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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
• How has geography influenced the course of history?
Most civilizations were centered around a river valley for irrigation and ease of travel

societies needed to be organized and have some leadership in order to build and maintain dams and irrigation systems
• What is history?
chronological record of people, places and events
• What role did technological innovation play in the development of early humankind?
Allowed man to accomplish taks more efficiently
• What was important about the shift to the use of systematic agriculture in the Neolithic period?
• The primary changes were the development of managed food production due to the domestication of plants and animals, the beginnings of semi-permanent settlements, and the rapid intensification of local and long distance trade. What followed from these developments were the ability to accumulate and store wealth on a larger scales, specialization, and distinctions based on status and rank. Because of these developments, the population of these settlements increased. Eventually, these permanent settlements became villages with a priestly class that governed the life of the community. Because this class controlled the religious, economic, and military resources, they established themselves as a justified ruling elite.
• Why did cities first form in Mesopotamia?
• The main influence was the need to irrigate land. Irrigation required cooperative labor and organization. As soon as we find farming settlements in Sumer, we also discover a sophisticated system of irrigation. These irrigation systems allowed for the production of a surplus of food, which in turn provided for the needs of a permanent settlement. The centrality of religion in Sumerian culture also meant the elaboration of temple architecture, and around these temples appeared the first cities. These temples reflected the central role played by religion and cities like Uruk owed their rapid growth to their importance as religious centers. Other cities also developed at the same time; between them was a common language.
• What enabled ancient Egypt to exist for so long a period of time as a cultural unit?
isolation , which allowed it resist many of the barbarian invasions which swept over most other civs.
• What was the connection between Socrates, Plato and Aristotle?
Plato was Socrates' greatest student, who continued his teachings. Aristotle was Plato's greatest student.
• What is an ethical philosophy?
addresses questions of morality, good and evil, right and wrong, justice and virtue
• What factors contributed to the eventual destruction of the Roman empire?
inadequate gov't, no rule for succession, primitive technology, civil wars over politics, economic problems due to slave shortages,

not enough manpower for armies due to above and plagues

these internal issues also left Rome vulnerable to attacks by Germans
• What was the role of Saint Paul of Tarsus in shaping the early Christian church?
went on missionary journeys to preach
offered Gentiles salvation and was fluent in Greek so was able to minister to Greeks

all caused a major change in church demographics and was able to expand beyond Jerusalum
• How did Islam continue the traditions of Christianity and Judaism?
Resembled both as it is a monotheistic religion, also with their views on morality and compassion
the Koran is it's holy book believed to be the exact word of God
Accept the Hebrew Bible and New Testament but only accept Jesus as a great prophet and not the son of god
• Was the Islamic world a revised version of the Roman Empire?
• Why was the Roman Empire able to continue to exist in the East?
more able rulers, more efficient gov't that oversaw education, religion, all aspects of economy, military and courts

commerce and trade flourished, as did industry
• What were the distinctive features of Byzantine civilization?