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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Where does the Renaissance first occur?
ITALY
What kind of study first develops in Italy?
HUMANISM
What is Humanism?
STUDY OF THE CLASSICS
REVIVAL OF THE GREEKS AND ROMANS
Who is the "Father of Humanism"?
PETRARCH
used the phrase "Dark Ages"
wanted to revive classic Latin
What is philology?
HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS
HOW LANGUAGES HAVE CHANGED OVER THE YEARS
What did Lorenzo Valla do?
TOOK THE "DONATION OF CONSTANTINE" AND PROVED IT FAKE
What is vernacular?
LANGUAGE THE PEOPLE SPOKE
Who was a contemporary to Petrarch and wrote "Decameron" - a landmark written in Italian?
BOCCACCIO
Who was the Italian humanist responsible for the West's discovery of Plato's works?
MERSILIO FICINO
What did Cosimo de Medici do?
"PLATONIC LIBRARY" WHERE HUMANISTS COULD STUDY PAST TEXTS
What is the idea behind "the Cult of Man"?
HUMANKIND IS THE MOST SPECIAL IN GOD'S CREATION
Which humanist wrote a piece about the dignity of man and free will as to where people can achieve a mystical relationship with God?
PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA
What was the official church version of the Bible?
THE VULGATE
Who led the humanist project in translating the Vulgate to the Polyglot Bible?
Where did this occur?
XIMENES DE CISNEROS
SPAIN
What did Erasmus say we should live by?
What does he anticipate?
THE PHILOSOPHY OF CHRIST
LUTHER & THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
Italy was not a monarch or united country. It was under _________ control.
CITY-STATE
The city-states experienced social unrest and turmoil. What was the cause of this?
CLASS CONFLICT
THE ELITES (OR GRANDI) STRUGGLED TO RETAIN POWER, BUT WERE CHALLENGED BY THE LOWER CLASSES
The turmoils of Italian city-states produced _________ change and created ______.
POLITICAL
REPUBLICS (did not last long and transformed to despotism)
What were the 5 City-state Powers on the Italian Peninsula?
1. FLORENCE - capital
2. MILAN
3. VENICE
4. PAPAL STATES
5. NAPLES AND SICILY
Who ruled Florence behind the scenes?
MEDICI FAMILY loaned Florence money
THIS WAS A REPUBLIC
Who was Milan's first despot?
VISCONTI - an empire builder, expanded Milan territory greatly
What type of govt was Venice?
OLIGARCHY
MAJOR SEA TRADERS
Who were the Papal States ruled by?
THE POPE
Naples and Sicily were jointly ruled by the ______ and __________.
MONARCHY
FOREIGN DYNASTIES
Who was the important political writer who wrote The Prince?
MACHIAVELLI
THE WEST'S FIRST POLITICAL SCIENTIST
The Northern Monarchies were ruled by ___ but their power was NOT ABSOLUTE.
KINGS AND QUEENS
Which 4 characteristics limited the kings and queens of the Northern Monarchies?
1. DYNASTIES/FAMILIES CONTROL THEIR POLICIES
2. INSTITUTIONAL DECENTRALIZATION but needed a bureaucracy
3. INHERENT WEAKNESSES: ARMY AND BUREAUCRACY
4. POPULAR SUPPORT
What does venal mean?
TO BUY A MILITARY POSITION/COMMISSION
What is a new form of feudalism when the wealthy nobles buy up positions and give them to the lower nobles, their men?
PATRON-CLIENT SYSTEM
Who transcended ethnic and national boundaries because of all the territories he owned?
CHARLES V OF HABSBURG