Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/73

Click to flip

73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three types of friendship?
Pleasure, utility, good
What is "true friendship"?
It is the love of one's own higher good.
"Friend is another self"
What is the highest happiness?
Conteplation, the only, pure intrinsic good.
What are the three best pleasures?
purity, stability, self-sufficiency
What is the conflict with intellectual virtue?
Divine self-sufficiency vs. "people who need people"
Which study comes first, ethics or moral goodness?
Ethics
What are the popular views of happiness?
Virtue (prudence and wisdom)
Pleasure
External goods
What is the non-rational soul made up of?
Obeys Reason (moral virtue)
Nutritive (physical health)
What is the rational soul made up of?
Pure Reason (contemplative wisdom)
Practical Reason (practical wisdom)
What are the characteristics of moral virtue? (4)
-A habit
-Fulfills purpose of nature
-A mean between extremes
Concerns feelings and actions: to experience emotions properly
- as perceived by “man of high standards”
Name virtue and vice of COURAGE:
rash – COURAGE – coward
Name virtue and vice of TEMPERANCE:
insensible – TEMPERANT – indulgent
Name virtue and vice of LIBERAL:
prodigal – LIBERAL – meanness
Name virtue and vice of MAGNIFICENT:
vulgar – MAGNIFICENT – niggardly
Name virtue and vice of PRIDE:
vanity – PRIDE – humility
Name virtue and vice of AMBITION:
ambitious – RT AMBITION – unambitious
Name virtue and vice of GOOD-TEMPER:
irritable – GOOD-TEMPER - never irritable
Name virtue and vice of TRUTHFUL:
boastful – TRUTHFUL – mock-modest
Name virtue and vice of WITTY:
buffoon – WITTY – boorish
Name virtue and vice of FRIENDLY:
obsequious – FRIENDLY – surly
Name virtue and vice of MODEST:
bashful – MODEST – shameless
Name virtue and vice of JUSTICE:
injustice – JUSTICE - injustice
What does courage have to do with fear?
Endures fear “in the right way…” for the sake of “acting nobly.”
What is the quote about courage with ends and circumstances?
“Pleasant end obscured by attendant circumstances…”
What does the magnanimous man think of recieving honors?
He deserves them but it is not good enough for his high virtue.
What does the magnanimous man feel about praise?
Like to hear about good they have done, not good they have received.
What are the three descriptions of a magnanimous man according to Aristotle?
“a slow gait, a deep voice, a deliberate way of speaking…”
On truth, from the standpoint of moral virtue philosophy is what?
A graceful vice
On truth, from the standpoint of philosophy, moral virtue is what?
A boast
To Aristotle, what comes first, straightforwardness or opinion?
Straightforwardness
On justice, what is the definition of lawful?
Complete virtue … in relation to fellow men.
On justice, what is the definition of fair?
Proportional (depends on judgment of merit)
Is natural justice changeable?
Yes
Practical wisdom guides what?
Moral virtue
Moral virtue guides what?
Practical wisdom
Why is Practical Wisdom NOT the highest wisdom?
Because “man is not the best thing in the universe”
What is theoretical wisdom?
The highest happiness: contemplation – the only pure, intrinsic good.
What is the relationship between the object and subject of percieving something?
“When both object and subject of perception are at their best, there will always be pleasure.”
Why is this Divine living impossible?
Incapable of continuous activity
Why is having education backed by law a problem?
It assumes knowledge of legislation (the big problem with Politics)
What is the order of forming a city?
household - village - city
What is the individual in relation to the city?
Whole prior to part
Why are we "by nature political animals?"
We speak
Does Aristotle justify slavery?
In principle, but not in reality.
How common is it to be a good man and a good citizen?
Rare
Why is Practical Wisdom NOT the highest wisdom?
Because “man is not the best thing in the universe”
What is theoretical wisdom?
The highest happiness: contemplation – the only pure, intrinsic good.
What is the relationship between the object and subject of percieving something?
“When both object and subject of perception are at their best, there will always be pleasure.”
Why is this Divine living impossible?
Incapable of continuous activity
Why is having education backed by law a problem?
It assumes knowledge of legislation (the big problem with Politics)
What is the order of forming a city?
household - village - city
What is the individual in relation to the city?
Whole prior to part
Why are we "by nature political animals?"
We speak
Does Aristotle justify slavery?
In principle, but not in reality.
How common is it to be a good man and a good citizen?
Rare
Can a worker be a citizen?
No, they are too preoccupied
Monarchy's vice is?
Tyranny
Aristocracies vice is?
Oligarchy
Polities vice is?
Democracy
Does Aristotle classify by class?
No
few = rich
many = poor
What are the means of a good polis?
Property and defense
What are the ends of a good polis?
Living well for the sake of noble actions
What is the best political constitution?
POLITY (like virtue, a “mean” open to many)
What is this Polity made up of?
Solid, moderate middle class: listens to reason, avoids arrogance/envy; free from factions.
What is Aristotles "just mixture?"
Pay the poor, fine the rich to encourage participation
What is the four practical advices that Aristotle gives about governing a Polity?
-Avoid “community policing"
-Moderation
-Fear: remind people of dangers
-Attend: to lifestyles & education
*What are the characteristics of a Democracy?
*-Balancing numbers / property
-Best democracies: agrarian, pastoral
*How do you preserve a Democracy?
-Avoid confiscatory litigation
-Discourage participation of poor
-Don’t distribute surplus
-Perpetuate prosperity,
provide land, jobs
-Mix election, lot
What is the "core" of happiness?
Action
What is beyond action?
Study and thought
What is Aristotles views of sex and marriage?
-Citizens (man 37, female 18)
-Abortions acceptable
-Adultry is bad
-Censor obscenity
What is one purpose of education?
Leisure
What is Aristotles views on women?
Lack authority