Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A powerful, seafaring people who lived on Crete at southern edge of Aegean Sea.
Aegean Sea
A part of the Mediterranean Sea between Greece & Anatolia.
The wealthy Minoan Capital which had no fortifications suggesting peace & security from enemies.
King Minos
A King with a legendary Minotaur (half bull half human) who lived in a labyrynth or inescapable maze.
Seafaring & trading people who inhabited Phoenicia (modern day Lebanon) at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea.
A region at the eastern edge of Mediterranean which was the ancient home of the Phoenicians & later Phillistines.
The ancient home of the Hebrews (Jews) in the same region as Palestine; between the Jordan River & Mediterranean; promised them by God in the Bible.
The 1st five books of the Hebrew Bible as the most sacred writings; Christians know them as Old Testament.
The "father" of the Hebrew people whose "covenant" with God/Yahweh brought protection to the Hebrew people.
Belief in one God - Yahweh.
mono means one & theism means "god-worship"
A mutual promise between God and Abraham. Abraham promised to obey God in return for God's protection of Jews.
The man chosen by God to lead the Hebrews out of bondage in Egypt or the "Exodus".
From 1020-922 B.C. the Hebrews united under three kings: Saul, David & Solomon in the homeland God promised them.
In 922 B.C. due to high taxes and forced labor many Jews revolted and set up a new kingdom in the south with Jerusalem as capital.
Peace money paid by a weaker power (Israel) to a stronger power (Assyria)
The surrounding of a city by soldiers who are trying to capture it so that food, water, and other supplies cannot get in or out.
An agreement, usually having to do with peace or trade.
To get control by using force, as in a war
To plan a course of a ship; to sail or steer outside sight of land by stars, compass or sextant.
A group of people who settle in a far-off land but are still under the rule of the land they came from.
The Ten Commandments
Comandments coming directly from God to Moses as laws for the Hebrews to live by.
The capital city of the Babylonians under King Hammurabi (1792 - 1750 B.C.)
Known for the Tower of Babel & the Hanging Gardens in what is now Iraq.
Warrior peoples who came to the Eastern Mediterranean around 2000B.C.; conquered Anatolia (Turkey) & made weapons & tools of iron.
A warrior civilization that grew up on the banks of the Tigris River in the capital Ashur; hard rulers with strict laws & punishments; developed 1st seige weapons, water lifts, 1st library, forced tribute, & fine buildings & statues
A group of people according to social rank
A social class in India.
A belief that living souls are reborn in a new body
Knowing the truth.
A person from whom one is descended
A series of rulers who belong to the same family
To set apart from others
Indian corn
A place of worship believed to be sacred or holdy
Indus River
Lands around the Indus river became the culture hearth for a civilization that is today India & Pakistan.
A major city in the Indus River Valley with advanced technology such as apartments, covered drainage systems, brick houses, public pools & bath houses; destroyed by Aryans in 1500BC
Aryan religion = worship of many Gods, one universal spirit called Brahman included the divinities Brahma-the creator of universe, Vishnu - its preserver, & Shiva-its destroyer. All people were divided into Social Castes:
Priests/Scholars, rulers/warriors, craftworkers,merchants farmers & unskilled workers; reincarnation of souls
a gentle religion, the sacred life is found in unselfishness yielding the state of mind "Nirvana" (heaven); reincarnation - a cycle of death & rebirth,
Maurya Empire
321 B.C. new empire in northern India under their 3rd Emperor Asoka who made Buddism the state religion, new laws to treat all people equally, & love to all living creatures.
Huang-He Valley Civilization
"The Black-haired People" lived in the Yellow River Valley, Isolated by steep mtns., wide deserts, & deep seas; dug pitlike houses in ground & wove roofs of grass, kings lived in palaces of wood & mud, developed writing in 1700BC = earliest historical records, made silk cloth, & honored ancestors.
Chinese Dynasties
The Shang Dynasty ruled 500 yrs.; the Zhou Dynasty (1028 B.C.)were warlike with systems of irrigation & flood control; the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.) under Shi Huangdi had strong central government,
named "China", started the Great Wall of China for protection from invaders; the Han Dynasty gained control by 206B.C.
Civilizations of the Americas
Native Americans came to North America across the Beringia Land Bridge during Ice Ages & filtered down through north, central & south america as hunter-gatherers & later farmers of maize, corn, squash, beans, tomatoes & Llamas/wool & cotton by 3000B.C.
Olmec Civilization
built 1st city in Mexico around 1200B.c, carved giant stone heads & built shrines w/o metal tools or wheels; had counting system, simple calendar, lasted >1000yrs.
Mayan Civilization
Began in Southern Mexico & Central America in Rain forests; built great temples to gods of rain & earth; built planet observatories & developed the 365 day calendar
(250B.C.- A.D.800)
Inca Civilization
People of the mountains of Peru in South America around A.D. 1200. Took under control all of Peru, & parts of Columbia, Bolivia, Ecuador & Chile. Ruler was called the "Inca" (decendant of the sun)ruled > 6 million & built fine roads & communication system
Characteristics of Civilizations
1.Advance cities 2.Specialized workers
3.Complex Institutions
4.Record Keeping & Writing
5.Advanced Technology