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32 Cards in this Set

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What FM Covers Rifle Marksmanship?
FM 3-22.9
Describe the M16 and M4 Weapons
They are 5.56mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air cooled, shoulder fired weapons capable of firing in a variety of modes, depending on model
What are the primary differences between the M16A1/A2/A3/A4--M4/A1/Carbine
M16A1- SEMI & AUTO
M16A2- SEMI & 3 RND BRST
M16A3- A2+SEMI & AUTO
M16A4- HAS M5 RAIL ADAPTOR/DETACHABLE CARRYING HANDLE
M4- SHORTER THAN M16, 4 POSITION BUTTSTOCK, SEMI & AUTO
M4A1- M4+FULL AUTO
M4 CARB- W/RAIL ADAPTOR
What is the firing weight of the M16/M4?
M16A1- 7.06 M16A2/3- 8.79
M16A4-10.09 M4-7.50
What is the length of the M16/M4?
M16A1- 39.00 M16A2- 39.5/8
M16A4- 39.5/8 M4-33.00
What is meant by sustained rate of fire?
The rate of fire a weapon can sustain without overheating
What types of ammunition are used with the M16/M4?
Ball, Tracer, Blank, Dummy, and SRTA
Define Maximum range, maximum effective range, maximum effective rate of fire
Max range- the longest distance bullet will travel
Max Effect range- greatest distance a soldier may be expected to hit target
Max ROF- The highest rate of fire that can be maintained and still achieve target hits
What is the Max range & max effective range of the M16/M4?
M16A1-2653
M16A2/A3/A4/M4-3600
M16A2/3 POINT-550 AREA-800
M16A4 PNT- 550 AREA-600
M4- PNT-500 AREA-600
When firing M200 blank ammo what device must be used to ensure proper functioning of the weapon?
M15A2 blank firing attachment
for M16-series. M23 for the M4
Blank ammo should not be fired toward personnel within _____ feet
20
What is a stock weld?
A cheek to stock weld provides a natural line of sight throught the site apertures to the target
What are the eight steps in the functioning cycle of the M16/M4 weapons?
Feeding, chambering, locking, firing, unlocking. extracting, ejecting, and cocking
What is a stoppage?
A failure of a weapon to complete the cycle
What is immediate action?
Quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage
What is the acronym associated with immediate action?
SPORTS-Slap up on the Mag
Pull charging handle to the rear, observe chamber, release charging handle, tap forward assist, squeeze trigger
How many time should you apply sports?
Once, further stoppage needs to be inspected
What is meant by remedial action?
The continuing effort to fix a stoppage
What is a malfunction? What are the categories of a malfunction?
A procedural or mechanical failure. Failure to feed, chamber or lock, failure to extract of eject, failure to fire
What are the 4 fundamentals of rifle marksmanship?
Steady position
Aiming
Breath control
Trigger squeeze
What are the two basic firing positions?
prone unsupported
foxhole supported
What is the larger apperture marked 0-2 used for?
Firing at moving objects, limited visibility
Describe the procedure for mechanical zero?
Front sight post is flush/Elevation knob is 8/3/ apertures unmarked is up/ windage knob adjusted so rear aperture is aligned with center index mark
How do you battlesight zero at a 25 meter range?
same as mechanical zero but elevation knob is a 8/3 +1
What is meant by natural point of aim?
when the soldier is relaxed in a steady position it is the natural body-rifle-target alignment with the target
What are the standards for zeroing with an M16/M4?
With 18 rounds or less, fire five out of six rounds in two consecutive shot groups within 4-cm circle.
What are the qualification standards for a record fire range (pop up)?
Expert- 36-40
Sharpshooter- 30-35
Markman- 23-29
DNQ- 22-below
What are the qualification standards for a Known Distance Alternate Course?
Expert- 38-40
SS- 33-37
Marksman- 26-32
DNQ- 25-below
Proper maintanence of the M16/M4 weapons consist of what 5 steps?
Clear, disassemble, inspect, clean and lubricate, assemble
What does CLP stand for?
Cleaner, lubricant, Preservative
What are the steps in performing a function check on an M16/M4?
1.Selector on safe, pull trigger, hammer should not fall 2.Selector on semi, pull trigger and hold, charging handle to rear and release, pull trigger, hammer should fall 3.Selector on burst, charging handle to rear and release, pull trigger and hold, charging handle to rear 3 times, release trigger and repull, hammer fall
The first consideration when handling any weapon is?
CLEAR IT GENIUS