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19 Cards in this Set

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Social Construction
Theory that social concepts such as gender, race and sexual orientation vary according to cultural and historical contexts. Nothing is biologically determined (although bio might influence social identity).
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and/or transgender politics, identities and activism that challenge the status quo/structural inequalities; disruptive activism that "seeks to create a new pie"
From the latin natio, to be born. People sharing a common mythology, defined territory history and culture (kinship/space/time/culture)
How to build a nation
Kinship = Uncle Sam, MLK, Fore Fathers

Space = North America, myths about possesion

Time = Stories of how we came, school

Culture = Through shared stories - sense of belonging (if different - sense of disconnect from dominant culture) Holidays (national sense of shared religion - Protestant Christian) Language (People who speak language may get upset when disrupted
From the Greek ethnikos, gentile people who share a common kinship, history and culture
The ideology and institution that categorizes humans in groups based on perceived commonalities in appearance and/or ancestory
When people from a given counry exploit the people and resources of another, subjugating the people they encounter, their culture and political order.

The colonies write histories and produce narratives (cultural production) to normalize their power position. Subjagated peoples, when they rise up, produce counter narratives.
Jean Bodin (who, what, where, when)
Who: Jean Bodin
What: Jurist and political philosopher
Where: Angers, France
When: 1530-1596
Jean Bodin Significance
Family, governement, race

Family- basic social structure, natural foundation to be ruled by father (head of household)
Prince was to be head of state

South- contemplative and religious; develop great wisdom but lack energy
North- Active and strong, but not wise
Middle (France)- Have good qualities of both zones, prudent and versatile
Bacon's Rebellion
An interracial rebellion, over 500 white and black men particpated

For having, upon specious pretenses of public works, raised great unjust taxes upon the commonality for the advancement of private favorites and other sinister ends, but no visible effects in any measure adequate; for not having, during this long time of his government in any measure advanced this hopeful colony either by fortifications, towns, or trade (Declaration of Bacon's Rebellion, 1676)
Bacon's Rebellion (who, what, where, when)
Who: Nathaniel Bacon - a wealthy colonist
What: The first rebellion in the American colonies against the Royal Govener of Virginia, William Berkley
Where: Virginia Colony
When: 1676
Johann Blumenbach (who, what, where, when)
Who: Johann Blumenbach
What: German doctor/psychologist
Where: Germany
When: 1752-1840
Johann Blumenbach
Created a fixed and ranked system

"all races have same intellegence potential ... caucasians were most beautiful"

-Caucasian: Europe and surrounding areas
-Mongolian: Eastern Asia
-Ethiopian: Dark skinned people of Africa
-American: Native American
-Malay:Pacific Ilanders, Australia indegenous
Samuel Morton (who, what, where, when)
Who: Samuel Morton
What: American physician and natural scientist
Where: Pennsylvania
When: 1799-1851
Samuel Morton
Tried to prove supremacy by skull size (before Darwin). Polygenisis more than one creator for different kinds; grouped by location; used buck shot to measure brain capacity

Caucasian had the biggest heads

Methods proved faulty; fudged the numbers = tried to scientifically prove supremacy of white race
Interracial Marriage
Until 1967 there was no interracial marriage
All about race?
Access to means of production strongly influenced by an ideology of white supremacy
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (Queer foremother)
-Femenist/Mujerista writing
-Love poems to women
-Challenges to patriarchy
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (who, what, where, when)
Who: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
What:17th century femenist
Where: Mexico, Mexico City as a Spanish Colony
When: 1648-1695