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52 Cards in this Set

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Humanism
1) Deep interest in study of classical lit (greek and roman)
2) New outlook - more emphasis on the here and now, less on religion.
Dante 1265-1321
Poet from a noble family. Transitional figure middles ages to Renaissance. religious subject matter.
Petrarch 1304-1374
Set pattern for Renaissance humanist lit. Poet from Florence. "Originator". Lora. Great wisdom in classics.
Boccacio 1313-1375
Florence. Law school. Decameron. 100 short stories. During black death. Called attention to hypocracy of society.
Giotto 1276-1337
Painter from Florence. Started two Renaissance trends: realism and 3D on canvas.
Decline of the Italian Renaissance 1550
Protestant Reformation (not as much time for lit and painting).
Political instability of Italian city staes.
Loss of economic supremacy of Italy (Age of Discovery andtrade routes...Vasco de Gama)
French invasion of Italy 1494
Northern vs. Italian Renaissance
1) N is more religious in tone. Italian more secular
2) I put more emphasis on visul arts. N more on lit.
3) N more use of vernacular languages.
Erasmus 1469-1536
Greatest figure of Christian humanism.
1) Illegitimate son of Catholic priest
2)educated in monastery
3)greatly disturbed by abuses in church
4)church reform from within
5)man basically good salvation=faith+works
6)reason gets rid of injustice
7)toleration
Erasmus writings
1) In Praise of Folly.
2) Eduaction of a Christian Prince
3)New Greet text of the NT
Rabelais 1490-1553
Monk. Medical doctor. Wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel
Montaigne 1533-1592
1)Born a noble
2)Went to univeristy at 6
3) Became a lawyer
4) Retired at public life at 37 to write
Essays of Montaigne
Skeptical and cynical, especially toward church. Church doctrine can't be revealed truth of God. Religion to him was human customs and traditions. God is remote. Christians are just like the pagans. Look at the Crusades. "No ideal is worth killing your neighbor over."
Spanish Inquisition 1478
Church courts in spain that prosecuted all heresy. torture used. death penalty.
El Greco
Greek painter during Spanish Renaissance. emotional and tragic themes.
Giotto 1276-1375
Painter from Florence during Renaissance Italy. Medieval and religious. Started realism and 3D on canvas.
Peter Breughel
painter. renaissance in low countries. social commentary. peasants hard at work.
Hans Holbein
painter of Northern Renaissance. portraits. Henry VIII of England.
Van Eyck early 1400's
Low Ren. painter. oil. religious themes w/ great color.
Cervantes 1547-1616
writer. satirical. Don Q.
English Renaissance
Tudor dynasty in power. Henry VIII to Elizabeth I.Peace, stability, order.
Edmund Spenser
Wrote long poem the Faerie Queen. About Queen Elizabeth. Set rules of meter.
Reformation 1517-1648
1517: 95 Theses
1648: End of 30 Yrs. War Treaty of Westphalia
Causes of Reformation
1) Economic: wealth of RCC
2) Political: Kings resent pope
3) Religious: Abuses of Catholic church
Abuses of Catholic church previous to Reformation
1) corruption among clergy
2) simony
3) sacred relics (12 skulls of JtB)
4) sale of indulgences
Tetzel
1517 Big seller of indulgences
Diet of Worms April 1521
Luther summoned before Emperor Charles V to defend his views. He refused to recant and left RCC. Safe conduct. Not burned. Protect by Federick local prince for 25 years.
Lutheran theology
1)Salvation by faith
2) Ultimate authority of Bible
3) Priesthood of the believer.
4) Consubstantiation. Christ present.
Calvinism
1)Total soverignty of God
2) total depravity of man (can't choose God on our own)
3) Predestination
Why Calvinism spread
1)Systematic logic theology
2)Highly organized
3)didn't condemn profit of Catholics
Huegenots and Puritans
Calvinism French and English
Peter Breughel
painter. renaissance in low countries. social commentary. peasants hard at work.
Hans Holbein
painter of Northern Renaissance. portraits. Henry VIII of England.
Van Eyck early 1400's
Low Ren. painter. oil. religious themes w/ great color.
Cervantes 1547-1616
writer. satirical. Don Q.
English Renaissance
Tudor dynasty in power. Henry VIII to Elizabeth I.Peace, stability, order.
Council of Trent 1545-1563
1)reaffirmed church doctrine. traidion is scripture in authority.
2) Ended most abuses. indulgences stopped. celebacy. priests seminary educated.
anabaptists
Switzerland. Germany. Home bible study groups off of Luther's theology.
Beliefs of anabaptists
1)experiential rather than baptismal
2)Baptism not for infants but for believers
3)Separation from society. communally. wouldn't take oaths, serve as officials, or in military.
Ignatius Loyola
Founded Jesuit olrder. Militant order of teaching priests and missionaries. "If the pope says black is white, we will."
extremists
Also known as anabaptists. into polygamy and violence. Called Munster Germany the New Jerusalem.
Peace of Westphalia 1648
1) Germany. Princes of independent parts get to choose religion for people.
2)Emperor of Germany keeps title but loses power.
3)New nations come into modern existance Holland, Switz, Portugal
4)Treaty sets cont. Europe map pre-Nap
5)Pope no longer has political authority
English Civil War (War of Roses) 1455-1487
Red rose = house of Lancaster. White rose = house of York, who won.
Henry VIII 1509-1547
Tudor Catherine of Aragon was first wife. Jane Seymour actually gave him a son. Edward VI
James 1 1603-1625
only Scottish king. started stuart dynasty. Got in a lot of fights with Parliament. wishy washy.
Charles 1 1625-1649.
only English king to be beheaded. Arranged marriage of which did not work out. Assistant Duke of Buckingham.
Petition of Right 1628
King Charles had to sign. 1)No tax money raise w/out Par consent.
2) king can't put peeps in prison w/out due process of law.
3) Protection of privacy clause
4)King not impose martial law w/out Par's signature.
oliver cromwell 1649-1660
Black mark is what happened in Ireland. Called Lord Protectorate.
Causes of English Civil War
1)Religion 2)Political. divine right of kings and representive government. 3)Economic. Nobility or middle class? 4) georgraphical. north and west with the king. South is with Parliament
Who fought in the English Civil War
Cavaliers: kings wavy hair men
Roundheads: Cromwell's bowlcut hair men.
Scientific Revolution
1543 (Copernicus astronomer died) - 1727 (Sir Isaac newton physicist died)
Two developments of Scientific revolution
Factual discoveries and new ways to analyze data.
Johannes kepler 1571-1630
Assistant to Copernicus. Worked math into eliptical orbitis.