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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following radiation situations is potentially the most harmful?
A.
A large dose to a specific area all at once
B.
A small dose to the whole body over a period of time
C.
A large dose to the whole body all at one time
D.
A small dose to a specific area over a period of time
A large dose to the whole body all at one time
The AP axial projection of the chest for pulmonary apices
1. requires 15° to 20° cephalad angulation.
2. projects the apices above the clavicles.
3. should demonstrate the medial ends of the clavicles equidistant from the vertebral column.
1 and 3 only
Which of the following should be used to evaluate glenohumeral joint dislocation?
1. Inferosuperior axial
2. Transthoracic lateral
3. Scapular Y projection
2 and 3 only
Which of the following equipment is necessary for ERCP?
1. A fluoroscopic unit with imaging device and tilt table capabilities
2. A fiberoptic endoscope
3. Polyethylene catheters
1, 2, and 3
Which of the following equipment is necessary for ERCP?
1. A fluoroscopic unit with imaging device and tilt table capabilities
2. A fiberoptic endoscope
3. Polyethylene catheters
1, 2, and 3
Routine excretory urography usually includes a postmicturition radiograph of the bladder. This is done to demonstrate
1. tumor masses.
2. residual urine.
3. prostatic enlargement.
1, 2, and 3
Which of the following is (are) associated with a Colles' fracture?
1. Transverse fracture of the radial head
2. Chip fracture of the ulnar styloid
3. Posterior or backward displacement
2 and 3 only
In which projection of the foot are the sinus tarsi, cuboid, and tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal best demonstrated?
A.
Lateral oblique foot
B.
Medial oblique foot
C.
Lateral foot
D.
Weight-bearing foot
B.
Medial oblique foot
To best demonstrate most of the tarsals and intertarsal spaces (including the cuboid, sinus tarsi, and tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal), a medial oblique is required (plantar surface and IR form a 30° angle). The lateral oblique demonstrates the interspaces between the first and second metatarsals and between the first and second cuneiforms. Weight-bearing lateral feet are used to demonstrate the longitudinal arches
When modifying the PA axial projection of the skull to demonstrate superior orbital fissures, the central ray is directed
A.
20° to 25° caudad.
B.
20° to 25° cephalad.
C.
30° to 35° caudad.
D.
30° to 35° cephalad.
20° to 25° caudad.
What is the position of the gallbladder in an asthenic patient?
A.
Superior and medial
B.
Superior and lateral
C.
Inferior and medial
D.
Inferior and lateral
Inferior and medial
Which of the following is (are) located on the distal aspect of the humerus?
1. Capitulum
2. Intertubercular groove
3. Coronoid fossa
1 and 3 only
Inspiration and expiration projections of the chest may be performed to demonstrate
1. pneumothorax.
2. foreign body.
3. atelectasis.
1, 2, and 3
To obtain an exact axial projection of the clavicle, place the patient
A.
supine and angle the central ray 30° caudally.
B.
prone and angle the central ray 30° cephalad.
C.
supine and angle the central ray 15° cephalad.
D.
in a lordotic position and direct the central ray at right angles to the coronal plane of the clavicle.
in a lordotic position and direct the central ray at right angles to the coronal plane of the clavicle.
Which of the following examinations require(s) special identification markers in addition to the usual patient name and number, date, and side marker?
1. IVU
2. Tomography
3. Abdominal survey
1, 2, and 3
Which of the following tube angle and direction combinations is correct for an axial projection of the clavicle, with the patient in the PA position?
A.
5° to 15° caudad
B.
5° to 15° cephalad
C.
15° to 30° cephalad
D.
15° to 30° caudad
15° to 30° caudad
In which of the following positions can the sesamoid bones of the foot be demonstrated free of superimposition with the metatarsals or phalanges?
A.
dorsoplantar metatarsals/toes
B.
tangential metatarsals/toes
C.
30° medial oblique foot
D.
30° lateral oblique foot
tangential metatarsals/toes
If 600 rad or more is received as a whole-body dose in a short period of time, certain symptoms will occur; these are referred to as
A.
short-term effects.
B.
long-term effects.
C.
lethal dose.
D.
acute radiation syndrome.
acute radiation syndrome.
How does the use of rare earth intensifying screens contribute to lowering the patient dose?
1. It permits the use of lower mAs.
2. It permits the use of lower kVp.
3. It eliminates the need for patient shielding.
1 and 2 only
A thermoluminescent dosimetry system would use which of the following crystals?
A.
Silver bromide
B.
Sodium sulfite
C.
Lithium fluoride
D.
Aluminum oxide
Lithium fluoride
To obtain an AP projection of the right ilium, the patient's
A.
left side is elevated 40°.
B.
right side is elevated 40°.
C.
left side is elevated 15°.
D.
right side is elevated 15°.
left side is elevated 40°.
Which of the following will improve the spatial resolution of image-intensified images?
1. A very thin coating of cesium iodide on the input phosphor
2. A smaller-diameter input screen
3. Increased total brightness gain
1 and 2 only