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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
capital
money to make money
enclosure acts
took over and fenced off land formerly shared by peasant farmers.
disposable income
spent on luxury goods
eli whitney
invented cotton gin
power loom
for super speedy weaving
luddites
anti-industrialists
coal
used to power machinery
james watt
improved newcomens work. opened age of steam. engine adapted for textile-mill use and for transportation.
canals
narrow strip of water that is used for transportation and shipping
steamboats
sped up shipping and lowered costs
thomas malthus
thought that population will always outstrip food supply
bessemer process
open heart process of making steel
the rocket
successful combination of locomotive and steam engine
samuel f. b. morse
first sender of message by electric telegraph (inventor)
Working-class/proletariat
numerous-factory workers
middle-class/bourgeuisie
fadtory owners, managers, technically trained professionals.
limited liability corporations
stockholder not liable for entire company
stocks
investment in a company
romanticism
beauty of nature, importance of human emotions/intuitions that lead to religion
wordsworth
romantic writer-turn to love of nature
JMW Turner
romantic painter, nature scenes
Gothic
midevial architechture
The Grimm Brothers
Jakob and Wilhelm-specialists in language and grammar-romantic nationalism
Louis Pastuer
France-diseases of some plants/animals are from bacteria
Charles Darwin
evolution
Syllabus of Errors
error to deny divine origin of church, spiritual side of life, or state that the state is the most important institution. or that other chruches have as much truth as catholic.