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28 Cards in this Set

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Land just beyond the border of a country
Frontier
Primitive; without training in the arts, science, or government.
Uncivilized
Uncivilized primitive people living outside Greece/Rome in the days of the Roman Empire
Barbarians
A member of a Germanic Tribe that invaded the Roman Empire.
Vandal
Forced to live away from home in a foreign land.
Exiled
A long story of brave, heroic, deeds. Ex. Beowulf or Norse Mythology
Saga
The political & military system of much of western Europe during the Middle Ages
Feudalism
A pledge of loyalty, a promise to serve, made to Kings and Lords during the Middle Ages
Homage
A large piece of land with a large home on it.
Estate
Belonging to the Middle Ages Period of history
Medieval
A building with strong walls for defense against an enemy.
Fortress
A visit to a holy place; Jews & Christians to Jerusalem & Muslims (Islamic) to Mecca or Medina.
Pilgrimage
A religious leader who claims to speak for God; one who tells what will happen in the future (clairvoyant) such as Ezekial or Abraham in Hebrew Bible
Prophet
A place or condition of perfect happiness; Heaven
Paradise
A time when enemies agree to stop fighting through collaboration, mediation or arbitration.
Truce
More than what is needed; can be stored for later use or sold for profit
Surplus
Land not used for farming during a season/seasons.
Fallow
People living in a place, or the total number of those people per square mile/Km.
Population
To move away from one country/region to settle in another.
Migrate
An organization formed to protect the interests of workers.
Guild
A person who learns a trade under a master.
Apprentice
A worker who has finished an apprenticeship & receives wages, but who is not yet a master.
Journeyman
Fairness according to the principles of right & wrong.
Justice
(500-1500 AD) The era in European History that followed the fall of Western Rome & ushered in the Feudal System. Decline in education, wars & black plague killed off millions (dark ages)
Middle Ages/Medieval Period or Dark Ages
A dynasty of Frankish rulers from A.D. 751-987 ; began when the Pope anointed Pepin "king by the grace of God", father of Charlemagne
Carolingian Dynasty
A "major domo" (Mayor of the Palace) who was the most powerful person in Frankish Kingdom; he defeated the Muslim raiders from Spain at the Battle of Tours in 719 which preserved Christianity in Europe
Charles Martel
Son of Pepin the Short who created a great Frankish Empire by claiming lands of Muslim & Germanic Tribes. Improved learning, built Monastic schools, ruled Nobles through Royal Agents, & made sure Counts ruled their people justly
Charlemagne ( Charles the Great)
In 814 Charlemagne died leaveing his Empire to Louis the Pious whose ineffective rule led to his 3 sons division of the empire: Lothair, Charles the Bald & Louis the German fought one another, lost power & central authority which ended with Feudalism.
Treaty of Verdun