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16 Cards in this Set

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Why did Charlemagne distrust the pope's motives in crowning Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor?
- By crowning him emperor, the pope established the significant precedent that only the pope could confer the imperial crown.
- He was worried about a conflict with the Byzantines. The Byzantine Empress Irene was rumored to have considered a marriage to Charlemagne, and his coronation as emperor, was seen as an insult to Byzantium.
How could Charlemagne create such a powerful empire?
-appointed counts to supervise local administration, duties including administration of justice, raising of armies
-other administrators to supervise courts, collect tolls, administer crown lands, collect taxes
-created a new coinage system based on silver
-sent reps thru countryside to relay instructions & to check on admins
http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/santiago/histchrl.html
Why were the crusades launched?
p235

to 'retake' christian lands that had been invaded by Muslims
Why did feudalism develop after the fall of the Roman empire?
x
Why was the Magna Carta an important step in the political evolution of England in the Middle Ages?
expression of the principle that the King was bound by law
What was Scholasticism?
refers to the attempt made by medieval Christians to reconcile ancient classical philosophy with the Christianty of medieval times.
How did the Mongols affect the development of Russia?
Mongols invaded Russia, set back by cutting Russia off from the rest of Europe
How did Muscovite Russia compare with other European states of the period?
x
What caused the rise of national monarchies in the Middle Ages?
x
Why was Joan of Arc burned at the stake?
p 306
accused of being a witch and tried for heresy
What was the role of the church in the Renaissance?
x
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
-was the most advanced urban society in Europe socially, & in education
-wealth. Writers & artists were more likely to stay put
p344
Why did these reform movements succeed at this moment in time?
x
What was the impact of the Council of Trent on the Catholic church?
x
How did the discovery of other world societies change Europe's view of itself?
x
What specific technologies were required to sail the open seas?
ships with triangle sails
navigation tools-quadrants and astrolabes to calculate latitude
compasses, maps and navigational charts
rutters or routiers, books with detailed sailing instructions and coastal landmarks