economic base
term used by U.S. Census Bureau to refer to the person in whose name a household unit is owned or rented
Marital rape
forced sexual activity demanded of a wife by her husband
Nonfamily member
a person living alone or one where a householder shares the unit with nonrelatives
Nuclear family
family structure in which husband and wife reside together with their children
Family and medical leave act
federal law enacted in 1993 that requires employers to grant 12 weeks of unpaid leave to a parent to care for new born or adopted children or to care for a sick child, spouse, or parent
Transnational families
families whose members live in different countries, usually at a considerable distance from one another, but with a pattern of moving back and forth across national boundaries
American with Disabilities Act of 1990
federal law requirement protecting disabled people from discrimination and requiring employers, schools and other institutions to provide reasonable accomodations
Anorexia nervosa
condition characterized by severe weight loss and delusions about ones body size
Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls
Supreme Court decision in 1991 holding that it is discriminatory to bar women from high-risk jobs in which there is potential harm to a fetus or reproductive system
eating disorder in which people, typically women, binge on huge amounts of food, followed by their purging through vomiting, laxatives, or extreme fasting
Eisenstadt v. Baird
Supreme court decision extending unmarried persons the right to use birth control
Griswold v.Connecticut
first Supreme court decision allowing married couples to use birth control
Infant mortality
the rate of infant death within a population
Muller v. Oregon
Supreme court decision in 1908 holding it constitutional to restrict the working day to ten hours only for women
Protective legislation
laws and policies prohibiting women from participating in certain jobs beacause of perceived risks to their reproductive health-generally thought to be discrimiatory, since such protections have not been directed toward men as workers
Roe v. Wade
1973 supreme court decision upholding women's right to abortion
thought that is centered in men's experiences only
Collective consciousness
system of beliefs, within a society, that create a sense of belonging to the community and convey the moral obligation to live up to the society's demands
Feminist theology
new models of religious belief founded in feminist ethics
Liberation theology
interpretations of religious belief that promote resistance to oppresion; common in Latin American societies, but also significant in US social movements against racial and ethnic oppression
hatred of women
Religion as opiate
idea that religion is a form of social control that discourages social protest by oppressed groups
Religious right
the term used to refer to fundamentalist Christian groups that have politically mobilized on behalf of conservative causes
Sanctified church
term used to refer to Holiness and Pentecostal churches within the African American community
Second Great Awakening
social movement in the early nineteenth century, emphasizing a revivalist and egalitarian spirit in religion
Digital divide
the gap that has opened between groups with strong computing skills and those without
term derived from the philosophy of science, referring to a theoretical way of knowing
Scientific method
method of reasoning common to the practice of science, including systematic observation, analysis of data, and generalization
how well one thinks of oneself
Self-fulfilling prophecy
term refering to the outcomes that occur as the result of others' expectations
Standpoint theory
feminist theoretical argument postulating that the specific social location of the knower shapes what is known and that not all perspectives on social life are valid or complete because of the different positions of knowers within systems of power and privilege
Stereotype threat
a concept explaining the pattern wherby students(or others) perceive that they risk being judged by a negative stereotype and thus do not perform as well as they otherwise might
Title IX
federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in fedrally funded education programs and activities; part of Educational Amendments of 1972
the practice wherby groups of students are sorted with groups in school based on their presumed abilities