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26 Cards in this Set

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what are the 3 aspects of Marx's work, that could be characterized as a critique, a vision and a prediction?
Social critique- capitalism
vision- eutopian, cooperation is more than competition, everyone equal, human potential realized.
prediction- worldwide communist revolution
What are the 2 historical developments that Marx failed to predict?
1.didn't think his prediction would appear in agrarain places, but industrial places. (workers exploited in the agrarian places by the communist party)
2. within industrialized places, planned on only 2 classes.
HOw did Karl Marx view society
Battlefield
to marx, what was before capitalism
A feudal society
to Marx, what happened during modernization
the bourg. took over nobility, who then exploited the proletariat in pursuit of profit.
to marx,what was the result of modernization?
class conflict, increase of class conscience, revolution
to Marx, was modernization good?
Yes and no
Weber's view of society
A network of social relations
to weber, what came before captialism
society based on tradition
to weber, what happened during modernization
pursuit of profit changed the relations b/t people
to weber, what was the result of modernization
rationalization of society, disenchantment from tradition and the beliefs of the past
to weber, was modernization good?
mostly no
what were webers 2 challenges to marxist thought
1. introduced the idea of status
2. couldn't explain everything (capitalsim, culture change, and industrialization) through class conflict
what was durkheim's view of society
functional system
durkheim thought b/f capitalism was
mechanical solidarity
to durkheim, during modernization
industrialization and division of labor
to durkheim, the result of modernization was
greater efficency, and organic solidarity
to durkheim,was modernization good?
mostly yes, but anomie is a problem
economic logic of feudalism
legal arrangement. unlanded bound to the land and gave owners a portion of their labor to live on the land and be protected
how do class conflict and class conscience lead to socialism
class conflict leads to oppresion, in which the people realize they are being exploited, which leads to class consciousness, in which the workers unite and overthrow, which leads to socialism
what is a political revolution
an opposition movement which overthrows the political institutions and institutes its own institutions (inevitable b/c of class conflict)
what are the 3 ways that marx believed that the working class experienced alienation
1.alienation from the process of production (doesn't fulfill human need)
2.alienation from the product(can't afford)
3. alienation from themselves(dehumanizing)
what does it mean that weber saw modernity in an idealist rather than materialist way?
saw it as a change in ideas and culture, not just material things
what are the 3 aspects of rationalization that weber believed came about because of the process of modernization
1.capitalsim- devotion to profit
2.beuracracy-devotion to duty
3.science-devotion to knowledge
what is the difference between mechanical and organic solidarity, and what caused the shift from one to the other
b/f capitalism: mechanical= everyone had a place in society(miller's son to be a miller)
after capitalism: organic solidarity= new relationships , more acceptable(millers son can be what he wants)
what did durkheim mean by division of labor?
specialization of tasks, increasing functionality