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28 Cards in this Set

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El Nino
a warm water event that occurs every 2 to 7 years that can cause dramatic climate changes
anticyclone
A high-pressure center of dry air.
cold front
rapidly moving cold air mass runs into a slowly moving warm air mass, the denser cold air slides under the warm air
continental polar
large cold, dry air masses
continental tropical
hot, dry air masses formed only in the summer
cumulonimbus clouds
Fast rising clouds that ususally signal severe thunderstorms.
cyclone
a swirling center of low pressure.
flood
The rising of a body of water and its overflowing onto normally dry land.
flood saftey
move to higher ground
front
an area where the air masses meet and do not mix
hurricane
A severe tropical storm with heavy rains and winds exceeding 75 miles per hour.
hurricane saftey
evacuate the area immediately
isobars
lines drawn on a weather map, joining places of equal pressure
isotherms
lines joining places that have the same temperature
lake-effect snow
snow caused by cold, dry air masses moving over a lake and picking up moisture
maritime polar
cold , humid air masses formed over the oceans
maritime tropical
warm humid air formed over the oceans
meteorologist
A specialist who studies processes in the earth's atmosphere that cause weather conditions.
occulded front
a warm air mass caught between two cooler air masses.
polar
Extremely cold.
satellites
Man-made equipment that orbits around the earth or the moon.
snowstorm saftey
find shelter from the wind and stay dry
stationary front
front forms when a warm mass meets a cold air mass and niether move
tornado
A violent wind that moves very fast in a circular motion. This can cause great damage to trees, buildings, and anything in its way!
tornado saftey
move to the basement if possible or if outside go to a ditch
tropical
warm, air masses formed near the equator
warm front
a moving warm air mass collides with a slowly moving cold air mass. Because the cold air is denser the warm air moves over the cold.
weather ballons
devise that carries weather instruments into the troposphere and stratosphere to measure temperature, air pressure, and humidity