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26 Cards in this Set

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industrial revolution
1780-1905. a speed up in techological development, factory usage, commercial activity, and the introduction of more sophisticated banking institutions.
ingradients of a successful industry
financing, labor supply, machinery, power to run machines
3 stages: 1st stage
mid 18th- mid 19th century. britain takes lead because they werent involved in the french revolution, raw materials-iron&coal. transportation system, leader in commerce, ecominmic policy & navy.
"putting out industry"
one family spins while another does the weaving
the factory system
cloth made in factories changed the home industry
Kay
1733 flying shuttle. semi automatic, weaves yarn faster
hargreaves
1763 spinning jenny produce more yarn faster
Arkwright
water frame. thread
cartwright
weaving cloth
Whitney
1794. removes seeds from cotton faster. replaced 50 people and also interchangable parts for guns. proced most guns used in war.
Newcomen
invented atmospheric machine that pumped water out of shallow cole mines
Steam ENgine
replaced water power, perfected by Watt in 1760. steam rotary machine doesnt need to be by water
iron coal & steel
in more of a need for these
Darby the elder and younger
stimulate the production of pig iron. the younger perfected the use of coke for iron smelting
Cort
1784. responsible for perfecting way sheet iron
Bessemer
1856. steel stronger the iron. called it the bessemer process which cut cost of steel by 50%
McAdams
putting smalls pebbles or rocks onto roads called Macadamization by 1820 most were Mac.
stephenson
built first steam powered locomotive
delessops
french architecht 1869-opened and first to sail
suez canal
connects mediterranean sea wiith the red sea
panama canal
connects atlantic to pacific. went bankrupt bc yellow fever kills so many workers 40 mill to complete it 6,000 died
railroad
england builds 25,000 miles of railroad
germany- 38,000 france-21,000 italy- 9,000 U.S.- 200,000
Mailservice
starts in britain 1784
sewing machine
1846- singer
telegraph
1844 morse
cable under english channel
from eng to france 1851