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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Whose reign was one of England's great cultural periods?
Elizabeth I
Where did Henry VII's closest advisors come from?
gentry, merchant classes
Ireland was majorily under whose rule?
the English
Who succeeded Bloody Mary?
protestant half-sister Elizabeth I
In matters of govt, Elizabeth I was assisted by who?
a council of nobles
Who was the most powerful Tudor monarch?
Henry VIII
What did the English rely on to protect their interests during Elizabeth I's reign?
diplomacy, sea power
What is the system in which each nation helps to keep peace and order by maintaining power that is equal to rival nations?
balance of power
Which country, largely Catholic, was hostile toward England during the 1550s?
What was the social class during Elizabeth I's reign that included farmers with small landholdings and laborers?
Who became king after Henry VIII died?
Edward VI
What social class provided the source of Tudor strength and stability?
Henry VII helped rebuild England's -?
commercial prosperity
T/F: Under Elizabeth I's rule, England acted as the "third balancing nation."
What was the lowest social rank during Elizabeth I's reign?
What did Henry VII avoid (concerning foreign policy)?
Did Henry VII promote careful govt spending?
Because Henry VIII wanted to break from the Catholic church, what government group increased its power during his reign?
House of Commons
Did Henry VII promote collecting taxes?
Govt laws and policies closely regulated the lives of which group of people?
What made local areas responsible for their own homeless and unemployed?
Poor Laws of 1597 and 1601
How did Elizabeth I become allies with Scotland?
turned Scotland Protestant
What required people to live and work where they were born?
Statute of Apprentices of 1563
With which monarch's death came the end of the Tudor dynasty?
Elizabeth I
What did the Statute of Apprentices of 1563 declare?
work was a social and moral duty
T/F: Elizabeth I believed in the importance of social rank.
What controlled the movement of labor, fixed wages, and regulated apprenticeships during Elizabeth I's reign?
Statute of Apprentices of 1563
Who was the second Tudor to rule?
Henry VIII
When was Mary, Queen of Scots forced to abdicate her position as queen of scotland?
English were afraid of Mary, Queen of Scots so they accused her of what?
plotting against Elizabeth
How did Henry VII strengthen England's interests abroad?
diplomacy, marriages
How did Henry VIII further support for his policies?
seized land from monestaries and sold them to wealthy landowners
When did Elizabeth I die?
In the 1590's England carried out military campaigns in what country?
What was the social class just under the queen/court, made of lesser nobles, merchants, lawyers and clergy?
Who succeeded Elizabeth I?
King James VI of Scotland (son of Mary, Queen of Scots)
T/F: Elizabeth I's subjects weren't loyal.
Why didn't Elizabeth I marry?
Foreign prince: endanger England. Englishman: cause jealousies.
What laws included means to raise money for charity and provided work for vagabonds?
Poor laws of 1597 and 1601
Which dynasty brought unity to England after a long time of decline and disorder?
What dynasty did James VI found that united Scotland and England under a common ruler?
What question arose because Elizabeth I didn't marry?
After Henry VIII's death, what happened to England?
entered brief period of turmoil
What kind of national protection did Henry VIII build up?
navy- wanted to be a great naval power
Who posed the greatest naval threat to England during Elizabeth I's reign?
France and Spain
Did Henry VIII avoid wars?
T/F: Elizabeth I only used her authority for the common good.
When did the Tudor dynasty rule?
Who did Bloody Mary marry?
Philip II
What was significant about Bloody Mary's reign?
she burned 300 protestants at the stake for heresy
Did Parliament have the power to initiate legislation under Elizabeth I?
Elizabeth I's council of nobles were assisted by whom?
small staffs of professional but poorly paid bureaucrats
Like spain, England developed a strong -?
Who drafted proclamations, handled foreign relations, and supervised admin of justic/regulation of prices and wages under Queen Elizabeth I?
council of nobles
After Edward VI's short reign, who was his successor?
His Catholic half-sister, Mary
Elizabeth I inherited a monarchy with what problem?
badly in debt
During Elizabeth I's reign, the playwright, -, caused the theater to flourish.
william shakespeare
What set bounds to the authority that Tudor monarchs could exercise?
Parliament, courts of law
Were Tudor monarchs popular?
Because of Bloody Mary's war with france, England lost what port?
Who was England at war with during Bloody Mary's reign?
Taxes during Elizabeth I's reign barely covered annual expenses, but she did what to show the power and dignity of the monarchy?
spent lavishly
What class did justices of the peace belong to?
rural landowning class
What do justices of the peace do?
maintain peace, collect taxes, kept govt informed of local problems
Who was the first Tudor monarch?
Henry VII
Parliament, under Elizabeth I, had the power to plead, urge, advise, and withhold approvel of legislation, giving it influence, especially when considering what kind of laws?
Why were justices of the peace adaquately unbiased?
knew both the laws AND the local conditions (they weren't rich either)
When did Henry VII become king?
1485 after the Wars of the Roses
How did Elizabeth I raise funds?
sold off royal lands, offices, licenses, monopolices, right to collect customs
How did Henry VII disarm his rivals and increase the prestige of his family?
shrewd maneuvering
Who enforced Elizabeth I's laws?
unpaid justices of the peace
When did Elizabeth I become queen?
Because England couldn't completely withdraw from continental affairs, what kind of foreign policy did it develop?
one suitable for a small island nation with limited resources
What was Elizabeth I like?
shrewd, smart, forceful
Finantially, how did Elizabeth I's reign end?
in debt
For security, what did the English rely on for protection?
English channel