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106 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what were 2 major western advantages? (ex)
technology and unification/nation-state
(divide and conquer)
Who was Alfred Thayer Mahan and what book?
American admeiral, The influence of Sea Power upon History
What was the Great Mutniy or Sepoy Rebellion?
British control of India, The Brithis India Company had run things
Who was responsible for Indian Nationalism?
Mohatma Gandhi
What year did the India get their indepenedence?
1947
What is the largest democracy in the world?
India
What were the opium wars?
britain vs. china, when brits brought opium and sold it along coast of china...easy brit victory
what ends the opium wars? terms?
treaty of nanking; brits get extra territoriality (humiliation)
who is the Open Door Policy advicated by?
US
what is the Boxer Rebillion?
regular attacks on forigners and christiaons by the secret nationalist society which was supported by the cinese gov.
Who was the major revolutionary leader during the chinese revilution of 1911?
Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Japan

what is the Tokugawa?
a famiy of shoguns apponitd by the emporere of japan; ran the gov. of japan
who were the samurai?
hereditary military/warrior class in feudal japan
who completed two naval expeditions to Japan to establish deplomatic and trade relations with Japan from us?
Matthew C. Perry
what is the name of the time when the tokugawa is overthrown and the emporere gets more power?
Meiji Restoration
who is the worlds first non-western power?
Japan
yrs of Russo-Japanese war?
1904-1905
what treaty ends the Russo-Japanese war?
Treaty of portsmith
who was the explorer, missionary, physician of Africa?
David Livingstone
what conference is held to lay down rules of eruopean exploaration to avoid wars with\of africa?
Conference of Berlin
what contrys were invoved with the colonization of africa?
GB, france, germany, italy, belgium
what was the name of the capital of Liberia and who was it named after>
monrovia, Pres. James Monroe
what was the Great Trek?
the Boers/Afrikaners move to the north/Transvaal and Orange Free State to escape the British
who was in the Boers Wars and what was it over?
Brit and Dutch, diamonds and gold (transvaal)
who was elected Pres. of S.Africa in the first all race election?
Nelson Mandela
the dates of WWI
1914-1918
where does ww1 start?
the balkans, powder keg of europe
what is the bismarckian system?
a system of military alliances that Bismarck had successfully formed to isolate Frace after the Fraco-prussian war
who was the triple alliance>
Germany, A-H , Italy
who were the Triple Entente
franco, russia and england
what event sparked ww1?
the sustrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife are assiassinated while visiting Austrian controlled Sarajevo, Bosnia
what was the chain reaction?
a series of blunders and declarations of war based on the promises of the secret alliances
WHY DOES GB DECLARE WAR?
THEY HAD HOPED TO STAY OUT OF THE WAR BUY DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY BC THEY VIOLATED THE NEUTRALIITY OF BELGIUM
WHO BECOMES THE ALLIED POWERS
THE TRIPLE ENTANTE
WHO BECOMES THE CENTRAL POWERS?
THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE
WHAT IS THE GERMAN SHLIEFFEN PLAN?
GERMANS PLAND TO QUICKLY CONQUER FRANCE BY PUSHING THROUGH BELGIUM TO PARIS AND THEN TURNING TO DEFEAT RUSSIA
WHAT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT FRONT IN THE WAR?
WESTERN FRONT
WHAT BATTLE STOPPED GERMANY FROM GETTING PARIS?
FIRST BATTLE OF MARNE
WHAT BATTLE DOES GERMANY DEFEAT RUSSIA IN THE FIRST OF WWI?
BATTLE OF TANNENBERG
WHAT MADE THE AMERICANS MAD AT THE GERMANS?
THE SINKING OF THE LUSITAINA BC AMERICANS WERE ON IT AND DIED
WHAT DID CHURCHILL GET FIRED FOR BC HE SUPPORTED, CAMPAIGN? WHY
GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGNE, SOLDIERS GOT KILLED
WHAT BRITISH AGEN FORUGHT TO HELP THE ARABS?
T E LAWRENCE, LAWRENCE OF ARABIA
WHAT WAS THE ONLY MAJOR SURFACE NAVAL BATTLE OF THE WAR> WHO
BATTLE OF JUTLAND, GB AND GERMANY
WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE EASTERN REBELLION
THE IRISH SEEKING INDEPENDENCE FROM ENGLAND
RUSSIA

WHAT WAS THE SOCIAL REVOLUTIOANRY PARTY
NON MARXIST SOCIALIST- GOAL SOCIALIZAION OF AGRICULTURE, APPEALED TO PEASENTS
WHAT WAS THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY?
THIS PARTY APPEALED TO THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS/PROLETARIAT
WHAT WAS THE BOLSHEVIK FACTION?
LED BY VI LENIN,
WHAT WAS THE BLOODY SUNDAY?
ST PETERSBURG, THE GOAL OF THE DEMONSTRATION OS TO PRESENT A PETITION TO THE CZAR AT THE WINTER PALACE, PEACEFUL....THEY ARE KILLED AND HURT
WHAT ALMOST OVERTHREW THE CZAR?
REVOLUION OF 1905
WHAT IS THE OCTOBER MANIFESTO?
CZAR NICH. II PROMISED A CONSTITUTION AND DUMA FOR RUSSIA AND THE EXTENTION OF THE VOTE
WHAT YEAR DID THE TOW REVOLUTIONS IN RUSSIA OCCUR?
1917
WHAT EFFECT DID THE MARCH(FEBRUARY)REV. HAVE?
OVERTHREW CZAR BUT DID NOT BRING COMMUNIST INTO POWER
WHAT TREATY TOOK RUSSIA OUT OF WWI ?
TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK
WHO FOUGHT IN THE RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR?
RED ARMY VS. WHITE (ANTI-BOLSHEVIK) ARMY
WHO WAS LININ'S ARMY
RED
WHAT WAS LININS POLICY OF NATIONALIZING INDUSTRAIL AND OTHER FACILITIES AND REQUISTITIONING THE PEASENTS; PRODUCE DURING THE CIVIL WAR?
WAR COMMUNISM
BOLSHEVIK PARTY IS RENAMED WHAT?
COMMUNIST PARTY
WHAT WAS INTRODUCED BY LENIN TO REVIVE THE ECONOMY AFTER THE RAVAGES OF THE CIVIL WAR AND MISTAKES OF WAR COMMUNISM?
THE NEW ECONOMIC POLICY
WHAT US PRES. DECIDED TO ENTER WWI?
WOODROW WILSON
WHAT YEAR DID US CONGRESS DECLARE WAR AND ENTERED WWI?
1917
WHAT WAS WILSONS 14 PTS.
ADVOCATED OPEN CONVENANTS NATIONALISM FREE TREADE AND A LEAGUE OF NATIONS
WHO ATTENEDED THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE?
GB FRANCE US ITALY (BIG 4)
WHAT IS GERMANY FORCED TO SIGN AT THE PARIS PEACE CONFERCNE?
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
WHAT WAS ARTICLE 231 OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES?
FORCED GERMANY TO ACCEPT TOTAL BLAME FOR THE WAR
WHAT WAS WILSON'S 14TH PT>
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
WHAT WAS ONE OF THE NEW COUNTRIES CREATED FROM THE LAND RUSSIA LOST TO GERMANY
POLAND
WHO WAS THE FIRST FASCIST RULER IN EUROPE?
MUSSOLINI
WHAT ALLOWS MUSSOLINI TO COME INTO POWER
THE MARCH TO ROME
WHAT HAPPENS TO VATICAN CITY BC OF THE DEAL MADE WITH MUSS.?
ITS SOVEREIGNTY AND INDEPENDENCE IS CONFIRMED
WHAT WAS MUSS. FOREIGN POLICY?
AGGRESSIVE
WHAT WAS THE FIRST GOV. AFTER WWI IN GERMANY?
WIEMAR REPUBLIC
WHAT WAS THE LACARNO CONFERENCE?
BY SIGNING THIS GERMANY ACCEPTED HER WESTERN BOUNDARIES AS DESIGNATED BY THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
WHAT DID N.A.Z.I. STAND FOR
NATIONAL SOCIALIST GERMAN WORKERS PARTY
WHAT HAPPENED AT THE BEER HALL PUTSCH IN MUNICH?
HITLER OF SENTENCED TO 5 YRS IN PRISON AND ONLY SERVES 9 MONTHS
WHAT WAS HITLERS BOOK CALLED?
MEIN KAMPF
DATES OF BLACK TUESDAY?
OCT. 29 1929 STOCK MARKED CRACH
WHAT YEAR DID HITLER TAKE CONTROL OF THE GERMAN GOV.?
1933
WHEN DID THE THIRD REICH RULE?
1933-1945
WHO DID GERMANY RE-OCCUPY IN 1936?
RHINELAND
WHAT YEAR DID GERMANY ANNEX AUSTRIA?
1938
WHO ATTENED THE MUNICH CONFERENCE AND WHAT ISSUE WAS DISCUSSED?
THE ISSUE OF SUDENTENLAND OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA, GERMANY-HITLER, ITLAY-MUSS. GB- CHAMBERALAND FRANCE-DELADIER
WHAT WAS THE MUNICH PACT/AGREEMENT
GERMANY GETS THE SUDENTANLAND
WHAT WERE THE SPANISH REBELS OR CONSERVATIVE FORCES CALLED LED BY GERNERAL FRANCISCO FRANCO?
NATIONALISTS/REBELS
WHO DID THE SOVIET UNION PRIMARILY SUPPORT?
THE REPUBLICAN/LOYALIST FORCES
WHO INVADED MANCHURIA?
JAPAN
WHO INVADED CHINA IN 1937?
JAPAN
WHAT WERE THE FIVE YEAR PLANS?
GOAL WAS TO RAPIDLY INDUSTRIALIZE RUSSIA, EMPHASIZED HEAVY INDUSTRY AT THE EXPENSE OF CONSUMER GOODS
WHAT WAS THE GULAG?
A SYSTEM OF FORCED LABOR CAMPS IN WHICH 18 MILLION PPL WERE IMPRISONED BW 1929-53
WHO GAVE INTO HITLER?
CHAMBERLAND -GB
WHAT WAS THE MAGINOT LINE?
87 MILE BORDER PLACED BY FRANCE IN PARANOIA OF GERMAN INVASION
WHO WAS PRES. DURING G.DEPRESSION?
HOOVER
WHO BROUGHT AN INTERNATIONLAIST VIEW OF THE WORLD?
FDR
WHAT WAS THE NEW DEAL?
FDR DOMESTIC PROGRAM WHICH CALLS FOR A MAJOR ROLE OF THE FEDRAL GOVERNMENT IN THE AMERICAN ECONOMY
WHAT WAS THE START OF WWII?
HITLER WANTED MARE OF CZECH. AND POLAND THAN WAS GIVIN TO HIM BY THE PARIS PEACE CON., HITLER INVADED POLAND
WHAT YEARS DID WWII GO ON
1939-1945
WHAT YEAR DID AMERICANS ENTER WWII?
1941
WHAT WAS THE 'PHONY WAR'>
WHEN POLAND IS INVADED BY GERMANY, THE BRIT. AND FRENCH DO NOTHING MILITARILY
WHO SUCCEEDED CHAMBERLAND FOR GB AS PRIMEMINISTER?
WINSTON CHURCHILL
WHAT WAS THE MIRACLE OF DUNKIRK?
BRITISH AND FRENCH WERE TRAPPED BY GERMANY BUT WERE MARACULOUSLY RESCUED
WHAT IS THE BLITZ?
THE LATER BOMBING OF LONDON AND OTHER CITIES IN BRITAIN
WHAT HAPPENED IN 1940 IN THE US THAT WAS THE FIRST IN HISTORY?
THE FIRST PEACETIME DRAFT
WHAT WAS THE ATLANTIC CHARTER
THE 2 LEADERS OF THE FREE WORLD MADE JOINT DECLARTIAON OF THEIR COMMON PRINDIPLES AND WAR AIMS LAYING THE IDOLGIGAL BASES FOR PEACE
DATES OF PEARL HARBOR?
DEC. 7 1941
WHAT WAS THE GRAND ALLIANCE OR THE AXIS POWERES?
GERMANY ITALY JAPAN
WHAT WAS THE BATAAN DEATH MARCH?
75000 FILIPINO AND AMERICAN SOLDIERS GON ON A 6 DAY 85 MILE FORCED MARCH TO A PRISON CAMP NEAR CABANATUAN
WHAT BATTLE WAS THE TURNING PT OF THE WAR AND CAUSED GERMANY TO LOSE?
BATTLE OF STALINGRAD