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24 Cards in this Set

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Nubia
area south of Egypt, along the Nile by the cataracts
"Gifts of the Nile"
Nubia and Egypt-civilizations that flourished because of the resources the Nile offered
Pharaoh
Egyptian kings considered to be gods on earth
The Old Kingdom
first empire of Egypt-power of pharaohs at high point, pyramids constructed, mutually interested in Nubia to the south
Pyramids
royal tombs, sign of pharaoh's authority and divine power
Kush
Nubian African kingdom that conquered and controlled Egypt, referred to as Nubia also
Hyksos
invaders who siezed the Nile delta and helped bring an end to the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
Empire
government ruled by an emperor-land larger than kingdom and usually conquered
Queen Hatshepsut
ruled as a coruler with her stepson Tithmosis II-notion of a female ruler is unfamiliar and unsettling, so Queen is dipicted wearing a beard
bronze
alloy between copper and tin, high cost made it unavailable to most people
hieroglyphs
Egyptian pictographic writing, prominent on temples-visitors called them "holy inscriptions"
papyrus
paper-like material fashioned from the insides of papyrus reeds-hot dry climate preserved large numbers of these texts
scribe
professional writer in ancient times, since many people weren't literate
bantu
African people who originally lived in Nigeria, and they made a century-long migration that took them to most of sub-Saharan Africa-very influential, especially linguistically
age sets
each social class was a group of people born within a few years of each other-each set jointly assumed responsibilty for tasks appropriate to their level of maturity, energy, strength, etc
aryans
Indo-European tribe of India settling after 1500 BCE, union with Dravidiains formed basis of Hinduism
dravidiains
people who produced the Harappan civilization in India
harappa
early brilliant Indian society centered around Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
sanskrit
a language? not in book...
vedas
"wisdom"-early collection of prayers and hymns providing information about the Aryans who migrated to India
caste system
aryan way of organizing society-sharp hereditery distinctions between individuals and groups, according to their occupations and roles in society
lawbok of manu
Manu was the founder of human race by Indian mythology-the book dealt with proper moral and social behaviors
hinduism
main religion of India, combo of Dravidian and Aryan concepts, goal is to reach spiritual purity and union with the great world spirit-include dharma, karma, samsara
upanishads
Indian reflections and dialogues that reflected basis of Hindu concepts