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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Christianity
the religion that is based on the teachings of Jesus.
inflation
an economic situation in which prices rise quickly and value of money decreases.
Pax Romana
was the long period of Roman peace and prosperity under imperial rule
judaism
the religion of the hebrew people
Jerusalem
is the holy city of Judaism and Christianity in modern day Israel.
panthenon
a roman temple to the roman gods (has one of the largest freestanding domes in the world)
Coliseum
used as a stadium for public entertainment, site of gladiator games
Forum
center of Roman government and religion (12 tables were kept there)
Aqueducts
Plumbing system designed to bring water into Rome
•Could bring water from distances of around 60 miles
•Some are still in working order today
Use of Arch in Architecture
•Had a keystone at the top of them.
Ptolemy
–Egyptian astronomer
–Believed the earth was the center of the solar system
–This belief lasted until Copernicus
Roman Baths
public and had public water systems
What is the language of Rome? What was it long term effect on languages?
•Latin- Basis of Romance languages--French, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Italian
•Over half the words in English language based on Latin
Virgil
–Wrote Aeneid
–Epic poem glorifying Rome and its accomplishments
Twelve Tables
–Written laws of Rome
Juvenal-
author, Roman Satirist of Silver Age Latin
Effects of Roman legal system on future civilization
•Provided equality under the law
•Principle of “innocent until proven guilty”
Constantine
roman emperor who converted to Christianity and moved the capital from Rome to Constantinople
Marcus Aurelius
last emperor of the Pax Romana period, and last of the good emperors, wrote meditations, fought off Barbarian invasions on the Danube Frontier
Diocletian
Revival emperor, he made a number of reforms in an attempt to stabilize Rome. These reforms prolonged the Decline of Rome
Theodosius
emperor who made Christianity the official religion of Rome
Factors that caused the decline of Rome
•Military deteriorates
•Moral Decay
•Political weaknesses
•Economic weaknesses
•Roman cities declined
•Population declined
Constantinople-
city that the roman capital was moved to from Rome (fell with the west part of Rome)
Attila the Hun
feared leader of the huns, a tribe of nomadic warriors known for brutality. Responsible for forcing other tribes westward, but never sacked the city of Rome itself
Alaric
chief who led his armies to capture Rome in 410 CE, looted the city
Odoacer
- Germanic chief who sacked Rome for the final time in 476 CE, exiling the Emperor, sacking the city, and enslaving many Romans
first Barbarian to rule in Rome
Visigoths
lead by Alaric, beat Rome and were a barbarian group from Germany area
transitions throughout Rome’s History
Beat Etruscans and became a republic in 509 BC
Republic becomes an empire
Pax Romana from 27 BCE to 180 CE
Rome starts to fall 180 CE and falls 476 CE
Republic to Civil Wars to Empire (Pax Romana and Decline)
Paul
He spent 17 years teaching people and he started new churches
He also spread Christianity through Asia Minor, in Greece and in Rome
Paul was important to the Christian religion because he wrote letters on behalf of the Christian religion. He combined letters with the gospels to make the New Testament in the bible. Paul was the second founder of Christianity and he taught Christian ideas to establish many of the early Christian communities. Paul traveled through different cities to teach and gain more followers
Peter
apostle that founded a church in the city of Rome
Pompey
in first triumvirate, had civil war against Caesar and lost, he also was a general
Julius Caesar
in first triumvirate, dictator for life, Rome became empire after he died
Vandals, Huns, and Ostrogoths-
Nomadic tribes of Germans, Persians, Slavs and Avars
Martyr
a person who dies in the name of their faith
Pontius Pilate
the Roman governor of Judea that ordered the persecution of Jesus
Jesus Christ
Born during reign of Augustus
Traveled through Galilee and Judea (30-33 AD), preaching to Jews.
He emphasized deeds of kindness and a more loving relationship with God
Judea
city where Jesus taught and the birthplace of Christianity
Bible: New Testament vs. Old Testament and their relationship to Christianity
New Testament was Jesus’ teachings and Christian part of the bible
Apostles
followers of Jesus
Disciples
followers of Jesus who spread Jesus’ word