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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
William Harvey
English physician who came up with blood circulation
William Penn
started colony in Pennsylvania; quaker (pacifist)
one who believes things based on reason, scientific method, and logic
Robert Hooke
English scientist who discoveres the cell
Robert Boyle
Irish man who came up with the idea that element cannot be broken down and attacked theory of the four elements
Joseph Priestly
English chemist and clergyman who conducted experiments with air and discovered existence of Oxygen
Antoine and Marie Lavoisier
contributed more to knoweldge of Oxygen and discovered combustion, and carbonation
Thomas Hobbes
English philosopher used idea of natural law to argue that monarchy=best form of government
John Locke
English philosopher used same idea of natural law to argue limited government=best form and that people had natural rights (life, liberty, and property) and people can have obligation to change form of government
Hugo Grotius
Dutch Jurist who called for international code based on natural law; beleieved one body of rules could reduce dealings of governments to a system of reason and order
Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper
secretary of john Locke
Madame de Pompadour
most celebrated of wealthiest influential women who ran many of popular salons and won charm of many philosophes
Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet)
French author and diest wrote Candide, his most celebrated satire, challenged the notion that everything that happens is for the best in "the best of all possible worlds"
Mary Wollstonecraft
favored equal education for both sexes and that both sexes can equally contribute to society
Federick II
ruler of Prussia, most famous enlightened despots and gets honored Federick the "geat"