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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
John Jay
goes to London to negotiate US gets control of territories w of Appalachians
XYZ Affair (1796)
wave of anti-French feelings in US, undeclared naval was was fought between US and France for 2 yrs.
Edmund Genet
young diplomat from France tries to win American support for war
placing the interests of one's own region ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
raise residence requirement for American citizenship from 5 to 14 yrs. Pres. could deport any alien considered undesirable
Little Turtle
Miami Native American chief, leads Miami Confederacy, wins battles against Americans
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798)
declared right to make null and void the Alien and Sedition Acts, they violated the Bill of Rights
Pickney's Treaty (1795)
Spain gave up claim to land east of Mississippi River, recognized 31st parallel as northern boundary of Florida. US expands west
Who was appointed to the departments created by Washington?
State: Thomas Jefferson
War: Henry Knox
Treasury: Alexander Hamilton
What departments were created by Washington?
Dept. of State: foreign affairs
Dept. of War: handle military
Dept. of Treasury: finances
Jay's Treaty
U.S. gains control in Northwest territory ; Britain continues fur trade on American side of US/Canadian border
excise tax
a tax on the produciton, sale or consumption of goods produced within a country
What was Jefferson's philosophy of government?
He believed in strong state and local government, rooted in the people's participation
Battle of Fallen Timbers
ended Native American resistance in Ohio
Declaration of neutrality
U.S. would not take sides
couldn't afford the war, supplies or men
Why didn't Jefferson and Madison want a national bank?
They felt it would build an unhealthy alliance between government and wealthy business interests
What was Hamiltion's philosophy of government?
He believed in strong central government led by a prosperous educated elite upper class
Why did Hamilton want a national bank?
He wanted to pay off the debts the states owed.
a political party that supported a strong state government
Judiciary Act of 1789
Created judicial structure. Supreme Court with Chief Justice, associate justices, federal circuit courts, federal district courts
Why did Washington dislike the two-party system?
danger to national unity
pitting one group against another
What party politics did Hamliton belong to?
What party politics did Jefferson belong to?
group of department heads who serve as the President's chief advisers
protective tariff
a tax on imported goods that protects a nation's businesses from foreign competition
Adams elected president (1796)
growing danger of sectionalism interests of one region over those of the nation