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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
import tax on wine
export tax on war
It was an attempt to increase Crown income and ultimately rid it of debt.
Great Contract
Who does Charles I want to marry>
spanish infanta
One of Charle's I evil advisors
George villiers, Duke of Buckingham
King of England and Scot
-“never violated a woman, struck a man or spoke an evil word.”
-Shy, clean, sober, dignified, courteous
-first monarch to be beheaded
Charles I
-High Church Anglican
-Focused on good works
-Emphasized clergy as intermediaries w. God.
William Laud, AB Canterbury
publicly refuses to pay ship taxes.
-Judges are personally chosen by King to make an example of him.
john Hampton
Fines on anyone living within royal forests
Forest Laws
-imposed on those qualified to be knighted (income 40 pounds) regardless of whether or not they are knighted
-Raises 150,000 pounds in 2 years
Charles I personal rule knights fee
new title of nobility up for sale
Was a Critic of Charles I and leader of parliament
John Pym
As long as he can pay his employees he can rule w/o parliament
Charles I personal rule
Also a leader of parliament along with john pym
Oliver Cromwell
-Incites riots and civil war
-Scotland raises an army and chases Charles bishops out of Scotland
English Book of Common Prayer
Causes Episcopal versus Congregational Church government
English book of common prayers
Unwilling to address Charles’ demands until he meets Parliament’s grievances
Charles refuses to help
short parliament
is the name of the English Parliament called by Charles I, in 1640, following the Bishops' Wars.
long parliament
-King must call Parliament into session at least once every three years
-Mechanism is established if the king fails to do so.
-Dissolution of Parliament only by parliament
Triennial Act
london militia
london trained bands
-Scottish army to remain in northern England until Parliament makes a decision about the prayer book
-Scots to receive 850 pounds a day to pay for the army
Treaty of Ripon
consisted of a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians (known as Roundheads) and Royalists (known as Cavaliers)
English Civil War
-supporters of Parliament
-middle class merchants
-generally from south and east
-Puritans and dissenters
-supporters of the king
-High church Anglicans and Catholics
-aristocrats support the king
-north and west of England support king
Charles secures Scottish alliance in what civil war
second civil war
road to civil war
attack on William Strafford
ultimate success of parliament leads to success of oliver crom wells what
new model army
-Colonel Pride chases away 150 moderates
-makes execution of Charles I possible
Pride’s Purge
the deliberate killing of a monarch
first monarch to be beheaded
charles I
the name of the English Parliament immediately following the Long Parliament responsible for the trial of Charles I
Raises taxes to pay for wars
Refuses to accept religious toleration
Draconian legal reforms
140 members
Praise-God Barebones
Favor Civil Marriage
Attack Mandatory tithes
Want to replace English Common law with Law of Moses
Cromwell Disbands parliament
barebones parliament
Lord Protector – Chief Executive
Council of State – 50 members
Unicameral Parliament (House of Commons
Chief Executive
lord protector
Required all goods from British colonies to be carried on ships manned and owned by Englishmen
Goods had to first sail to England, be unloaded and reloaded
Navigation Acts
failed to surrender, so the Irish are all killed.
11 million acres (2/3rd of Irish land) is captured
– if someone is fighting a war and is surrounded and can’t be victorious are required to surrender.
Int’l law
Under which war did the navigations act take place
Dutch War
Cromwells Son
Richard Cromwell
Who is incompetent,No military experience
Inherits huge financial problems
Richard Cromwell