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304 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acer, acris, acre
sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce
brevis, -e
short, small, brief
celer, celeris, celere
swift, quick, rapid
difficilis, -e
hard, difficult, troublesome
dulcis, -e
sweet, pleasant, agreeable
facilis, -e
easy; agreeable, affable
fortis, -e
strong, brave
ingens, gen. -entis
huge
iucundus, -a, -um
agreeable, pleasant, gratifying
longus, -a, -um
long
omnis, -e
every, all
potens, gen. -entis (pres. part. of possum)
able, powerful, mighty, strong
quam
how
aetas, -tatis
period of life, life, age, an age, time
clementia, -ae
mildness, gentleness, mercy
mens, mentis
mind, thought, intention
satura, -ae
satire
auditor, -oris
hearer, listener, member of an audience
rego, -ere, rexi, rectum (3)
rule, guide, direct
caecus, -a, -um
blind
levis, -e
light, slight, trivial
cito
quickly
quoque
also, too
aut
or
aut:aut…aut
either…or
libellus, -i
little book
qui, quae, quod
who, which, what, that
admitto, -ere, -misi, -missum (3)
admit, receive, let in
cupio, -ere, -ivi, -itum (3)
desire, wish, long for
deleo, -ere, delevi, deletum (2)
destroy, wipe out, erase
desidero (1)
desire, long for, miss
incipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum (3)
begin, commence
navigo (1)
sail, navigate
neglego, -ere, -lexi, -lectum (3)
neglect, disregard
recito (1)
read aloud, recite
coepi, coepisse, coeptum
began
clarus, -a, -um
clear, bright; renowned, famous, illustrious
mortalis, -e
mortal
cras
tomorrow
cur
why
deinde
thereupon, next, then
heri
yesterday
probitas, -tatis
uprightness, honesty, probity
scientia, -ae
knowledge, science, skill
hostis, -is
an enemy (of the state)
hostis: pl. hostes, -ium
the enemy
ludus, -i
game, sport; school
flumen, -minis
river
genus, generis
origin, kind, sort, class
a or ab
from, away from; by (agent)
fluo, -ere, fluxi, fluxum (3)
flow
lego, -ere, legi, lectum (3)
pick out, choose; read
misceo, -ere, miscui, mixtum (2)
mix, mingle
moveo, -ere, movi, motum (2)
move, arouse, affect
video in passive: videor, -eri, visus sum
be seen, seem, appear
certus, -a, -um
definite, sure, certain, reliable
gravis, -e
heavy, weighty, serious, important, severe, grievous
immortalis, -e
not subject to death, immortal
qui? quae? quod?
what? which? what kind of?
iam
now, already, soon
at
but; but, mind you; but you say; a more emotional adversative than sed
nisi
if…not, unless, except, save
familia, -ae
household, family
Graecia, -ae
Greece
auctor, -oris
author, originator
iudex, -dicis
judge, juror
argumentum, -i
proof, evidence, argument
beneficium, -ii
benefit, kindness, favor
iudicium, -ii
judgment, decision, opinion; trial
scelus, sceleris
evil deed, crime, sin, wickedness
contra
against
quis? quid?
who? what? which?
delecto (1)
delight, charm, please
libero (1)
free, liberate
paro (1)
prepare, provide, get, obtain
communis, -e
common, general
dexter, -tra, trum
right, right-hand (= on the right-hand side)
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
left, left-hand
manus, -us
hand; band; handwriting
servitus, -tutis
servitude, slavery
coniuratus, -i
conspirator
fructus, -us
fruit, profit, enjoyment
metus, -us
fear, dread, anxiety
mons, montis
mountain
senatus, -us
senate
sensus, -us
feeling, sense
spiritus, -us
breath, breathing; spirit, soul
versus, -us
line, verse
cornu, -us
horn
genu, genus
knee
defendo, -ere, -fendi, -fensum (3)
ward off, defend, protect
discedo, -ere, -cessi, -cessum (3)
go away, depart
prohibeo, -ere, -hibui, -hibitum (2)
prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit
pronuntio (1)
proclaim, announce; declaim; pronounce
careo, -ere, carui, cariturus (2)
be without, be deprived of, want, lack, be free from
odi, odisse, osurus
hate
asper, aspera, asperum
rough, harsh
iterum
again, a second time
atque or ac
and, and also, and even
casa, -ae
house
causa with a preceding genitive
for the sake of, on account of
causa, -ae
cause, reason; case, situation
fenestra, -ae
window
gens, gentis
clan, race, nation, people
navis, -is
ship
salus, salutis
health, safety; greeting
Troia, -ae
Troy
vicina, -ae
neighbor
finis, -is
end, limit, boundary, purpose
finis: pl. fines, -ium
boundaries, territory
mundus, -i
world, universe
vicinus, -i
neighbor
vulgus, -i
the common people, mob, rabble
contineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentum (2)
hold together, contain, keep, enclose, restrain
iubeo, -ere, iussi, iussum (2)
bid, order, command
laboro (1)
labor; be in distress
rapio, -ere, -ui, raptum (3)
seize, snatch, carry away
relinquo, -ere, -liqui, -lictum (3)
leave behind, leave, abandon
scio, scire, scivi, scitum
know
tango, -ere, tetigi, tactum (3)
touch
aequus, -a, -um
level, even; calm; equal, just; favorable
felix, gen. felicis
lucky, fortunate, happy
incertus, -a, -um
uncertain, doubtful
Latinus, -a, -um
Latin
medius, -a, -um
middle; used partitively, the middle of
protinus
immediately
quondam
formerly, once
ultra
on the other side, beyond
fides, -ei
faith, trust, trustworthiness, fidelity; promise, guarantee, protection
res publica, rei publicae
state, commonwealth
res, rei
thing, matter, business, affair
spes, -ei
hope
dies, -ei
day
ignis, -is
fire
modus, -i
measure, bound, limit; manner, method, mode, way
ferrum, -i
iron, sword
ultra
on the other side, beyond
cerno, -ere, crevi, cretum (3)
distinguish, discern, perceive
eripio, -ere, -ripui, -reptum (3)
snatch away, take away, rescue
tollo, -ere, sustuli, sublatum (3)
raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy
inquit
he says (placed after one or more words of a direct quotation)
magnanimus, -a, -um
great-hearted, brave, magnanimous
umquam
ever, at any time
arx, arcis
citadel, stronghold
hasta, -ae
spear
insula, -ae
island
dux, ducis
leader, guide, commander, general
equus, -i
horse
miles, militis
soldier
orator, -oris
orator, speaker
sacerdos, sacerdotis
priest
litus, litoris
shore, coast
aliquis, aliquid (gen. alicuius; dat. alicui)
someone, somebody, something
quisquis, quidquid
whoever, whatever
averto, -ere, -verti, -versum (3)
turn away, avert
educo (1)
bring up, educate
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum (2)
be glad, rejoice
opprimo, -ere, -pressi, -pressum (3)
suppress, overwhelm, check
ostendo, -ere, ostendi, ostentum (3)
exhibit, show, display
peto, -ere, petivi, petitum (3)
seek, aim at, beg, beseech
premo, -ere, pressi, pressum (3)
press, press hard, pursue
verto, -ere, verti, versum (3)
turn, change
postea
afterwards
ut
just as, as, when
Carthago, -inis
Carthage
fabula, -ae
story, tale; play
serva, -ae
slave
imperator, -oris
general, commander-in-chief
servus, -i
slave
imperium, -ii
power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control
perfugium, -ii
refuge, shelter
solacium, -ii
comfort, relief
vulnus, -eris
wound
re- or red-
again, back
accipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum (3)
take, receive, accept
excipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum (3)
take out, except; take, capture, receive
expello, -ere, -puli, -pulsum (3)
drive out, expel, banish
narro (1)
tell, narrate, report
pello, -ere, pepuli, pulsum (3)
strike, push, drive out, banish
quaero, -ere, quaesivi, quaesitum (3)
seek, look for, strive for; ask, inquire, inquire into
recipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum (3)
take back, regain, admit, receive
rideo, -ere, risi, risum (2)
laugh, laugh at
ferox, ferocis
fierce, savage
fidelis, -e
faithful, loyal
geminus, -a, -um
twin
sapiens, gen. -entis
wise, judicious
ultimus, -a, -um
farthest, extreme; last, final
dehinc
then
hic (with macron)
here
lingua, -ae
tongue, language
sapiens, gen. -entis
a wise man, philosopher
ait, aiunt
he says, they say, assert
credo, -ere, credidi, creditum (3)
believe, trust
iaceo, -ere, -iacui (2)
lie, lie prostrate, lie dead
nego (1)
deny, say that…not
nescio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
not to know, be ignorant
nuntio (1)
announce, report, relate
patefacio, -ere, -feci, -factum (3)
make open, open; disclose, expose
puto (1)
reckon, suppose, judge, think, imagine
spero (1)
hope for, hope
suscipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum (3)
undertake
pudicus, -a, -um
modest, chaste
superbus, -a, -um
arrogant, overbearing, haughty, proud
tristis, -e
sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
turpis, -e
ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful
urbanus, -a, -um
of the city, urban, urbane
quidam, quaedam, quoddam
a certain
quam
as…as possible (with superl.)
tantum
only
quam
than
cena, -ae
dinner
lex, legis
law, statute
lux, lucis
light
nox, noctis
night
somnus, -i
sleep
forum, -i
market place, forum
limen, liminis
threshold
prae
in front of, before
quidam, quaedam, quiddam
a certain one or thing, someone, something
invito (1)
invite, summon
diligens, gen. -entis
diligent, careful
dissimilis, -e
unlike, different
gracilis, -e
slender, thin
humilis, -e
lowly, humble
magnus as comp., maior, -ius
greater
similis, -e
similar to, like, resembling
superus, -a, -um
above, upper
utilis, -e
useful, advantageous
prior, prius
former, prior
quot
how many, as many as
primus, -a, -um
first, foremost, chief, principal
delectatio, -onis
delight, pleasure, enjoyment
maiores, -um (pl.)
ancestors
nepos, -otis
grandson, descendant
sol, solis
sun
pono, -ere, posui, positum (3)
put, place, set
probo (1)
test; approve, recommend
mortuus, -a, -um
dead
princeps, gen. -cipis
chief
ut
(introducing purpose) in order that, that, to
ne
that…not, in order that…not, in order not to
luna, -ae
moon
occasio, -onis
occasion, opportunity
stella, -ae
star, planet
parens, -entis
parent
cursus, -us
running, race; course
vesper, -eris or -eri
evening; evening star
princeps, gen. -cipis
leader, prince, emperor
arma, -orum
arms, weapons
cedo, -ere, cessi, cessum (3)
go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit
dedico (1)
dedicate
expleo, -ere, -plevi, -pletum (2)
fill, fill up, complete
praesto, -are, -stiti, -stitum
excel (+ dat.); exhibit, show, offer, display
taceo, -ere, -ui, -itum (2)
be silent, leave unmentioned
egeo, -ere, egui (2)
need, lack, want
durus, -a, -um
hard, harsh, rough, stern, unfeeling, hardy, difficult
tantus, -a, -um
so large, so great, of such a size
tantus…quantus
just as much/many...as
dignus, -a, -um
worthy, worthy of
denique
at last, finally
ne in ne…quidem
not…even
vero (with macron)
in truth, indeed, to be sure, however
sic
so, thus
tam
so, to such a degree
tam…quam
so…as
quidem
indeed, certainly, at least, even
quidem: ne…quidem
not…even
ita
so, thus
ut
(introducing result) so that, that
nata, -ae
daughter
fatum, -i
fate, death
ingenium, -ii
nature, innate talent
moenia, -ium (pl.)
walls of a city
osculum, -i
kiss
sidus, -eris
constellation, star
condo, -dere, -didi, -ditum (3)
to put together or into, store; found, establish
contendo, -ere, -tendi, -tentum (3)
strive, struggle, contend, hasten
mollio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
soften; make calm or less hostile
pugno (1)
fight
respondeo, -ere, -spondi, -sponsum (2)
answer
surgo, -ere, surrexi, surrectum (3)
get up, arise
quantus, -a, -um
how large, how great, how much
quantus: tantus…quantus
just as much/many...as
ridiculus, -a, -um
laughable, ridiculous
vivus, -a, -um
alive, living
ceteri, -ae, -a
the remaining, the rest, the other
furtim
stealthily, secretly
mox
soon
primo
at first, first, at the beginning
repente
suddenly
unde
whence, from what or which place; from which, from whom
utrum…an
whether…or
mensa, -ae
table
honor, -oris
honor, esteem; public office
malum, -i
evil, misfortune, hurt, injury
bibo, -ere, bibi (3)
drink
cognosco, -ere, -novi, -nitum (3)
become acquainted with, learn, recognize; in perfect tenses, know
comprehendo, -ere, -hendi, -hensum (3)
grasp, seize, arrest; comprehend, understand
consumo, -ere, -sumpsi, -sumptum (3)
use up, consume
dubito (1)
doubt, hesitate
expono, -ere, -posui, -positum (3)
set forth, explain, expose
minuo, -ere, -ui, -utum (3)
lessen, diminish
nosco, -ere, novi, notum (3)
become acquainted with, learn, recognize; in perfect tenses, know
rogo (1)
ask, ask for