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92 Cards in this Set

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Name the 5 levels of cavemen and their time frame.
Homohabilis - 2,000,000 - 1,600,000
Homoerectus - 1,600,000 - 300,000
Archaichomosapiens - 300,000 - 125,000
Neanderthal - 125,000 - 40,000
Homosapiens - 40,000 - now
Name the 1st caveman and time frame
Homohabilis - 2,000,000 - 1,600,000
Which level of caveman was becoming more erect, but still walking stooped?
Archaichomosapiens 300,000 - 125,000
When was the first experience of fire?
Approx 400,000 BC
Name the 4 customes for the dead, by the Neanderthals
1. Double position (fetal)
2. Painting iwth Ochre (element of iron ore)
3. Buried close to fire
4. Buried food with person
Times of the Paleolith and what aka?
Paleolith aka Old Stone

Lower Paleolith - 2,000,000 - 30,000

Upper Paleolith - 30,000 - 10,000
Period after Paleolith (Old Stone Age)
Mesolithic - Middle Age
10,000 - 7,000
Times of the Neolith and what aka?
aka New Stone Age
begins at 7,000 BC
Name the 3 metal ages after/during the Neolith (New Stone Age)
Copper Age - 6,000 - 4,500
Bronze Age - 5,000 - 2,000
Iron Age - 2,000 - .....
We believe that the caveman began where?
South Africa - Oldivai
Tool Collection?
Oldivain
Most advanced tool collection
Mousterian
Neanderthal built what with tools?
1. Shelter
2. Basketry
3. Pottery
4. Weaving
Two areas of Mesopotamia?
Northern Meso - Assyria

Southern Meso - Babylonia
Regions of Babylonia?
(Southern Mesopotamia)

1. Akkad (Semetic) - Lang derived from the desert
2. Sumer (Indo Eurompean) - Lang not desert based.
Writing begins where?
Sumer - located in the region of Babylon, southern Mesopotamia.
What area dominated Mesopotamia?
Sumer (Indo-Europeans)
Two rivers in Mesopotamia?

One river in Egypt
Euphrates & Tigris

Nile
Natural resource of Egypt
Papyrus tree (Meso does not have)
Early writing was predominantly what style? When & Where did it begin?
Predominantly Pictographic

Began in Sumer in 3500 BC
Time period of the Theocracy?
3500-2500 BC
Birth place of Abraham?
Ur
Major Sumerian cities?
Ur, Lagash, Erech, Umma
Time period of 1st Dynasty of Ur and its ruler?
2525 - 2425

Mesannepado
Which 2 cities fight after the 1st dynasty of Ur collapses?
Lagash & Umma

Lagash will win - leg by Eannatum
Describe Theocracy
Time period prior to the 1st Dynasty of Ur where priests controlled cities by controlling the land.

3500 - 2500 BC
Who is Eannatum
Led Legash to victory over Umma after the fall of the 1st Dynasty of Ur.
What is the "Stele of the Vulture"
Sculpture of pure stone to commemorate Eannatum (ruler of Lagash after the fall of the 1st dynasty of Ur.)
Who is Urkagina?
Brought first LAW CODE
1st social reformer in history.
Lagash rules Umma when?
Lagash defeats Umma approx 2425. Rules Umma till 2350, when Umma attacks and defeats Lagash.
"Luga" means what?
King
Who is Lugalzaggisi?
Ruler of Umma - led Umma to attack and defeat Lagash in 2350 BC
Who conquers Lugalzaggisi and when?
Sargon conquers Lugalzaggisi and rules from 2340 - 2150.
Who is Sargon?
Ruler of Umma - 2340 - 2150.

Establishes semetic dynasty
Who is Guti?
Ruled after Sargon in 2150 - 2130 BC
1st major ruler of the 3rd dynasty of Ur
Ur - Nammu

Controlled Sumer & Akkad (s. meso, aka Babylonia)
Deemed a God when dies
Grandson of Sargon?
Naron - Sim
First writing? Wet clay - impressed pictures.
Cuneiform
System of writing - 3 languages?
Behistun Rock
Unlocks Egyptian history
Found near the city of Rosetta
Several languages
Rosetta Stone
Belief in the existence of spirits separable from the body.
Animism
Male figure
Represents the earth
An
Female figure
represents heaven
Ki
An & Ki create human race & Gods & Goddesses
Anunnaki
Mesopotamian God - 2600 BC
Enforcer of Anunnaki
Enlil
The mesopotamian god that didn't want to die.
Ruler of Uruk
Gilgamesh
Sumerian flood legend
Ziusuda
Religious ancient structure in Mesopotamia. Step structure.
Zigguart
Wall around the ziggurat
Ekur
Semetic people living in Mesopotamia.
Troublesom nomads believed to be one of the causes of the downfall of the 3rd dynasty of Ur
Amorities
Started the Amorites
Ruler of the 1st dynasty of Babylon
Extensive Law Code
Established Old Babylonia
Hammurabi
New deity created by Hammurabi
Replaced Enlil
Ghief God of Babylon
Called himself King of the 4 quarters
Marduk
3 peoples during the fall of the old Babylonia dynasty.
Hittites
Mitanni
Kassites
Who rules Hittites?
Suppililiumas
Who ruled the Mitanni
Tushratta
Who ruled the Kassites
Harmhab
When was the fall of the Old Babylonia dynasty
1550 - 1350 BC
Ruler of Egypt
Creates Supreme deity - Monotheism
aka Amenhotep iv
Akhnaton - 1353 - 1336
Ruler of the Hittites - after Suppililumas
Tabarna the Sun
Ancient capital of the Hittites
Approx 300 acres - #'s of gates for protection
Hattusas
1st king of unified Egypt
believed to be the first pharaogh of Egypt.
menes - upper & lower egypt
Narmer
3100 - 2700 BC
1st part of Egyptian history
Pulling together - political power, pharaoh's
Early Egyptian dynasty
2 Major Egyptian cities
Memphis & Thebes
2700 - 2200 BC
Pyramid building period
Pharaoh on top of system
Old Egyptian Kingdom
Stages of Egyptian History
2200 - 2000 = 1st Intermediate
2000 - 1800 = Middle Kingdom
1800 - 1600 = 2nd Intermediate
1600 - 1100 = New Kingdom
1100 - 525 = Post New Kingdom
Types of Egyptian Burial
Shallow grave, Bricked in, Mastaba, Zoser Step Pyramid, Angle Pyramid (Snefru)
Known by the Greeks as "Cheops"
Builder of the great pyramid
Khufu
Where the rock came from to build the great pyramid
Scarp
Most ancient and primative of all Egyptian writing systems.
Hieroglyphic
Cursive style of writing
Hieratic
More cursive and simplified system than Hieratic writing
Demotic
Hawk God
Son of Osirus
Horus
Sun God
Patron deity
Amon Re
People attach to animal deities in areas where they lived
totenism
Concept of Heaven somewhere in the west.
Field of rushes
One of the most important gods of ancient Egypt.
Double god - God of Fertility & God of the dead.
Father of Horus
Husband if Isis
Osiris
Soul stays with the person through life. Birth
Ka
Soul in a dead person
Ba
Next in power to the pharaoh.
vizier
Crowns worn by the pharaoh?

Upper Egypt
Lower Egypt
Upper & Lower Egypt?
White - Upper
Red - Lower
Double Crown - Upper & Lower
Agricultural Laborer
Free but not completely, at the bottom yet still not a slave.
Serf
Introduced Horse & chariot & various tools.
1700 - 2nd intermediate
Hyksos
Capital of Hyksos empire. Lower Egypt political capital.
1600 national revolution
Avaris
4 pharaoh's of Egypt - after Hyksos is defeated?
1. Akmes 1570 - 1545
2. Amenhotep I - 1545 - 1525
3. Thothmes I - 1525 - 1505
Hatshepsut - 1505 - 1490
Thothmes II
4. Thothmes III - 1490 - 1450
King of Egypt - 1390 - 1353
Had as many as 365 wives.
Ty is the chief wife.
Amenhotep III
aka Akhnaton
creates supreme deity as an expression of monotheism.
established new monotheistic cult of Aton.
Amenhotep IV
Meaning God - this suffix is added to many names such as pharaoh's.
Aton
Married to Akhnaton
Nefertiti
New city symbolic of new religion - Aton.
Akhnaton transferred the capital of Egypt from Thebes to here.
Gave Egypt new direction to God.
Akhetaton
Home of the King
House of Life
Reign marked last peak of Egyptian imperal power.
Constructed Abul Simbel (most prestigous pharaoh temple.
Rec'd bravery medal for the battle of Kadesh.
Rameses II - 1290 - 1225 BC
Won the Battle of the Sea People
Ramesis III 1198 - 1167 BC