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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The door is open
ESTAR - current state (currently open, not naturally open)
The door is wood
SER - basic trait (the door is naturally made of wood, that is its natural characteristic)
The window is closed
ESTAR - current state (the window is currently closed but it could just as well be open. Just focus on this moment)
The window is dirty
ESTAR - current state. The window is currently dirty at this time - not naturally dirty
The boy is tall
SER - basic trait (the boy is tall. That is a basic characteristic of the boy not simply his current state)
The book is lost
ESTAR - current state. The book is currently lost - at this time - not naturally lost
The TV is off
ESTAR - current state - the TV is currently turned off but it could just as well be turned on -
The TV is huge
SER - basic trait - the TV is naturally a large item - it won't depend whether you look at it now or later
The TV is in the living room
ESTAR - location - current state - the TV is currently located in living room
It is my car
SER - basic trait - possessiion is SER because it is not a current state but the item is yours until you give it up
The car is blue
SER - basic trait - color is almost always ser because something is a color naturally
The soup is hot
ESTAR - current state - soup is not naturally hot or cold - it is either currently hot or cold
The soup is delicious or tasty
ser - basic trait - when you say that it is delicious you are not saying 'now' you are taling about its essence
The girl is ugly
SER - basic trait - when you describe a person with ser, you are talking about how you expect them to be - basic characteristics
the girl looks ugly
ESTAR - current state - with this example, you are not talking about her essence / basic trait but rather she looks bad now (currently)
The school is closed
ESTAR - current state - the school is currently closed at this time. Not a basic trait.
Gilmour is a good school
SER - basic trait - you are talking about its essence. You can depend upon it being good.
Cameron is hot here
ESTAR - current state - you are saying that he is currently not here.
Joe is a soccer player
SER - basic trait - when you say that someone is a soccer player you are talking about a basic trait - something that kind of 'defines' who they are - big picture
Brandon is jewish
Ser - basic trait - when you talk about religion, it is a basic characteristic - a defining trait - something that defines your life
Amy is tired
ESTAR - current state - Amy is currently tired at this moment
Amy is Catholic
SER - basic trait - religion is a defining, basic trait - who you are as a person
Homer is fat
SER - basic trait - when you say this, you are saying that Mark is basically an overweight guy - basic trait
Homer looks fat
ESTAR - looks means that they are NOT this way really but at this time they 'seem' this way currently
Homer is sick
ESTAR - current state - the person is currently sick
Rachel is lonely
ESTAR - current state - Rachel is currently FEELING lonely.
Rachel is depressed
ESTAR - current state - depressed at this time
Rachel is athletic
SER - basic trait - athletic refers to the type of person that she is - a basic trait
Paige is nice
SER - basic trait - being nice is a personality or basic trait - you can depend upon a person being this way
Paige is blonde
SER - basic trait - although she could 'dye' her hair, the purpose of this statement is to identify her basic traits
The school is closed
ESTAR - current state - the school is currently closed at this time. Not a basic trait.
Gilmour is a good school
SER - basic trait - you are talking about its essence. You can depend upon it being good.
Cameron is hot here
ESTAR - current state - you are saying that he is currently not here.
Joe is a soccer player
SER - basic trait - when you say that someone is a soccer player you are talking about a basic trait - something that kind of 'defines' who they are - big picture
Brandon is jewish
Ser - basic trait - when you talk about religion, it is a basic characteristic - a defining trait - something that defines your life
Amy is tired
ESTAR - current state - Amy is currently tired at this moment
Amy is Catholic
SER - basic trait - religion is a defining, basic trait - who you are as a person
Homer is fat
SER - basic trait - when you say this, you are saying that Mark is basically an overweight guy - basic trait
Homer looks fat
ESTAR - looks means that they are NOT this way really but at this time they 'seem' this way currently
Homer is sick
ESTAR - current state - the person is currently sick
Rachel is lonely
ESTAR - current state - Rachel is currently FEELING lonely.
Rachel is depressed
ESTAR - current state - depressed at this time
Rachel is athletic
SER - basic trait - athletic refers to the type of person that she is - a basic trait
Paige is nice
SER - basic trait - being nice is a personality or basic trait - you can depend upon a person being this way
Paige is blonde
SER - basic trait - although she could 'dye' her hair, the purpose of this statement is to identify her basic traits
The school is closed
ESTAR - current state - the school is currently closed at this time. Not a basic trait.
Gilmour is a good school
SER - basic trait - you are talking about its essence. You can depend upon it being good.
Cameron is hot here
ESTAR - current state - you are saying that he is currently not here.
Joe is a soccer player
SER - basic trait - when you say that someone is a soccer player you are talking about a basic trait - something that kind of 'defines' who they are - big picture
Brandon is jewish
Ser - basic trait - when you talk about religion, it is a basic characteristic - a defining trait - something that defines your life
Amy is tired
ESTAR - current state - Amy is currently tired at this moment
Amy is Catholic
SER - basic trait - religion is a defining, basic trait - who you are as a person
Homer is fat
SER - basic trait - when you say this, you are saying that Mark is basically an overweight guy - basic trait
Homer looks fat
ESTAR - looks means that they are NOT this way really but at this time they 'seem' this way currently
Homer is sick
ESTAR - current state - the person is currently sick
Rachel is lonely
ESTAR - current state - Rachel is currently FEELING lonely.
Rachel is depressed
ESTAR - current state - depressed at this time
Rachel is athletic
SER - basic trait - athletic refers to the type of person that she is - a basic trait
Paige is nice
SER - basic trait - being nice is a personality or basic trait - you can depend upon a person being this way
Paige is blonde
SER - basic trait - although she could 'dye' her hair, the purpose of this statement is to identify her basic traits