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"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather was born in l873 in Virginia.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
At the age of ten, she moved with her family to Webster County, Nebraska, and lived on a farm there for two years before moving into the town of Red Cloud.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather was graduated from the University of Nebraska in l895.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather worked for Home Monthly and the Daily Leader in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather taught English and Latin at Allegheny, Pennsylvania.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather served as managing editor of McClure's Magazine from 1906 to 1912.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather received an doctorate of letters at the University of Nebraska in 1917.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather received honorary degrees from the University of Michigan, the University of California, and from Columbia, Yale, and Princeton.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather wrote poetry, short stories, essays, and novels, winning many awards including the Gold Metal of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
In 1922, Cather won the Pulitzer Prize for her novel, One of Ours.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
A Lost Lady, was made into a silent movie in 1925.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather novels include My Antonia, O Pioneers, Death Comes for the Archbishop, and The Professor's House.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather died April 24, 1947 in New York.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
In 1961 Cather was the
first woman voted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame.
"Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
The Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial and Educational Foundation at Red Cloud, Nebraska preserved her childhood home and other buildings connected with her writings.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Red Cloud was a small town in the midst of rough prairie, and the settlers who inhabited the town were mainly Scandinavian, Bohemian, and French immigrants trying to cultivate the obstinate land.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
"Americans" were a minority.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Cather's environment oriented her toward the land, the immigrants and Europe – in short, toward the essence of American pioneer experience.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Cather became one of the very few women at that time to achieve a college education.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Sarah Orne Jewett was probably also one of the main influences on Cather’s art.
Lee, Hermione. Willa Cather. 2004. Commentary Magazine. 13 January 2005 <http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Summaries/V90I3P62-1.htm>.
Willa Cather wrote about the spirit and heart of America
"Willa Cather's subject was America. The country 'works on my mind,' she said in 1925, 'like light on a photographic plate.'"
Willa Cather’s Style of Writing. 2004. 13 January 2005 <http://www.termpapers4u.com/general/cather.htm>.
Willa Cather could be considered an early feminist.
"Willa refused to accept her generation’s idea that women should be passive, domestic, and uneducated. Instead, she pursued an active literary life and a world perspective that gave her work universal appeal."
Nichols, R. Art in Willa Cather's Fiction. 20 July 2003. Pittsburgh State University. 13 January 2005 <http://faculty.pittstate.edu/~knichols/cathart5.html>.
Willa Cather was influenced by art of varying kinds.
"It was a painting, by the way, that made the first scene of that story [Death Comes for the Archbishop] for me. A French painter, Vibert, one who did a precise piece of work in the manner of his day, called 'The Missionary's Return.'" -Willa Cather
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"Willa Cather, an astute observer, used the fabric of life around her in her books; no where more effectively than with her use of railroads."
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"Cather was a skillful observer of people and how they lived. As a young girl, she, as countless other children, haunted the red railroad depot which was the center of the universe in so many western towns. What is fascinating about Cather is that she got the railroad details of her novels' settings right. This is not surprising since it was the railroad that linked her many worlds for her entire life. Cather used railroad settings in her works and this background is pure Burlington."
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"Her 1903 poem, "The Night Express" in April Twilights, Cather's first use of railroad imagery, while perhaps reflecting the morbid melodrama of a young writer, is clearly a description of Red Cloud and the Burlington station that still stands near the marshes of the Republican River."
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"The opening of "A Death in the Desert" shows that Cather knew her Burlington. Few others could have captured the slow, desultory journey on the Burlington's remote High Line from Holdrege to Cheyenne."
Duryea, Polly P..Paintings and Drawings in Willa Cather's Prose: A Catalogue Raisonné. Univeristy of Neraska, Lincoln. 13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/reference/duryea/>.
"By Spring, on February 20, 1894, Cather was becoming so knowledgeable about art that she was scheduled to lecture on "Houses and Homes of England and Germany" to the Haydon Art Club, in the Chapel of the State University."
Duryea, Polly P..Paintings and Drawings in Willa Cather's Prose: A Catalogue Raisonné. Univeristy of Neraska, Lincoln. 13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/reference/duryea/>.
"After leaving Pittsburgh for work in New York City, Cather moved to Greenwich Village, where she lived near painters like Don Hedger, in her story "Come, Eden Bower." While living in Boston in her apartment on Chestnut Street, Cather could walk to the grand home of Mrs. Annie (James T.) Fields."
Newstrom, Scott. Willa Cather. 5 March 2002. Gustavus Adolphus University.13 January 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>
When Cather first arrived on campus of the University of Nebraska Lincoln, she was dressed as her same sex twin, William Cather.
Newstrom, Scott. Willa Cather. 5 March 2002. Gustavus Adolphus University.13 January 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>
During her tenure at college, she fell in love with Louise Pound, a student athlete.
Will(el)a (Siebert) Cather (1873-1947). 2003. Books and Authors. 13 January 2005 <http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/wcather.htm>
"In 1890 Cather moved to Lincoln to escape the conservatism of the small town - she never married but in later life in New York she found a lifelong companion, Edith Lewis."
Will(el)a (Siebert) Cather (1873-1947). 2003. Books and Authors. 13 January 2005 <http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/wcather.htm>
"After receiving her BA in 1895, Cather lived in Pittsburg with Isabelle McClung"
Lindhard, Anne. Willa Cather Site. 13 January 2002. 13 January 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
"Her fiction is unique in its powerful representation of setting and character and rich in its language and imagery. Her style of writing is condensed and subtle, but nonetheless tremendously expressive."
Lindhard, Anne. Willa Cather Site. 13 January 2002. 13 January 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
"Willa Cather is one of the most interesting women writers in American literary history. Both a teacher, a journalist and a critic as well as a writer, Cather plays an important part in the shaping of American modernist thought and writings."
http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp
Willa Cather was born in Back Creek, Virginia on December 7th, 1873
Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Many of the people written about in Cather's writing were based on her aqaintances in Red Cloud.
Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Many of the scenery described so vivedly in Cather's writing were based on the city of Red Cloud.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
While attending the University of Nebraska, Cather was a drama critic for the Lincoln journal.
Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather worked for Home Monthly and the Daily Leader in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and later taught English and Latin at Allegheny, Pennsylvania.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Upon moving to New York, Cather became the leading magazine editor of McClure's Magazines.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
After graduating from the University of Nebraska in 1895, Cather continued her education and recieved a doctorate of letters at the University in 1917.
Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather also recieved honorary degrees from the University of Michigan, the University of California, and from Columbia, Yale, and Princeton.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather won the Gold Metal of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather's novel, A Lost Lady, was made into a silent movie in 1925 and premiered in Red Cloud, Nebraska.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Another movie version of A Lost Lady was made in 1934.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
In 1961, Cather was the first woman voted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame.
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners in Olklahoma City, Olklahoma in 1974
"Willa Siebert Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/
cather.html>.
Cather was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame at Seneca, New York in 1988.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Willa Cather published her first novel, Alexander's Bridge, in 1912
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather never had any romantic interest in men and her emotional life centered around women, but the women in her novels mostly seen in the eyes of men.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather lived with Edith Lewis, another Nebraskan whom she had met in 1903.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather become distressed with the world around her and was troubled by the growing mechanization and mass-produced quality of American society.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Around the time of the year of 1922, Cather's writing took a new direction and become more concerned with fiding alternative values to the materialistic life she increasingly felt around her.
"Willa Sibert Cather Encyclopedia Article." MSN Encarta. Online Education Info and Resources . 18
Jan. 2005 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761571395/Cather_Willa_Sibert.html>.
Cather's first published prose was a group of stories, The Troll Garden (1905).
"Cather, Willa Sibert," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2005
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved
In Cather's early books her theme is the contrast between encroaching urbanization and the achievements of the pioneers, such novels as One of Ours.
"Cather, Willa Sibert," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2005
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved
Cather creates strong, determined female characters, many of whom encounter difficulty relating to a society that expects women to be dependent on others.
"Cather, Willa Sibert," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2005
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997-2005 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved
Death Comes for the Archbishop is consdered Cather's greatest novel (1927)
"Willa Sibert Cather." Women in American Hisotry By Encyclopedia Britannica. 19 Jan. 2005
<http://womenshistory.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://search.eb.com/women/articles/
Cather%5FWilla%5FSibert.html>.
Cather reflected the other side of her experience--the struggle of a talent to emerge from the constricting life of the prairies and the stifling effects of small-town life.
"Willa Sibert Cather." Women in American Hisotry By Encyclopedia Britannica. 19 Jan. 2005
<http://womenshistory.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://search.eb.com/women/articles/
Cather%5FWilla%5FSibert.html>.
Cahter wrote of the pioneer spirit of another age, that of the French Catholic missionaries in the Southwest in Death Comes for the Archbishop (1927)
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Both novels around this time, A Lost Lady (1923) and The Professor's House (1925)deal with spiritual and cultural crisis for the main characters.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather's frustration with modern society and the sense of spiritual decay were reflected when she entered the Episcopal Church in 1922.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
In 1926, Cather's writing once again changes changes themes resulting in the vanished past of the American southwest where nature and Christianity is opposed to modern urban life and society.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
This change is seen in her novel, Death Comes for the Archbishop.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather's critical view of the present versus the past became more and more acknowledged as she grew older.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Alongside her fictional writing, Cather was also an accomplished literary critic who produced an extensive body of critical work on the nature of art and its function in life.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Generally, Cather's main focus is the description of character over plot, but not at all with the same stress on subjectivity that characterized other women writers of the time.
"Biography Willa Cather." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/
biography.htm#Debut:%20heroic%20women>.
Cather’s style is very condensed, almost minimalistic – she often described her work as "unfurnished" – which gives a sense of ‘top of the iceberg’ quality.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather once said that she belonged to a world that had split in two and, as a woman of two centuries-- the conservative nineteenth and the twentieth.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather was the eldest child of seven.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather understood the coming change between cultures; she saw the immigrant children moving away from the culture of their parents and into a kind of uneasy Americanism.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather also wrote extensively about her own writing.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather speaks of nature, but she also writes the most intimate pictures of the inner setting - the heart, the soul, the home.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Much of the criticism of Cather in the past has focused on the primacy of landscape, including the Nebraska plains and New Mexico, in Cather's work.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather's work is not so much about "the prairie" but about the humans who lived there, and the human relationships that followed.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Cather's work often comments on the arts - on music, on painting, on all expressions of the impulse to create.
"Willa Cather Domestic Goddess." Willa Cather. 18 Jan. 2005 <http://www.womenwriters.net/
domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
Her work is sometimes romantic, sometimes naturalistic, but always, it compels discussion and thought.
"Willa Sibert Cather Encyclopedia Article." MSN Encarta. Online Education Info and Resources . 18
Jan. 2005 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761571395/Cather_Willa_Sibert.html>.
Cather's carefully crafted prose conveys vivid pictures of the American landscape and the people it molded.
"Willa Sibert Cather Encyclopedia Article." MSN Encarta. Online Education Info and Resources . 18
Jan. 2005 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761571395/Cather_Willa_Sibert.html>.
Cather was influenced by the prose of the American regional writer Sarah Orne Jewett.
"Willa Sibert Cather Encyclopedia Article." MSN Encarta. Online Education Info and Resources . 18
Jan. 2005 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761571395/Cather_Willa_Sibert.html>.
From her college years on, Cather wrote short stories and poetry; her first published book was a collection of verse, April Twilights (1903)