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84 Cards in this Set

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NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
used to treat superficial infections of the cornea, conjunctiva, eyelids, and tear ducts (dispensed as ointments or solutions):
antibiotics
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs not classified as antibiotics, but do inhibit the growth of bacteria and are used to treat infections in the eye:
sulfonamides
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs used topically in the eye to treat the inflammation that results from trauma, surgery, contact with chemicals, or allergies:
corticosteroids
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that act by inhibiting viral DNA reproduction, the topical form of which are effective against HSV and the systemic form is effective agaist CMV:
antiviral drugs

CMV=cytomegalovirus
HSV=herpes simplex virus
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs used topically to treat inflammation that results from surgery or allergic reactions:
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that relieve symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis caused by histamine released by the antibody-antigen complex that forms during allergic reactions:
antihistamines

block H1 (histamine) receptors in the eye
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that act to stabilize the cell membranes of mast cells and prevent them from releasing histamine, preventing redness and vasodilation in the eye:
mast cell inhibitors
FOR REVIEW:
a connective tissue cell whose specific physiologic function remains unknown; capable of elaborating basophilic, metachromatic cytoplasmic granules that contain histamine, heparin, and, in certain species serotonin:
mast cells
NAME THE TERM FOR:
pertaining to, characterized by, or producing miosis;
an agent that causes the pupil to contract.
miotic
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that cause pupillary constriction by stimulating the iris muscle around the pupil to contract:
direct-acting miotics
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that inhibit an enzyme that normally destroys acetylcholine (which, an excess of acetylcholine causes miosis):
cholinesterase inhibitors
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that inhibit the production of aqueous humor by blocking the enzyme which is active in the production of aqueous humor:
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs administered topically as eyedrops that block the production of aqueous humor to decrease intraocular pressure & have no effect on pupil size and therefore do not cause the blurred vision or night blindness associated with other miotics that constrict and fix the pupil:
beta-blockers
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that activate both alpha and beta receptors in the eye and therefore increases the flow of aqueous humor present while decreasing the overall production of aqueous humor
alpha/beta receptor agonists
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs that mimic the action of naturally occurring prostaglandin F by combining with its receptors to increase the flow of aqueous humor:
prostaglandin F agonists
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs used to dilate the pupil and paralyze the muscles of accommodation of the iris by blocking the action of acetylcholine, which normally tends to constrict the pupil
mydriatic drugs
paralysis of the ciliary muscle; paralysis of accommodation:
cycloplegia
NAME THE TYPE OF DRUG:
drugs used to prepare the eye for internal examination and to treat inflammatory conditions of the iris and uveal tract:
mydriatics
a winglike structure, applied especially to an abnormal triangular fold of membrane, in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base:
pterygium
NOTE SPELLING OF TERM:
meaning the examination of the interior of the eye with the ophthalmoscope:
funduscopy
(fundUscopy, not -oscopy)
the drawing away of a tissue or part from its normal position:
recession

(not to be confused with resection--removal of a structure; ectomy, excision)
the drawing away of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye:
angle recession
glaucoma secondary to contusion injury of the eye, in which the anterior chamber is deep and the angle recedes, with exposure of the ciliary body, as seen gonioscopically, with blocking of the trabecular spaces:
angle-recession glaucoma
the ending -olol is common for which type of drugs?
beta-blockers
the making of a continuous circular tear in the anterior part of the capsule of the lens during cataract surgery in order to allow expression or phacoemulsification of the nucleus of the lens.
capsulorrhexis

(or commonly spelled today, capsulorhexis)
-rrhexis
splitting, rupturing, breaking
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
chloramphenicol
antibiotic;
Chloromycetin;
Chloroptic
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
ciprofloxacin
antibiotic;
Ciloxan
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
bacitracin
antibiotic;
(no brand name)
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
erythromycin
antibiotic;
Ilotycin
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
gentamicin
antibiotic;
Garamycin;
Genoptic;
Gentacidin;
Gentak
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
lovofloxacin
antibiotic;
Quixin
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
norfloxacin
antibiotic;
Chibroxin
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
ofloxacin
antibiotic;
Ocuflox
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
tobramycin
antibiotic;
Tobrex;
Defy
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
natamycin
antifungal;
Natacyn
(drops)
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
trufluridine
antiviral (for herpes simplex virus HSV);
Viroptic
(drops)
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
vidarabine
antiviral (for herpes simplex virus HSV);
Vira-A
(drops)
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
fomivirsen
antiviral (for cytomegalovirus, CMV);
Vitravene
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
ganciclovir
antiviral (for cytomegalovirus, CMV);
Vitrasert
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
cidofovir
antiviral (for cytomegalovirus);
Vistide
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
valganciclovir
antiviral (for cytomegalovirus);
Valcyte
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
foscarnet
antiviral (for cytomegalovirus);
Foscavir
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
dexamethasone
corticosteroid;
Decadron;
Maxidex
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
flurormetholone
corticosteroid;
Flarex;
Fluor-Op;
FML;
FML Forte
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
loteprednol
corticosteroid;
Alrex;
Lotemax
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
prednisolone
corticosteroid;
Econopred;
Inflamase Forte;
Pred Forte;
Pred Mild
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
rimexolone
corticosteroid;
Vexol
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
diclofenac
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID);
Voltaren
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
ketorolac
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID);
Acular
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
emedastine
antihistamine;
Emadine
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
levocabastine
antihistamine;
Livostin
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
azelastine
antihistamine;
Optivar
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
olopatadine
antihistamine;
Patanol
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
cromolyn
mast cell stabilizers;
Crolom;
Opticrom
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
lodoxamide
mast cell stabilizers;
Alomide
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
carbachol
direct-acting miotic drug for glaucoma;
Carboptic;
Isopto Carbachol
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
phenylephrine
direct-acting miotic drug for glaucoma;
Mydfrin;
Neo-Synephrine
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
pilocarpine
direct-acting miotic drug for glaucoma;
Akarpine,
Isopto Carpine;
Pilocar;
Pilopine HS
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
demecarium
cholinesterase inhibitor for glaucoma;
Humorsol
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
echothiophate iodide
cholinesterase inhibitor

Phospholine Iodide
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
acetazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Diamox,
Diamox Sequels
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
brinzolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Azopt
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
dichlorphenamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Daranide
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
dorzolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Trusopt
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
methazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Neptazane
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
betaxolol
beta-blocker
Betoptic,
Betoptic S
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
carteolol
beta-blocker
Ocupress
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
dapiprazole
beta-blocker
Rev-Eyes
GIVE THE DRUG CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME FOR:
levobunolol
beta-blocker
Betagan Liquifilm
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
metipranolol
beta-blocker
OptiPranolol
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
timolol
beta-blocker
Timoptic
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
apraclonidine
alpha/beta receptor agonists
Iopidine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
brimonidine
alpha/beta receptor agonists

Alphagan,
Alphagan P
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
diivefrin
alpha/beta receptor agonists

Propine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
epinephrine
alpha/beta receptor agonists

Epifrin,
Glaucon
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
epinephryl
alpha/beta receptor agonists
Epinal
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
atropine
mydiatic drug
Atropine Care,
Atropisol,
Isopto Atropine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
cyclopentolate
mydriatic drug
Cyclogyl,
Pentolair
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
homatropine
mydriatic
Isopto Homatropine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
hydroxyamphetamine
mydriatic drugParedrine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
phenylephrine
mydriatic drug
Neo-Synephrine,
Mydfrin
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
scopolamine
mydriatic drug
Isopto Hyoscine
GIVE THE CLASSIFICATION & BRAND NAME:
tropicamide
mydriatic drug
Mydriacyl