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98 Cards in this Set

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acne
an inflamed papular and/or pustular eruption
acrocyanosis
a condition in which the hands and feet are cyanotic (blue-colored)
acrocyanotic
because of the cold or decreased circulation; common in newborns
alopecia
baldness; hair loss
angioma
a tumor caused by increased filling fo the blood vessels
cafe' au lait spot
a type of lesion on the skin that is tannish, resembling coffee with cream
chloasma
brownish, irregular-shaped patches
condyloma
condylomata
a contagious wart that appears on the external genitalia; genital warts
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
ecchymosis
black and blue mark caused by leakage of blood from the vessel
eczema
a type of atopic dermatitis characterized by a rash that first is vesicular, then changes to an erythematous, papular, swollen rash; finally it becomes a scaling, crusted lichenification
erythema toxicum
a red rash commonly seen on the newborn at about 3 to 4 days of life; there is no known cause and it disappears without treatment
eschar
a thick crust that forms on the skin after a burn
hematoma
an area of blood that has extravasated from the vessel and is confined in a space
hidrosis
excessive sweating
hirsutism
excessive hair growth
impetigo
contagious rash caused by Staphylococcus aureus (group A) streptococci that consists of vesicles that rupture and then form a crust
linea nigra
the vertical line that appears on the abdomen of a pregnant women
milia
tiny white papules present on teh face of the newborn; whiteheads
nevus flammeus
a congenital nevus, bright red in color, that is found on the head
onycholysis
a loosening of the fingernail
papule
a small, round elevation on the skin
paronychia
a red, inflamed area around the nail, usually from an infection of the nail
petechia
small, round hemorrhagic spot
psoriasis
condition characterized by round, reddish lesions with silvery scales
seborrhea
overactivity of the sebaceous glands; lesions usually appear on the scalp
stria
a stripe on the skin different in color from the area on which it appears
xerosis
dry skin
arthritis
inflammation of a joint; usually a chronic condition
bunion
inflammatory condition of the bursa of the first metatarsophalangeal joint
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
dislocation
displacement of a body part
fontanel
membranous area between the cranial bones of the infant
fracture
a break
genu valgum
knock-knee
genu varum
bowleg
greenstick fracture
incomplete fracture of a bone; bending of the bone
kyphosis
spinal deformity characterized by an extreme flexion; humpback
lordosis
anteroposterior curvature of the lumbar spine
osteoarthritis
arthritis characterized by destruction of the articular cartilage
pes planus
flatfoot
polydactyly
extra fingers or toes
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
sprain
injury to a ligament
talipes equinovarus
clubfoot; the foot is plantar flexed, inverted and adducted
anemia
condition of decreased hemoglobin level
anomaly
condition or appearance that is different from normal
embolus
emboli
clot that has broken loose within the body
epistaxis
nosebleed
hemolysis
destruction of the RBC
hemorrhage
uncontrolled bleeding
hepatomegaly
enlarged liver
morphology
study of shape
pallor
pale appearance
splenomegaly
enlarged spleen
thrombosis
clot formation in the blood vessels
anaphylaxis
severe reaction caused by increased sensitivity to a substance; hypersensitivity reaction
diabetes
metabolic disease caused by decreased production of insulin
immunodeficiency
state in which an individual has decreased immune function
rheumatoid arthritis
immunologic disorder causing pain and inflammation of the joints
amblyopia
poor vision in one eye
astigmatism
condition of unequal curvatures
diplopia
double vision
hyperopia
farsightedness
keratitis
infection of the cornea
myopia
nearsightedness
presbyopia
farsightedness due to aging
retinoblastoma
cancer of the retina
retinopathy
disease of the retina
strabismus
weakness of the eye muscles; crossed eyes
anotia
absent ears
labyrinthitis
inflammation of the inner ear
macrotia
large ears
Meniere's disease
condition characterized by vertigo
microtia
small ears
myringitis
inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otalgia
earache
otitis externa
inflammation of the middle ear (swimmer's ear)
otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear
otosclerosis
hardening of the bone surrounding the oval window
polyotia
more than one ear on one side of the face
presbycusis
inability to discriminate sounds due to aging
tinnitus
ringing in the ears
tympanosclerosis
hardening of the tympanic membrane
vertigo
sensation of spinning, dizziness
asthma
disorder in which airways are temporarily narrowed
atelectasis
absence of gases from the lungs because of the inability of the alveoli to expand
bronchiolitis
inflammation of the bronchioles
croup
laryngotracheobronchitis caused by a parainfluenza virus in infants and young children
cystic fibrosis
hereditary disorder affecting lungs, pancreas and digestive system
emphysema
chronic condition of increased air in the alveoli that cannot be exhaled
epiglottitis
an acute illness caused by teh Haemophilus influenzae bype b organism
pleural effusion
condition in which fluid from teh body accumulates in teh pleural cavity
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
pneumonia
inflammation of the lung tissue
pneumothorax
condition in which air is present in the pleural cavity
sinusitis
inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
tuberculosis
disease caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis