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45 Cards in this Set

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What are the three on Field Assessment Goals?
1)Rule out life threatening and serious injuries
2)Determine the nature of the injury as well as severity
3)Decide how to transport the athlete off the field
What's on the on Field primary survery?
(life threatening)
1)Check for consciousness
2)Check for ABC’s
3)Assume spinal injury
4)Check for and control severe bleeding
ABC's
Airway, Breathing, Circulation
On field secondary survery
1)History
2)Observation
3)Shock Assessment
4)Check for fractures, deformities
Shock Assessment
wet, white, weak
Non- emergency assessment
Subjective, objective
subjective
History
Athlete’s Impression
Observation
objective
Tests to establish severity of injury
Bilateral comparison
SINS
Severity of the injury, Irritability, Nature of the injury, Stage
Blood Borne Pathongens
Microorganisms with ability to cause disease, found in blood and body fluids
Transmitted through blood and body fluid
HBV and HIV are most significant
HBV is stronger and can spread more easily in athletic training environment
Wounds, fluids, sharp tools
Evaluation Vs. Diagnosis
Only licensed practitioners are allowed to diagnose
Athletic trainers can only evaluate by having knowledge of anatomy, biomechanics and the dangers of sports
Etiology
cause of disease
Pathology
functional and structional changes that result from injury
Symptom
Change that indicates injury illness or disease
Sign
indicator of disease or illness
diagnosis
specific condition name
Prognosis
Will recovery occur? What will be the outcome?
Syndrome
symptoms that indicate an illness, condition, or disease
HOPS
history, observation, palpation, special tests
SOAP
Subjective, objective, assessment, plan
NSAIDS
Non steroidal anti inflammatory drug
S/S
signs/ symptoms
objective
tests, palpation
subjective
"I'm fine" "I hurt"
Injury
dysfunction, damage to tissue
Acute
short
Chronic
long
Primary
initial
secondary
what happens after, pain, swelling...
Types of closed injuries
1)contusion
2)sprain
3)strain
4)fractures
5)dislocation
6)Nerve Trauma
7)It is
Neuropaxis
reversible deformation or nerve
Axonotmesis
prolonged damage (2 weeks- 1 year)
Neurotmesis
permanant damage
itis
gradual onset, due to repeated microtraumas and degenerative changes
open/ exposed injuries
1)Abrasions
2)Lacerations
3)Incisions
4)Avulsions
5)Punctures
SHARP
Swelling Heat Aching Redness Puss
Cryotherapy
use of cold for a sports related musculoskeletal injury
Cryokinetics
Combines benefits of cryotherapy with exercise themotherapy
Heat increases the elasticity of collagen material
NEVER's
1)apply heat immediately following an injury
2)apply heat to acute inflammation
3)apply heat when there is a loss of sensation
Massage
Can help increase blood flow to soft tissue, provide relaxation about an area or body
Therapuetic Exercise
Restore normal body function
Used in rehab program
Immobilization
Muscular changes can occur in 24 hours
Atrophy occurs in muscle
Causes lack of lubrication which can lead to degeneration
Ligaments and bones become weaker
components of a Rebah program
1)Limit Swelling
2)Control Pain
3)Restore ROM
4)Restore muscle strength
5)Reintroduce neuromuscular control
6)Balance
7)Maintain fitness level
8)Functional progressions
REHAB PLACE
Acute Phase- RICE
Repair Phase- restore full ROM
Remodeling Phase- regain sport specific skills
RTP (return to play)
Return to play
Full ROM of sufficient to perform activity
Muscular strength back
Can athlete use injured body part again?
Pain levels are tolerant
Fitness level back to competition level
Athletes must pass functional testing
Psychologically ready?
Athlete understands importance of Injury prevention program