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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Water Basics
*Basic component of all tissues
*40-60% of human body is water
*Transports nutrients & wastes
*Medium for metabolism
*Insulator & shock absorber
*Lubricant (joints & GI tract)
*Regulator of body temp
*Provides form & structure
Average 24 hour intake
*Oral liquids: 1,200-1,500 mL
*H2O in foods: 700-1,000 mL
*Metabolism: 200-300 mL
*Total: 2,100-2,800 mL
*Ideal adult intake = 2600mL/day
Minimum: 1500-2000ml/day
Average Daily Output
*Kidneys: 900-1,400 mL
*Lungs: 350 mL
*Skin: 450-700 mL
*Feces: 150 mL
*Total: 1,850-2,600 mL
*Minimum urine output: 500mL/24h
*An ounce per hour (30cc)
Symptoms of Dehydration
*Low blood pressure
*Fever
*Dry skin
*thirst
*mental disorientation
Dehydration
-10% loss can cause serious problems
*Low BP
*Low nutrition absorbtion
*Low kidney function
-20% loss can lead to circulatory failure & death
Monitoring Intake & Output
*NPO status
*Post-op patients
*Have IVs
*Foley catheter
*After foley is removed
*On diuretics
*Excessive fluid loss or retention
Parenteral/Enternal Feeding
-Intravenous Fluids:
*D5W or D5NS only provide carbs,
200kcal/1000mL; 3 bags in 24h = 600kcal
*TPN contains carbs, protein, fat,
vitamins, & minerals, 1800cc = 1800kcal
per 24h (placed in major artery near
heart)
-Enteral Feedings:
*Tubes: NG, gastrostomy, jejunostomy
*Specially prepared solutions
*Keep HOB up 30 degrees when providing
care