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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Two views of creation
Genesis - man is good
Atra-Hasis - man is a burden or a necessity
Neolithic Age
dates?
major characteristic?
10,000 - 3,000 BC
domestication of animals and crops
Bronze Age
dates?
major characteristic?
3,000 - 1,500 BC
new technologies and birth of civilization
royal absolutism
pharoh in Egypt
Menes in 3000 BC
huge resources
city-states
Mesopotamia
treaties but still fight
Sargon of Akkad ~2300 BC
Paleolithic Age
dates?
major characteristic?
600,00 - 10,000 BC
emergence of stone and bone technology and cave paintings
Hammurabi's code
1800 BC
birth of law
law should be swift and help the weak
Mesopotamia
social classes in Bronze Age
those who pray, rule, and work
architecture in Bronze Age
largely in cities
pyramids of Zoser
Khufu in 2600 BC
cuneiform
Bronze Age
Mesopotamia
symbolic language found on clay tablets
hieroglyphics
Bronze Age
Schism
Judah -> Jerusalem
597/586 BC
Israel -> Samaria
722 BC becomes 12 lost tribes
Early Greece / Heroic
3000 - 1200/1100 BC
time of heros and beginning of writings
Dark Ages
Greece / Mediterrean
1200/1100 - 900/730 BC
~70% of people die, reorganize priorities
Archaic Age
900/730 - 500 BC
growth of Athens and Sparta
Classical Age
500 - 350 BC
after Persian War
feel way of life is justified
at end Sparta and Athens destroyed
Minoans
Knossos, Crete
Heroic Period
2100 - 1600 BC
traders, peaceful
writing called Linear A
matriarchal
Myceneans
Mycenae
Heroic Period
1600 - 1200/1100 BC
militaristic, war-like, patriarchal
writing called Linear B
reasons for Dark Ages (4)
Trojan War - Homer
Dorian Invasion - Greeks
Natural causes
combination of factors
Sparta
government?
economics?
cultural policy?
diplomatic policy?
absolute / oligarchy
communist
closed
isolationist
Athens
government?
economics?
cultural policy?
diplomatic policy?
democracy
capitalist
open
imperialism
branches of Sparta government
kings
Gerousia - senate
Assembly - common people over 30
emphors - watchdogs
branches of Athenian government
archon
king, general, head archon, and others
areopagus council - courts
Ekelesia - all men over 28
Cyclon
632 BC
Athens
winner of Olympics who overthrew gov. and then was killed
Draco
620 BC
strong body of laws
Solon
594/574 BC
Athens
head archon who made reforms based on responsibility
Peisistratus
546 - 527 BC
constitutional tyrannt
populus who redistributes land, expands culture, introduces coinage, and promotes imperialism.
Cleisthenes
rules from 507 - 501 BC
exiled aristocrat
destroys old tribal ties and creates 10 "districts"
Perikles
lived from 495 - 429 BC
liberal democrat who gave more political freedom to the people.
Thales of Miletus
640 - 540 BC
Asia Minor coast
philosopher, everything from water
Pythagoras
510 - 460 BC
Samos, settles in southern Italy
deductive, numbers control everything
Herakleitus
525 - 500 BC
Ephesus
everything in flux
Parmenides
~ 500 BC
southern Italy
distinction between being and non-being
Sappho
~ 600 BC
Lesbos
lyric poet who wrote about friendship of women, love and some nature
Pindar
518 - 442 BC
lyric poet who wrote about the emotions experienced during battle and sports