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24 Cards in this Set

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What are Machiavelli's seven rules of statecraft.
-1) Avoid neutrality
-2) Avoid the hatred of the people. It is better to be feared than loved
-take revenge quickly
-kill your enemies, but let their children get the property.
-3) Overall, the end (gaining and marinating power) justifies the means
-4) Do as men do, not as they should do.
-The prince should act in an immoral way in order to preserve the state
-5) Be cunning.
-Remove the popularity of opponents
-Eliminate a rival by doing him in or rewarding him with an office that has little power
-A prince should be both a lion and a fox. A lion to scare away the wolves and a fox to recognize traps.
-6) Undertake great enterprises
-Do great things and link religion to them
-7) Be prepared militarily
-The prince should make war and the preparation for war his only area of study
One of the most famous and influential theorists of absolutism
Jean Bodin
Who wrote Six Books of the Republic
Jean Bodin
power of the king is absolute
Absolutism
Suggests to look at the king as a father is the natural authority in a family, so a king is the natural authority in a kingdom
Absolutism
king has power over his subjects that is virtually unlimited.
-No need for legislature as kings legislate by decree
-People have on right to rebel or resist king.
Absolutism
Who says Kings are God’s representatives on Earth and are bound only by God’s laws
Jacques Bossuet
a European political and religious doctrine of political absolutism.
Divine right of kings
Who estabilished the Divine right of kings.
Jacques Bossuet
Who wrote the book Leviathan
Thomas Hobbes
Who says life in the state of nature is nasty, brutish an short.
Thomas Hobbes
Who establishes teh Social contract
Thomas Hobbes
-people surrender all rights in exchange for protection
-“protector” has unlimited power
-“protector” is above the law
Social Contract
Second Treatise on government
john locke
Who developed an alternative to hobbes theories
John locke
Who separated powers among three branches.l
John locke
Who believes in Inalienable rights—life, liberty, property
john locke
What are the separation of powers and what are their functions.
-Legislative—makes laws
-Executive—enforces/executes laws
-Federative—foreign policy
Who is known as the father of international law.
Hugo Grotius
Who writes a book outlining the behavior of nations.
Hugo Grotius
Who talks about on the law of war and peace.
Hugo Grotius
will force nations to conduct war and peace on the law of
nature and principles of humanity
international law
Who says “just wars” are necessary to maintain rights
Hugo Grotius
What are Hugo Grotius's methods of solving disputes?
-1) conference and negotiation amongst two rivals or contestants.
-2) Compromise, which is a settlement in which each side gives up some demand or makes concessions
-3) Single combat or choosing by lot.