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105 Cards in this Set

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A tool or utility found in the Control Panel that typically has a single focused purpose or function.
The condition of a console that allows users to add and remove snapins, create new windows, view the entire console tree, and save new versions of the console.
author mode
The collection of snap-ins and extensions saved as an .msc file loaded into the MMC that offers administrative controls.
The collection or organization of tools and utilities, called applets, within Windows 2000 (and Windows 95,98,and Windows NT) where most system and hardware-level installation and configuration take place.
Control Panel
A physical component either internal or external to the computer that is used to perform a specific function. Devices include hard drives, video cards, network interface cards, and printers.
A channel used by a hardware device to access memory directly, bypassing the CPU. Windows 2000 supports eight DMA channels numbered 0-7.
direct memory access (DMA)
An expansion device for notebook computers that allows additional peripherals to be used by the portable computer. Typically, a _____ station is used to add a full-sized monitor,keyboard, mouse,CD-ROM drive, tape backup, or printer to a notebook computer.
docking station
A software element that is used by an operating system to control a device Drivers are usually device-specific.
A component that adds additional functions to a snap-in.
A collection of custom device settings used on computers with changing physical components.
hardware profile
The section of memory used by the hardware to communicate with the operating system. When an IRQ is used, the system checks the ________Port memory area for additional information about what function is needed by the device. The ______port is represented by a hexadecimal number.
I/O Port
The interupt request level that is used to halt CPU operation in favor of the device. Windows 2000 supports 16 __________, namely ________ 0-15.
interupt request (IRQ)
A 4KB chunk of data, which is the smallest unit managed by the Virtual Memory Manager._______ are moved around physical RAM and to and from the ______ file.
page or memory page,
The standardized interface into which consoles, snap-ins, and extensions are loaded to perform administrative tasks.
MMC-Microsoft Management Console
A file stored on a hard drive, employed by the Virtual Memory Manager as a temproty storage container for inactive memory pages. Its name is Pagefile.sys
paging file
The modern name of the PCMCIA technology. ____ cards are credit card-sized devices typically used to expand the functionality of notebook or portable computers.
PC cards
The older name for the technology now labeled PC Cards. ________ Cards are credit card sized devices typically used to expand the functionality of notebook or portable computers.
PCMCIA(Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) Cards
A technology that allows an operating system to inspect a device, determine exactly what the device is, install the correct driver, and enable the device-all without user interaction. ___ and ___ simplifies the addition and removal of hardware and can often offer on the fly reconfiguration of devices without rebooting.
plug and play
A software element used by the operating system to perform a function. ________ include offering resources over the network, accessing resources over the network, print spooling, etc.
service or services
A component that adds control mechanisms to a console for a specific service or object.
The component of Windows 2000 used to automate the execution of launch of programs and batch files on the basis of time and system conditions.
Task Scheduler
The condition of a console that prevents adding or removing snap-ins or resaving the console file
user mode
The combination of physical RAM and pagefile space used by the operating system to grant a larger collection of useable memory to processes.
virtual memory
A tool or utility that has an interactive step-by-step guide to walk you through a complex or detailed configuration process.
Which tool is the primary interface through which most Windows 2000 administrative tasks are performed?
a. Control Panel
b. Microsoft Management Console
c. Task Scheduler
d. My computer
What are extensions used for in the context of the MMC?
a. to alter the MMC display
b. to restrict controls based on user accounts
c. to add additional functionality to standalone snap-ins
d. to allow remote administration of services and objects
Where do snap-ins originate? (choose all that apply)
a. Windows 2000
b. other Microsoft software products
c. Windows 2000 Resource Kits
d. independent software vendors
Using snap-in, you can create .msc consoles that include only the functionality you need. True or False?
Which .msc mode allows users to create new windows but prevents them from viewing some parts of the console tree?
a. Author mode
b. User mode: Full access
c. User mode: Limited/Multiple Windows
d. User mode: Limited/Single Window
Which of the following are tools found in the Administrative Tools menu? (choose all that apply)
a. Computer Management
b. My Computer
c. Event Viewer
d. Utility Manager
What are the methods by which the functions offered by an MMC can be accessed (choose all that apply.)
a. Start,Programs,Administrative Tools
b. Utility Manager
c. Control Panel's Administrative Tools icon
d. Load snap-ins into MMC
Which of the following can trigger the launch of an automated event? (Choose all that apply.)
a. User Logon
b. System idle
c. Exact time
d. System startup
all of them
A scheduled task can function only on the system where it was defined. True or False?
A task can be configured so that only specific users can alter its scheduled parameters. True or False?
Task are automatically deleted after they execute by default. True or False?
Which applet is used to configure ToggleKeys and SoundSentry?
a. Sound and Multimedia
b. Keyboard
c. Accessibility Options
d. System
If you want to use the numeric keypad to control the mouse insertion point movement, which applet must you open to configure this option?
a. Sound and Multimedia
b. Keyboard
c. Accessibility Options
d. System
Which of the following actions can the Add/Remove Hardware applet be used to perform? (Choose all that apply.)
a. troubleshoot an existing divice
b. disable a PC Card driver before it is removed
c. Configure multiple disply layout
d. uninstall a device driver
a, d
Which applet should you use to add Windows components distributed on the Windows 2000 Professional CD?
a. System
b. Add/Remove Programs
c. Windows 2000 Resource Kit
d. Regional Settings
The Disply applet can be used to perform which of the following functions? Choose all that apply
a. install a new adapter device driver
b. set the screen saver timeout period
c. enable Active Desktop
d. define a custom color scheme
b & d (could be also a)
Web zones are used to define custom colors, sounds, and icons on the basis of the source of the Web resources. True or False?
Where can you define the utilities to handle e-mail, newsgroups, online calls, and contacts?
a. Folder Options
b. System
c. Add/Remove Programs
d. Internet Options
Home/Office Desk, Presentations, and Portable/Laptop are examples of predefined _____________.
a. Hardware profiles
b. User profiles
c. Power Option Settings
d. System profiles
Through which applet can you access troubleshooting help for an audio card? (Choose all that apply)
a. Add/Remove Hardware
b. System
c. Sounds and Multimedia
d.Accessibilty Options
Which applet can be used to change domain or workgroup membership?
a. System
b. Add/Remove Hardware
c. Accessibility Options
d. Workgroup Settings
When windows 2000 is installed, it creates a paging file that is how much larger than the amount of physical RAM present on the system?
a. one and one-half times
b. two times
c. two and one-half times
d. three times
a (or b)
When a STOP error occurs, what cant the system do? (Choose all that apply)
a. write an event to the system log
b. send an administrative alert
c. Write a memory dump file
d. reboot the system
Which tool is used to ensure that a newly installed device is functioning properly?
a. System
b. Add/Remove Hardware
c. Device Manager
d. Administrative Tools
Which of the following are system resources that are often in contention with non- Plug and Play devices? (choose all that apply)
a. Paging file space
b. I/O Port
c. Priority CPU cycles
d. IRQ
b, d
A primary partition is marked active when it hosts the necessary files to boot into an operating system.
active partition
The recording of the occurrence of a defined event or action.
The drive division method that employs partitions.
basic storage
The partition that hosts the main Windows 2000 system files and is the initial default location for the paging file. The ________ _______ can be the same partition is the system partition, or it can be any other partition (or logical drive in an extended partition) on any drive hosted by the computer.
boot partition
One or more sectors grouped into a single noddivisible unit.
The process of reorganizing files so they are stored contiguously and no gaps are left between files.
The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in used to manage drives.
Disk Management
A limitation on the amount of disk space that can be consumed by a user.
disk quota
A Windows 2000 Server hosted service used to manipulate and manage shared resources from various locations throughout a network in a single hierarchical system.
Distributed File System (DFS)
One of two methods of accessing file system resources on formatted volumes under Windows 2000. A ______ ______ can be assigned to a partition or volume or a drive configuration of multiple components.
drive letter
The drive division method that employs volumes. It is a new standard supported only by Windows 2000.
dynamic storage
A type of partition on a basic disk that can be divided into logical drives. Only a single ________ partition can exist on a physical disk, and when present only three primary partitions can exists.
extended partition
The 16-bit file allocation table file system orriginally introduced with DOS. As supported under Windows 2000, it can be used to format partitions or volumes up to 32 GB.
FAT 16 or FAT
The 32-bit FAT file system. As supported under Windows 2000, it can be used to format partitions or volumes up to 32 GB.
The division of a file into two or more parts where each part is stored in a different location on the hard drive. As the level of fragmentation on a drive increases, the longer it takes for read and write operations to occur.
File names up to 256 characters in length, supported by all file systems under Windows 2000.
long file names (LFNs)
A drive configuration of a single volume is duplicated onto another volume on a different hard drive and provides fault tolerance. In Windows NT, a mirror onto a drive hosted by a different drive controller was called duplexing, but this distinction is no longer used in Windows 2000 (Windows 2000 Server only)
mirrored volume
A new drive access technique that maps a volume or partition to an empty directory on an NTFS volume or partition
mount point or mounted volume
The prefered file system of Windows 2000. Supports file level security, encryption, compression, auditing, and more. Supports volumes up to 2 TB.
NTFS (New Technology File System)
A logical division of the physical space on a hard drive.
A set of standards drafted by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) that defines various aspects of an operating system, including topics such as programming interface, security, networking, and graphical interface.
POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface for Computing Environments)
A type of partition on a basic disk that can be marked active. Up to four ________ partitions can exist on a physical disk, but only one partition can be active.
A drive configuration of three or more (up to 32) parts of one or more drives or three or more (up to 32) entire drives. Data is written to all drives in equal amounts to spread the workload. Parity information is added to the written data to allow for drive failure recovery. Provides fault tolerance. If one partition or drive fails in the set, the other members can re-create the missing data on the fly. When the failed member is replaced or repaired, the data on the drive can be rebuilt and restored. This is also known as disk striping with parity (Windows 2000 Server only)
RAID 5 volume
Any type of floppy, cartridge, or drive that can be either removed between reboots or as a hot swappable device.
removable storage device
The smallest division (512 bytes) or a drive's surface.
A resource, such as an application, file printer, or other device, that can be accessed over the network.
A drive configuration of all or part of a single drive. Does not provide any fault tolerance. NTFS volumes can be extended:FAT and FAT32 volumes cannot be extended.
Simple volume
A drive configuration of two or more (up to 32) parts of one or more drives or two or more (up to 32)entire drives. Data is written to all drives in equal amounts (in 64KB units)to spread the workload and improve performance.
striped volume
The active partition where the boot files required to display the boot menu and initiate the booting of Windows 2000 are stored.
system partition
(1)In basic storage, a collection of 2 to 32 partitions into a single logical structure. (2)In dynamic storage, any division of a physical drive or collection of divisions into a drive configuration.
A collection of disk partitions that are treated as a logical drive. A volume set may be expanded after it has already been created. To make a _______ ______ smaller, however, you must back up all the data, delete the ______ ______ ,define a new (smaller) ______ _____, and restore the data to that set. If you lose one drive in a ______ _____, you lose all the data in the entire set, because it offers no fault tolerance.
volume set
two words: that are the same for all blank sequences in this question.
Which Storage method employs primary and extended partitions?
a. logical drives
b. basic
c. dynamic
d. spanned volumes
When logical drives are present on a basic storage device, how many primary partitions can exist?
c or d depending on the wording. In this case C
Which of the following statements are true about a volume set, comprised of either partitions or volumes? (Choose all that apply)
a. combines two or more volumes/partitions into a single logical storage area
b.provides fault tolerance
c.If one element of the set fails, all data in the set is lost.
d. It can be assigned a single drive letter.
A 4 GB partition or volume can be formatted with what file system? (choose all that apply)
a. FAT
b. FAT32
all of them
What mechanism(s) of Windows 2000 allow you to access up to 32 volumes on a single system?
a. shares
b. drive letters
c. DFS
d. mounted volumes
d or b
Under Window 2000, it is possible to create new RAID 5 volumes on dynamic and basic drives. True or False
False -no parity
Which of the following is the partition that hosts the main Windows 2000 system files and is the initial default location for the paging file?
a. system partition
b. boot partition
c. logical partition
d. dynamic partition
The drive configurations supported by Windows 2000 Professional provide fault tolerance. True or False
False-no parity
What is the best file system for 250 MB volume?
a. FAT
b. FAT32
NTFS volumes created under Windows 2000 cannot be accessed by any other operating system. True or False
Which of the following are true for NTFS under Windows 2000? (Choose all that apply)
a. supports volumes up to 2TB in size
b. file level compression, encryption, auditing, and security
c.disk quotas
d.POSIX file system support
e. most efficient on volumes smaller than 512MB
Drives can be converted to and from dynamic storage without damaging the hosted data. True or False
The Properties dialog box for a partition or volume gives you quick access to which drive tools? (choose all that apply)
a. Scandisk
b. Defragmentation
c. Disk Cleanup
d. Device Manager
e. Backup
f. Event Viewer
A volume or partition can be attached to a mount point on any other volume or partition. True or False
False-empty directory or NTFS volume
Quotas can be defined in what manner(s)?
a. by user
b. by drive
c. by group
d. by volume or partition
Disk Cleanup is used to free space on a hard drive by removing orphaned files, cleaning out the Recycle bin, and shrinking the page file. True or False?
False-not the recycle bin or page file comments.
The built-in defragmentation utility can be scheduled to automatically reorganize local hard drives. True or False?
False-only scheduling can be done by 3rd party software.
Which of the following are properties of NTFS file or folder objects, but not of FAT file or folder objects? (choose all that apply)
a. Attributes:Read-only
b. compress contents to save disk space
c. Attributes:Archive
d. encrypt contents to secure data
b & d
What methods can be used to prevent a user from gaining access to an NTFS resource?
a. Do not include the user account (or its groups)in the list of permissions.
b. Set the user account's permission to Deny.
c. Set the user account's permissions to No Access.
d. Place the user account in the Guests group.
NTFS object permissions are used only when a user is local. True or False?
Which of the following are true?
a. Child objects can inherit the permissions of their parent containers.
b. Copied files always retain ther original settings.
c. File-level permissions always override contradictory settings on the parent container
d. Deny allows overrides of all other spcific Allows.
Files moved from an NTFS volume to FAT volume and then to another NTFS volume will reassume their original settings. True or False
Which of the following statements is true about shares? (choose all that apply)
a. offers only three levels of permissions
b. can be cached on client systems
c. can restrict simultaneous users
d. can be individual files or folders
e. overrides NTFS permissions
f. The most restrictive permission of cumulative shares and cumulative NTFS apply.
a,b,d,f (can limit users)
To grant varying levels of access within a share, use NTFS permissions and group files into subfolders. True or False?
Which of the following statements is true about the Microsoft Distributed File System? (choose all that apply)
a. All network resources are organized in a single tree structure.
b. Access permissions are preserved.
c. A DFS root can be hosted by Windows 2000 Professional
d. Once inside the DFS root, all other resource accesses are simplified and do not require knowing the name of the host systems.