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66 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
aqueducts
bridge like stone structures that brought water from hills into Roman Cities
Veto
Block
Messiah
Savior sent by God
Sect
Small group
Bishop
a church official who was responsible for all Christians in an area called a diocese
Hannibal
dedicated his life to the destruction of Rome. He commanded an army and for 15 years they moved across Italy, winning many battles. At the battle of Zama the Romans defeated him.
Martyrs
people who suffer or die for their beliefs
Pope
Head of the Roman Catholic Church
Heresies
beliefs said to be contrary to official church teachings
mercenaries
foreign soldiers serving for pay
Ides of March
March 15, in 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was killed on this day.
Tiberius
elected tribune in 133 B.C., called on the state to distribute land to poor farmers. He was a patrician and brother to Gaius.
Gaius
elected tribune in 143 B.C., sought a range of wide reforms, including the use of public funds to buy grain to feed the poor. He also called for extension of full citizenship for Rome's allies.
Republic
"thing of the people," would keep any individual from gaining too much power.Form of government where citizens elect people to represent them.
Tiber River
A River flowing southward from north central Italy across the Latium plain and into the Mediterranean Sea.Latins settled among this river.
Etruscans
came from Asia Minor and ruled much of central Italy, including Rome.
450 B.C.
Roman laws were inscribed on 12 tablets and set up in the Forum, or marketplace.
Dictator
a ruler who has complete control over a government.
Consuls
supervised the business of the government and commanded the armies.
Patricians
members of the landholding upper class
Carthage
a city-state on the northern coast of Africa, in present-day Tunisia
Senate
the most powerful governing body in the early Republic. Included 300 patrician members; senators served for life and issued decrees as well as interpreted laws.
509 B.C.
The Romans drove out the Etruscan King
Plebeians
the farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up the bulk of the population; they had very little influence.
Tribune
an official elected by Plebeians, they could veto laws that were harmful to the Plebeians
Legion
the basic unit of the Roman Army that was made up of about 5,000 men
Pax Romana
Period of peace for Roman Empire which lasted about 200 years
Remus
The legendary son of Mars and
Twin brother of Romlus
Romulus
the twin brother of Remus, the legendary founder and first king of Rome
Jesus
a Jew who founded Christianity
New Testament
the 27 books of the Bible that contained the life and teachings of Jesus.
Gospel
accounts written about Jesus by four of his followers
Apostle
the disciples who spread Jesus' message
Trajan
an emperor who reigned from 98A.D to 117A.D; he brought Dacia(Romania), under Roman control.
Latins
Indo-Europeans who settled in the Etruscan area;they later became known as Romans, but they were never Etruscans.
Etruria
West coast of Italy that was highly developed and inhabited by the Etruscans.
empire
when one country or one government rules land outside its natural boundaries
Latin League
controlled by Rome, but made up of all the villages in Central Italy. The people in the Latin League were allowed citizenship.
Constantine
gained the throne in 312A.D. and granted toleration to Christians. By doing this he encouraged the rapid growth of Christianity within the empire. He also built a new capital, Constantinople, which made the eastern portion of the empire the center of power.
Diocletian
an emperor who divided the empire into two parts, in order to make it easier to govern.he kept control of the wealthier eastern part himself but appointed a co-emperor to rule the western provinces. He also tried to increase the prestige of the emperor by surrounding himself with elaborate ceremonies. His reforms include fixed prices for goods and services, farmers had to remain on their land, and sons had to follow their fathers’ occupation.
How many miles of Road did Rome have?
50,000 miles
How many people live in Rome?
50-60 million people
Romance languages
French, Italian, and Spanish
are romance languages because they grew from Latin
Rubicon River
Caesar crossed this river and trigger a civil war
Gaul
Ancient region and Roman province that included most of present day France
Julius Caesar
a commander who in 59 B.C. set out with his army to make new conquests. After 9 years of fighting he succeeded in bringing Gaul under Roman control. His enemies feared he would become king of Rome so the stabbed him to death in the senate, on March 15, 44 B.C.
A.D.
stands for Anno Domini, which means "in the year of our lord"
Pontius Pilate
a Roman governor who gave orders to King Herod, who was king of the Jews
Hadrian
A roman emperor who constructed Hadrian’s wall in Britain,and built many fine buildings, as well as codified Roman law, making it the same for all provinces.
Huns
a nomadic people. The wars sent them migrating across central Asia and by 350 they reached eastern Europe. Thy were skilled riders who fought fierce battles in order to dislodge the Germanic people in their path.
Visigoths
they sought safety by crossing into Roman territory, hoping to settle on Roman land.
Alaric
A visigoth general who in 410 overran Italy and plundered Rome.
St. Paul
A Jew who converted to Christian after having a vision of Jesus, he spread Christianity beyond Jewish
communities to gentiles, or non-Jews
Attila
the hun leader who started out on a savage campaign of conquest across Europe, in 434 A.D. Christians called him "Scourage of God" because they believed his attacks were a punishment for the sins of humankind. He died in 453 A.D.
Odoacer
a Germanic leader who in 476 A.D. ousted the emperor of Rome.
Edict of Milan
it granted freedom of worship to all citizens of the Roman empire. It was issued by emperor Constantine in 313 A.D. and ended the persecution of Christians
Nero
a bad emperor who reigned from 54-68 A.D. He murdered his mother, sister, and lover. He also introduced Christians being put into the Colosseum with lions.
Caligula
another bad emperor who reigned from 37-41 A.D. He murdered his mother and appointed his favorite horse as consul.
What Caused the Fall of Rome?
1) Military had greatly weakened and the constant Germanic invasions

2)Political and Economical problems: Rome lost the support of its people and the number of corrupt officials was increasing

3)Social causes: decline in values such as patriotism, discipline, and devotion to duty.
William
He exerted firm control over his lands; had the Domesday Book compiled
HenryII
He broadened system of royal justice, laying basis for English common law; began jury system
John
He lost war against Phillip II; He battled with Pope Innocent III and was excommunicated; signed Magna Carta
Edward I
He stregthened power of Parliament
Hugh Capet
Increased royal power and built an effective bureaucracy
Philip Augustus
He strenghtened royal government; introduced a new national tax
Louis IX
He expanded royal, outlawed private wars, and ended serfdom in his lands; named a saint.