Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pyrrhic victory
A victory or success that comes at the expense of great losses or costs
Social Darwinism
A theory in sociology that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority [Europeans]
The reduction of the effectiveness of a force caused by loss of personnel and material [A rubbing away or wearing down]
Responsible for the creation of the Germany Empire
Pan slavism
Europe/Czech Republic/Russia -- a movement advocating the political and cultural union of Slavic nations and peoples ["our little brothers"]
"Little brothers" to Russia; wished to expand and become greater Serbia
Triple entente
Association between Britain, France, and Russia
Russo-Japanese War (1905)
War between Russia and Japan -- Japan wins and their win becomes an insult that an Asian country could beat an European country [Social Darwinism]
Wilhelm II
"A place in the sun" --
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Death starts the "Great War" -- Austria demands an ultimatum and Serbia says NO [Death caused by The Black Hand"
Austro-Hungarian empire
Hodge-podge of different nationalities -- only thing holding up the country is the Hapsburg dynasty
The Black Hand
An under-ground terrorist organization started to kill of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne
"The Blank Check"
A signed check with no amount to be paid filled in
Organization of a nation's armed forces for active military service in time of war or other national emergency
The Schlieffen Plan
To meet the possibility of Germany's facing a war against France in the west and Russia in the east, Schlieffen proposed that, instead of aiming the first strike against Russia, Germany should aim a rapid, decisive blow with a large force at France's flank through Belgium, then sweep around and crush the French armies against a smaller German force in the south
Neutral country during the beginning of WWI -- Britain used as proproganda during the last years of the war -- Germany asked permission to march through Belgium in order to get to France (Belgium said no, but Germany persisted anyway)
Total War
When the economy and all aspects of society geared up towards the war
A type of message aimed at influencing the opinions or behavior of people -- Manipulation of the people
Central Powers
In WWI, the coalition of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
the first battle of the Marne
Won by the Allied Powers (France, Britain, (Germany)) -- Purpose of battle was to inflict a decisive defeat on the British and French and to retreat before them and then turn east and come behind the French armies
trench warfare
Warfare in which the opposing sides attack, counterattack, and defend from sets of trenches dug into the ground
"no man's land"
Land under dispute by two opposing parties, especially the field of battle between the lines of two opposing entrenched armies
"going over-the-top"
Is a military phrase derived from the trench warfare of the First World War -- Attacks starting from trenches required infantry to climb over the top of the parapet before they could cross no man's land to attack the enemy trenches.
A narrow peninsula of northwest Turkey extending between the Dardanelles and the Gulf of Saros; it was the scene of heavy fighting (1915) between Allied and Turkish forces in World War I
Contraband of war
a term in international law that refers to a belligerent's right to prevent an enemy from receiving goods of value in waging war and to seize and condemn any cargo shipped by a neutral nation to a warring power, usually on the high seas
The isolation of a nation, area, city, or harbor by hostile ships or forces in order to prevent the entrance and exit of traffic and commerce
unrestricted submarine warfare
Is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning [Germany seized unrestricted warfare after the sinking of the Lusitania]