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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what do demographers study
populations and population growths and distribution of human population
what is measured to det. rates of fertility and mortality
fertility- rate of child bearing in a pop.

mortality-rate of incidence of death in a pop.
what is measure to det. infant mortality, maternal mortality, and life expectancy
infant mortality- measure of death for children under the age of 1 for every 1000 live births.

maternal mortality- measure of women dying while giving birth for every 100,000.

life expectancy- life span.hig infant mortality means lower life expectancy.
what is meant by doubling time in the study of population growth
time it takes for the entire population to double
what was robert mathus's theory of population growth
worlds pop. continue uncontrollably to lead to widespread war and starvation
arguments for neo mathusians and anti malthusians
neo malthusians- still possible today, esp. considering the enviroment.pessimistic about the future

anti malthusians-optimistic, based on human innovation. predictions didn't happen b/c 1. artificial birth control 2.technological innovations in agriculture.
what was marx's objection to Malthus
malthus ignored social inequality. cant blame pop. for starvation , but instead poverty and social inequality.
what is demographic transition theory and who supports it
theory- pop. patterns reflect societies level of technological developments.
supporters- anti malthusians
what is the pattern of birth and death rates in preindustrial agrarian societies, early industrializing societies, mature industrial economies, and postindustrial economies
preindustrial agrarian- high birth and death rate
early industrializing-high birth rate, low death rate
mature industrial-low birth and low death rates
post industrial- birth rate continues to fall, population decreases
what do feminist demographers point out as a strong correlation with pop. growth
pop. growth linked to women social status...lower social status, more likely she has no control over her child bearing...increase in education leads to a lower birth rate
what is the difference b/t globalization and neoliberal globalization
globalization- process by which formerly seperate economies, states and cultures are being tied together and ppl becoming aware of the interdependence

neoliberal globalization- policy that promotes private control of industry, minimal control of government and regulation, removal of taxes and tariffs, encouragemt of foreign investment.
what is global commodity chain
worldwide network of labor and production processes whose end results in a comodity.
what characterizes a transnational cooperation
a large business that rely increasingly on foreign labor and foreing production,
differece b/t colonalism and imperialism
colonialism- control of developing societies by more developed societies.

imperialsim- economic domination of 1 nation by another.
what distinguishes high income, middle income and low income countries.
high income-first to be industrialized
middle income-various industry
low income - agrarian much less industry
which type of countries engage most in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors activities.
primary-low income

secondary and tertiary- high and middle class
not finished
see rest of paper for questions