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19 Cards in this Set

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The Germanic founders in the Medieval Ages were ______.
PAGANS
Why was the Church so important during the Medieval Ages (also known as "Age of Faith")?
GOVT WAS WEAK
SACRAMENTS
What are sacraments?
NO CHANCE OF SALVATION OUTSIDE OF CHURCH - 7 SACRAMENTS IN ALL
What is transubstantiation?
WHEN PRIEST TAKES BREAD AND WIN OF COMMUNION AND LITERALLY TRANSFORMS IT INTO THE BODY OF CHRIST ~ MIRACLE
What were 3 major roles of the Christian Church?
1. SACRAMENTS
2. CHARITY
3. EDUCATION
What were the two main problems in the Church?
1. MONASTIC COMMUNITIES - dumping grounds for unwanted children
2. INVESTITURE CONFLICT
What was the Cluny?
A NEW MONASTERY SET UP, DESIGNED FOR SUPERVISION AND CONTROL
What is appointing a clergyman to office in which the pope claims rights to? (nobles and kings have wanted to usurp this right)
INVESTITURE
Where did Henry IV, the Holy Roman Emperor, and Pope Gregory VII meet to settle their differences from when Henry kept appointing bishops?
CANOSSA
What was the most perfect gothic cathedral with stained glass windows and elaborate idols?
CHARTES, FRANCE
The church dominated in what type of trends?
INTELLECTUAL (theology & philosophy)
What is the difference between Aristotle's and the Christian's ideas of faith?
ARISTOTLE ARRIVED AT THE IDEA TO CONTRADICT FAITH BY DEDUCTIVE LOGIC

CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE IS BASED ON FAITH AND REASON
Who was the brilliant philosopher that said faith and reason don't have to be mutually exclusive truths - you must understand before you can believe?
ABELARD
What was Aquinas's method in bringing faith and reason together?
SCHOLASTICISM
(Aquinas constructed a syllogism to show that Aristotle messed up about reason and salvation)
What were the series of expeditions to reclaim the Holy land?
CRUSADES
Who wanted the nobility to takes the land back from the Muslims, promising each warrior a place in heaven if any soldier died in battle against the infidels?
POPE URBAN II
(practicing a Christian holy war, or jihad)
What great Muslim warrior who retook the land?
SALADIN
What is usury?
LOANING MONEY FOR INTEREST
What were the effects of the Crusades?
THE JEWS WERE A HIGH-PROFILE MINORITY BECAUSE THEY WERE MONEY LENDERS > CAUSED ANTI-SEMITISM (hatred for the Jews)