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31 Cards in this Set

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Bastille- July 14th 1789
The Natl Assembly storms a prison
Pendulum Theory of Revloution
when it starts after a while it swings to much; not what they expected
First Estate
clergy
Second Estate
nobility
Third Estate
commons
Louis XVI
king of France during the French Revolution was executed
Estates General
May 1789, King Louis XVI called a meeting of the French Legislature the Estates-General (which hadn’t met in 200 years)- a group of representatives from each of the three estates, meets separately w/ the king
Abbie Sieyes "What is the 3rd Estate"
What are they? everything
What do they have? nothing
What do they want?
Nat'l Assembly
Third Estate
Tennis Court Oath
They call themselves the National Assembly; & swore loyalty, and swore not to leave until France got a constitution.
The Tennis court oath-June 1789 let them have meeting in the tennis court
Bastille- July 14th 1789
The Natl Assembly storms a prison
Great Fear
local peasants attack the lords
Declaration of the Rights of Man
"every man has rights" take the philosophes stand
Woman's March to Versialles
they captured the king and hi
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
an attack on the Catholic Church
Declaration of Pillnitz
- # of European States (especially the British) that intended the stop the revolution, and put Louis back, even if they have to invade France
- Some of the European countries feared that the people in there countries might revolt as well
- In 1791- There is an international army at the gates of Paris
National Convention
the renaming of the National Assembly
Jacobins, Girondists, Mountain
all radicals in France
Paris Commune
a gov. that controls Paris lead by George Danton
Committee of Public Safety
the organization led by Robespierre
Maximilian Robespierre
ran the Natl. Convention & the rest of France
“The Republic of Virtue” no aristocrats everyone was a citizen
“Reign of Terror”
New France- renamed the churches, street names, changed the calendar, wanted nothing in France that reminded them of the old France
Thermidorian Reaction
pedulum beginning to swing back from the radical Characterized by confusion and corruption
New Constitution of 1795
- to be a citizen of France you have to be 21 yrs. old and a citizen
Napoleon Bonaparte
was a symbol of the French Revolution
• Was in Egypt when the Revolution got bloody, fighting and conquering in the name of France
• 1799- The Consulate, he was a consul, became the only consul, was then named Emperor of France in 1804
• Internal institutionalized, he decides what changes from the revolution will stay and which will be thrown out the window
• Concordat of 1801- the Church returned to France, but the clergy are paid by Napoleon
• New administrative system – bureaucracy who can easily be common people
• Code Napoleon-(Civil Code)- 1804 everyone was equal before the law
• Public education- public schools were put up all over France, were only for males
• Bank of France- the opportunity to borrow $$$
• Napoleon offered opportunities to the common people
Reign of Terror
Maximilian Robespierre guillotined anyone that did not fit in to the "New France"
Catherine the Great
Married Catherine- German noblewoman- parent married her off.

Very smart- Russians came to her and said they would make her czarina.
Peter was found murdered shortly after he became czar. She was tsarina
the first woman- Catherine the Great She is a would be philosophe.
Hosted many salons. She wrote many things.

She talked about the big issue for Russia- lets do away with
Serfdom-largest % of serf and largest population- millions of serfs.
Philosphes say set them free and Catherine listens and talks about it and comes up with plans, but does nothing about it

She is very big into the enlightenment but did not rennovate Russia.
salons & philosophes
Catherine the Great She is a would be philosophe.
Hosted many salons. She wrote many things.
Charter of Nobility(1785) & Gov. reorganization
gave a little power to the nobles
Serfdom and Pugachev's revolt
Catherine She talked about the big issue for Russia- lets do away with
Serfdom-largest % of serf and largest population- millions of serfs.
Philosphes say set them free and Catherine listens and talks about it and comes up with plans, but does nothing about it

1773--- Pugachev- Russian orthodox priest launched Pugachev’s rebellion went on for years. Big disappointment, they thought she would back them up but she didn’t
Partition of Poland
POLAND- king of poles- was elected- not much power not even polish

3 partitions- 1772 1795

Austria

Prussia

Russia

All 3 bordered Poland
Peter III czar of Russia
1762 - died the same year. He would Take a teeny gullitine and chops rats heads off.