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37 Cards in this Set

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What are the 3 major empires in W. Africa that trade with Asian world?
What do they trade?
1. GHANA
2. MALI
3. SONGHAI

GOLD, SALT, AND SLAVES
What are three impacts of Islam in Africa?
1. AFRICA BECOMES PART OF TRADING NETWORK
2. RATES OF LITERACY RISE WHERE ISLAM SPREADS
3. STATE BUILDING AND POLITICAL COHESION (shift from feudalism to bureaucracy)
What became a cultural capital after the arrival of Islam?
TIMBUKTU
Who traveled in West Africa and Timbuktu and saw an advanced society in terms of medical care, justness, and literacy?
IBN BATTUTA
A _______ is easily identifiable because of its spires where people are called to pray 5 times a day.
MOSQUE
This Sudanese Empire peaked in the 11th Century and was powerful because of salt and gold trade.
GHANA
This Sudanese Empire peaked in the 14th Century, founded by Sundiata who people associated with success.
MALI
Who was the founder of Mali?
SUNDIATA
This Sudanese Empire replaced the Mali Empire whose greatest leader was Askia the Great - a super patron of learning and literature.
SONGHAI
________ was the greatest leader of Songhai who was a super patron of learning and literature.
ASKIA THE GREAT
This is a geographical and cultural expression which is the Eastern strip down the coast of Africa.
ZANJ
What was Imperial China like?
CHINA EXPANDS SUBSTANTIALLY
MULTICULTURAL
GROUP CHINESE BY DYNASTIES
This was a period of openness and embracing of foreigners - part Chinese, part Turkish.
TANG DYNASTY
618-907
Who was a Chinese emperor that was successful militarily and expanded China, humane and well-educated, liked foreign things?
LI SHIMIN
What was Li Shimin's capital - world's largest city at the same time, laid out on a grid?
CITY OF CHANG'AN (XI'AN)
What were the major foreign influences in Asia?
BUDDHISTS
JAPANESE
TURKISH
Tang China was the center of what religion?
BUDDHISM
Poetry flourished. Who was one of the greatest poets?
LI BO
Who was a commander that used his mercenary troops to stage a rebellion which turned into an 8 yr Civil War?
AN LUSHAN
Which two things did the Song Dynasty embrace?
CONFUCIANISM
SCHOLAR-GENTRY
Who took Confucianism and drew from it the idea that we need to think more about personal morality?
ZHU XI
What brought down the Song Dynasty?
THEY NEGLECTED MILITARY BECAUSE THEY WERE SUSPICIOUS OF THE MILITARY AND PUT ALL THEIR EMPHASIS ON THE BUREAUCRACY
Who conquered China after the Song Dynasty?
MONGOL EMPIRE
Who takes Mongolian tribes, and in the 12th century, pulls them together under unity?
GENGHIS KHAN
How does Genghis Khan expand his territory?
WARFARE
Who was Genghis Khan's grandson that finished the warfare he started?
KUBLAI KHAN
What was the Mongol Empire like?
PASTORALISTS (GOOD HORSEMEN)
ARMY WAS SYSTEMATIC
CREATED A WAY OF COMMUNICATION FROM LONG DISTANCES
EXPERIENCED IN USE OF BOW AND ARROW
OPENNESS
Who traveled through China for 17 years in the 12th Century, writing about his travels?
MARCO POLO
Who was the founder of the Ming Dynasty?
HUNG WU
born a peasant, orphaned, raised by Buddhist Monks
participated in anti-mongol society
What type of government did Hung Wu carry out?
AUTHORITARIAN (addressed 1600 letters per week)
INFLUENCED BY LAW AND ORDER OF LEGALISM
"MAINTAINED A PERSONAL RULE WITH AN ACTIVE HAND"
Taizu relied on bureaucracy, and emphasized education and the __________.
CIVIL SERVICE EXAM
Who is the king that ruled the Mali Empire and remembered for his fabled hajj and as a benefactor of Islamic scholarship?
MANSU MUSA
Because of the Ming's aggressive travel by sea, who sailed around SE Asia, Indian Ocean, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula - series of long-term voyages?
CHENG HO (ZHENG HE)
Why did China turn in with trade by sea after 1433?
CHINA BELIEVED SECURITY RESTED ON LAND DEFENSE - VULNERABLE TO N AND NW. SCHOLAR GENTRY CLAIMS THEY NEED TO FOCUS ON agriculture.
Who was a Jesuit that tried to convert the Chinese to Christianity but had problems for the beginning by discouraging the Chinese from ancestral worship?
MALTEO RICCI
Time period in which Christian missionaries (Jesuits and Franciscans) argue over the language of the mass.
RITES CONTROVERSY
*Jesuits think it should be in Chinese
*Franciscans thought it should be in original language - Latin
What was the status of women like in China?
PATRIARCHAL (family controls daughter)
FOOT BINDING (lotus petal - confined women to household even more)