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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Hippocrates
469-399, first writer on greek medicine
Pericles
495-429, Athenian leader during its period of empire
Dionysus
god who gave men release through wine and revels
Athena
goddess of wisdom and arts. patroness of antens
Catharsis
feeling of having no control
chorus
choir in play, part of spectating, draw people into stories
antigone
tragedy by Sophocles about the daughter of Oepdipus
Oedipus Tyrannos
was a prophecy that he would kill dad/marry mom. became a tyrant, people found out about prophecy=truth. he = pullution
Hubris
overwhelming pride
philo
love of family
eros
love in a sexual way, romantic love
agape
unconditional love
attica
near athens
laconia
where people don't speak very much
tragedy
theatrical performance shower sorrow, or sorrowful events
comedy
theatrical performance showing comical events
demagogue
one who would do anything to win the favor of the people
sycophant
one who would do anything to win the favor of those in power
imperialism/empire
ownding surrounding land/lording it over others
Delian league
association formed in 478 to fight the persians, root of athenian empire
sophists
teacher at athens in late 5th century, emphasizing rhetoric/skillfull argument
sophrosyne
wisdom which recognizes human limitations
parthenon
temple to athena on acropolis
philosophy
a set of ideas relating to a specific field
"Know Thyself"
knowing human limitations
helots
peasant in sparta who was required to furnish food to spartan warrior
lycurgs
legendary spartan lawgiver
laconic
doesn't speak very much
Peloponnesian league
sparta's league vs. Delian league
Persian wars
series of wars between persia and greece
Marathon
site in athens where athenians defeated the persians in 490
hoplite
heavily armored infantry warrior, organized in a phalanx
phidippides
long distance runner at time of marathon
Thermopylae
pass between montains and sea held by leonidas against persian invasion in 480
Cyrus
King who founded persian empire
Xerxes
King of persian empire 485-465
Salamis
island off athens, site of naval battle of persians in 480
Rhetoric
the art of speaking
Four Humors
the thought that there were forces in the body that caused illness