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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
RA a-wave
contraction of the RA
RA c-wave
tricuspid closure
RA v-wave
passive filling of the RA
RA
loss of a waves or only v waves
afib
v-pacing
RA

cannon a waves
junctional
3* AVB
PVC's
V pacing
tricuspid/mitral stenosis
vent hypertrophy
ischemia
RA a-wave
contraction of the RA
RA c-wave
tricuspid closure
RA v-wave
passive filling of the RA
RA a-wave
contraction of the RA
RA
loss of a waves or only v waves
afib
v-pacing
RA c-wave
tricuspid closure
RA

cannon a waves
junctional
3* AVB
PVC's
V pacing
tricuspid/mitral stenosis
vent hypertrophy
ischemia
RA v-wave
passive filling of the RA
RA
loss of a waves or only v waves
afib
v-pacing
RA

cannon a waves
junctional
3* AVB
PVC's
V pacing
tricuspid/mitral stenosis
vent hypertrophy
ischemia
RA a-wave
contraction of the RA
RA c-wave
tricuspid closure
RA v-wave
passive filling of the RA
RA
loss of a waves or only v waves
afib
v-pacing
RA

cannon a waves
junctional
3* AVB
PVC's
V pacing
tricuspid/mitral stenosis
vent hypertrophy
ischemia
RA a-wave
contraction of the RA
RA c-wave
tricuspid closure
RA v-wave
passive filling of the RA
RA
loss of a waves or only v waves
afib
v-pacing
RA

cannon a waves
junctional
3* AVB
PVC's
V pacing
tricuspid/mitral stenosis
vent hypertrophy
ischemia
RA

large v-waves
tricuspid/mitral regurgitation

acuye hypervolemia
causes of increased CVP
RV failure
tricuspid stenosis
cardiac tamponade
constrictive pericarditis
fluid overload
pulmonary HTN
chronic LV failure
causes of increased PAP
LV failure
mitral stenosis/regurgitation
left to right shunt
ASD or VSD
volume overload
pulmonary HTN
catheter whip
causes of increased PAOP
LV failure
mitral stenosis or regurgitation
cardiac tamponade
constrictive pericarditis
volume overload
ischemia
low CVP
low PADP
low PAOP
hypovolemia
CVP normal or high
PADP high
PAOP high
LV failure
wrong transducer height
CVP high
PADP normal or low
PAOP normal or low
RV failure, TR, TS
CVP high
PADP high
PAOP normal or low
PE
CVP high
PADP high
PAOP normal
pulmonary HTN
CVP high
PADP high
PAOP high
tamponade
ventricular interdenpendence
wrong transducer height
CVP normal
PADP normal or high
PAOP high
MR
LV ischemia
CVP low
PADP high
PAOP normal
ARDS
cuff falsely high?
too small cuff
arterial stiffness
hyperthermia
cuff falsey low?
too large cuff
poor tissue perfusion
operator error
most common EEG wave?
alpha

awake resting with eyes closed
EEG beta wave?
eyes open, concentrating
EEG theta waves?
anesthesia/cortical depression
EEG sleep waves?
delta
burst suppression?
good in anesthetic states

bad in pathology
Ideal anesthetized BIS?
40-60
pulse ox based on ___ law?
Beer's

oxyhemoglobin absors the infared light (940)

deoxyhemoglobin absor=bs the red light (660)
you need quick and accurate pulse ox, where do you put it?
ear
wood's metal
melts at 200c

bismuth, lead, tin and cadmium
critical temperature is below room temo, you have a ______
gas
7 required cylinder markings
1-regulatory body (DOT) type/material of cylinder
2-serial number
3-purchaser, user and manufacturer
4-manufacturer's manual
5-manufacturer's identifyinf symbol
6-retest dat, retester, ID symbol, 110% filling, ten year test interval
7-neck rign owner's identification

lettering must be 1/4" high
cylinder wall thickness
3/8"
who sets stds for anesthesia machines, ETT tubes, etc...
ANSI
who establishes rec's for transportation, design, constructin, fillinf, etc of compressed gas cylinders?
DOT
who sets standards to protect health care workers?
NIOSH and OSHA
who sets standards for location and installatin of bulk 02 systems?
NFPA
cylinder pressure guage aka...
bourdon
which pressure system flucuates the most?, the least?
most-intermediate

least-low
check valve in pipeline inlet type?

function
floating, seats according to pressure

prevents contamination hospital supplt and leak
check valve in power outlet for ventilator type?
ball and spring
check valve type in hanger yoke assembly?

function?
free floating, opens with pressure, closses with pressure

prevents a full cylinder from emptying into an empy cylinder (transfilling (HEAT!!) or wall o2 from entering a cylinder

safety valve
first stage 02 regulator?

valve type
cylinder pressure decreased to 40-50 psi, serves both yokes

diaphragm valve
second stage 02 regulator?

valve type?
reduces pressure of 40-50 to 16psig

receives wall pressure 02 or 02 from the first stage regulator

diaphragm valve
02 vlush valve
only valve on intermediate pressure circuit

all or none

dilutes gases
o2 flush valve type?
ball/spring
pressure sensor shut-off valve or fail safe device

valve type?
senses 02 pressure at 50 psi
shuts off N20
02 pressure must maintain at least 25 psig to keep valve open
pin and spring type valve
senses only pressure, not flow
02 flow meter and control valve

valve type
delivers gas to patient circuit
rec's Low Pressure
needle valve
the ]Thorpe tube is gas specific and is tapered with the largest diameter at the top
only machine with check valve between vapriaers and CGO?
ohmeda only

free floating
What happens if the inspiratory valve sticks open?
rebreathing and increase in C02 baseline
what happens if expiratory valve stick open?
gas will follow path of least resistance

won;t have enough pressure to ventilate the patient
inspiratory/expiratory valves?

type?
permits direction of gas flow to and from the patient (unidirectional)

opening is limited by a retainer

FLUTTER VALVES
APL valve (pop off)
adjusts the limit of pressure in the patient circuit and rebreathing bag

tightening the knob will increasd the pressure

attatched to the exhalation check valve
absorber gas flows
on inspiration, the gas flows down through the soda lime, directly from the CGO, and from the rebreathing bag

flow of gases opens the inhalational valve

on expiration gas flows through the exhalati check valve to the APL/breathing bag
waste gas scavenging system
receives gas from the APL and ventilator
positive pressure relief valve will allow gas to escape from the system to the OR if pressure builds up in the system
wall evacuation system requires the needle valve to be properly adjusted. if excess flow is present, the the negative pressure relief valve will open and if flow is not enough the positive pressure releif valve opens and waste ags enters the OR

ADJUSTING THE NEEDLE VALVE DOES NOT REGULATE VACUUM OR SUCTION, JUST THE FLOW OF WASTE GASES INTO THE VACUUM SOURCE
IF THE VAPORIZER IS tipped, this can result in______
musch higher gas flows 2-30% higher
factors that may cause a failure to deliver adequate 02 to the alveoli. [8]
empty 02 cylinder
incorrect cylinder on 02 yoke
closed 02 cylinder valve
02 flowmeter off
02 leak within the machine or flowmeter
incomplete or absent circuit unidirectinoal valves
breathing circuit leak
inadequate ventilation
factors that may cause hypercarbia

patient factors {5)
CNS depression
muscle relaxants
motor blockade
airway obstruction
severe intrapulmonary shunting
factors that may cause hypercarbia

delivery system problems [7]
apnes (not ventilating)
idadequate VE
increased dead space in apparatus
missing unidirectinal valves
incorrectly sembled circuit system
exhausted C02 absorbent/channeling
inadequaate FGF's